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29-05-2020 | Uitgave 4/2020

Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 4/2020

Does Rumination Mediate the Effect of Depressive Symptoms on Cigarette Dependence and Craving in Seeking Treatment Smokers?

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment > Uitgave 4/2020
Auteurs:
Carmela Martínez-Vispo, Carmen Senra, Ana López-Durán, Elena Fernández del Río, Elisardo Becoña
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Abstract

Despite the advances in understanding the relationship between smoking and depressive symptomatology, scarce research has investigated cognitive variables underlying in such relation. The main aim of this study is to examine the mediating effect of two rumination subtypes (brooding and reflection) in the link between depressive symptoms and both cigarette dependence level and tobacco craving in treatment-seeking smokers. Participants were 275 adult daily smokers seeking treatment to quit smoking (61.5% females; Mage = 45.3 years; SD = 10.9). Multiple mediation analysis was conducted to explore the mediating effects of rumination (brooding and reflection) in the relation between depressive symptoms, cigarette dependence level, and craving. Results showed a significant indirect effect of depressive symptoms through the joint of both rumination subtypes on cigarette dependence (β = 0.089; 95% BootCI [0.006, 0.168]), and craving (β = 0.123; 95% BootCI [0.048, 0.205]). The specific analysis of each mediator showed that only brooding subtype had a significant effect on the relation between depressive symptoms and tobacco craving (β = 0.101; 95% BootCI [0.023, 0.186]). Findings of the present study provide further evidence for the role of rumination in smoking-related variables and for the potential value of introducing rumination-focused interventions into smoking-cessation interventions.

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