Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The relation between maternal depressive symptoms and children’s mental health problems has been well established. However, prior studies have predominantly focused on maternal reports of children’s mental health problems and on parenting behavior, as a broad and unilateral concept. This cross-sectional study examined specific observed mother–child interaction behaviors through which maternal depressive symptoms are assumed to affect children’s mental health problems. We expected higher rates of maternal depressive symptoms to predict higher rates of children’s mental health problems, and we expected this relation to be mediated by low maternal warmth and high maternal psychological control. The sample consisted of 111 mother–child dyads referred for treatment. The mother–child interaction behaviors were coded according to the observed mother–child interaction tasks. Children’s mental health problems were assessed using both maternal reports and children’s self-reports. As expected, the results showed that maternal depressive symptoms were strongly related to maternal reports of children’s internalizing and externalizing mental health problems. Surprisingly, maternal depressive symptoms were unrelated to children’s self-reported depressive symptoms. Furthermore, mother–child interactions did not mediate the relation between maternal depressive symptoms and child mental health problems. Maternal depressive symptoms were associated with high maternal warmth, and high psychological control was associated with high levels of mother-reported externalizing mental health problems in children. These results partially replicate previous findings but add to these by using observational methods and multi-informant data. The importance of using a multi-informant and multi-method approach in assessing children’s mental health problems in clinical practice and research are discussed.
Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Manual for the child behavior checklist/4–18 and 1991 profile. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry.
Andrade, L., Caraveo-Anduaga, J. J., Berglund, P., van Bijl, R., de Graaf, R., Dragomirecka, E., et al. (2003). Epidemiology of major depressive episodes: Results from the International Consortium of Psychiatric Epidemiology (ICPE) Surveys. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 12, 3–21. doi: 10.1002/mpr.138. CrossRefPubMed
Angold, A., Costello, E. J., Messer, S. C., Pickles, A., Winder, F., & Silver, D. (1995). Development of a short questionnaire for use in epidemiological studies of depression in children and adolescents. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 5, 237–249.
Baker, C. N., & Hoerger, M. (2012). Parental child-rearing strategies influence self-regulation, socio-emotional adjustment, and psychopathology in early adulthood: Evidence from a retrospective cohort study. Personality and Individual Differences, 52, 800–805. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2011.12.034. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1996). Manual for beck depression inventory-II. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
Bowlby, J. (1982). Attachment. New York: Basic Books.
Burt, K. B., van Dulmen, M. H. M., Carlivati, J., Egeland, B., Sroufe, L. A., Forman, D. R., & Carlson, E. A. (2005). Mediating links between maternal depression and offspring psychopathology: The importance of independent data. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 46, 490–499. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00367.x. CrossRef
Casas, J. F., Weigel, S. M., Crick, N. R., Ostrov, J. M., Woods, K. E., Jansen Yeh, E. A., & Huddleston-Casas, C. A. (2006). Early parenting and children’s relational and physical aggression in the preschool and home contexts. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 27, 209–227. doi: 10.1016/j.appdev.2006.02.003. CrossRef
Dawson, G., Frey, K., Panagiotides, H., Osterling, J., & Hessl, D. (1997). Infants of depressed mothers exhibit atypical frontal brain activity: A replication and extension of previous findings. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 38, 179–186. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.1997.tb01852.x. CrossRef
De Los Reyes, A. (2011). Introduction to the special section: More than measurement error: Discovering meaning behind informant discrepancies in clinical assessments of children and adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 40, 1–9. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2011.533405. CrossRefPubMed
Eyberg, S. M., Nelson, M. M., Duke, M., & Boggs, S. R. (2005). Manual for the dyadic parent-child interaction coding system. Retrieved from www.PCIT.org.
Forgatch, M. S., Fetrow, B., & Lathrop, M. (1985). Solving problems in family interactions. Unpublished training manual. Available from Oregon Social Learning Center, 160 East 4th Avenue, Eugene, OR97401-2426.
Goodman, S. H., & Tully, E. C. (2006). Depression in woman who are mothers: An integrative model of risk for the development of psychopathology in their sons and daughters. In C. L. M. Keyes & S. H. Goodman (Eds.), Woman and depression: A handbook for the social, behavior, and biomedical sciences (pp. 22–40). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Gotlib, I. H., & Neubauer, D. L. (2000). Information-processing approaches to the study of cognitive biases in depression. In S. L. Johnson, A. M. Hayes, T. M. Field, N. Schneiderman, & P. M. McCabe (Eds.), Stress, coping, and depression (pp. 117–143). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Hammen, C., Shih, J., Altman, T., & Brennan, P. (2003). Interpersonal impairment and the prediction of depressive symptoms in children of depressed and nondepressed mothers. Journal of the Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 571–577. doi: 10.1097/01.CHI.0000046829.95464.E5. CrossRef
Ivanova, M. Y., Achenbach, T. M., Dumenci, L., Rescorla, L. A., Almqvist, F., Weintraub, S., et al. (2007). Testing the 8-syndrome structure of the child behavior checklist in 30 societies. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 36, 405–417. doi: 10.1080/15374410701444363. CrossRefPubMed
Kawabata, Y., Alink, L. R. A., Tseng, W., van Ijzendoorn, M. H., & Crick, N. R. (2011). Maternal and paternal parenting styles associated with relational aggression in children and adolescents: A conceptual analysis and meta-analytic review. Developmental Review, 31, 240–278. doi: 10.1016/j.dr.2011.08.001. CrossRef
Kerr, D. C. R., Lunkenheimer, E. S., & Olson, S. L. (2007). Assessment of child problem behaviors by multiple informants: A longitudinal study from preschool to school entry. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 48, 967–975. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2007.01776.x. CrossRef
Kessler, R. C. (2006). The epidemiology of depression among woman. In C. L. M. Keyes & S. H. Goodman (Eds.), Woman and depression: A handbook for the social, behavior, and biomedical sciences (pp. 22–40). New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Kraemer, H. C., Measelle, J. R., Ablow, J. C., Essex, M. J., Boyce, W. T., & Kupfer, D. J. (2003). A new approach to integrating data from multiple informants in psychiatric assessment and research: Mixing and matching contexts and perspectives. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 1566–1577. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.160.9.1566. CrossRefPubMed
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2010). Mplus user’s guide (6th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
Patterson, G. R. (2002). The early developmental of coercive family process. In J. B. Reid, G. R. Patterson, & J. Snyder (Eds.), Antisocial behavior in children and adolescents: Developmental theories and models for intervention (pp. 25–44). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
Robin, A. L., & Weiss, J. G. (1980). Criterion-related validity of behavioral and self-report measures of problem-solving communication skills in distressed and non-distressed parent–adolescent dyads. Behavioral Assessment, 2, 339–352.
Sharp, C., Goodyer, I. M., & Croudace, T. J. (2006). The Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (SMFQ): A unidimensional item response theory and categorical data factor analysis of self-report ratings from a community sample of 7- through 11-year-old children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 34, 365–377. doi: 10.1007/s10802-006-9027-x. CrossRef
Soenens, B., Luyckx, K., Vansteenkiste, M., Duriez, B., & Goossens, L. (2008a). Clarifying the link between perceived parental psychological control and adolescents’ depressive feelings: Reciprocal versus unidirectional models of influence. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 54, 411–444. doi: 10.1353/mpq.0.0005. CrossRef
Sroufe, L. A., Egeland, B., Carlson, E., & Collins, W. A. (2005). The development of the person: The Minnesota study of risk and adaptation from birth to adulthood. New York: Guilford.
Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). Newyork: Pearson Education Inc.
World Health Organization (2008). The global burden of disease 2004 update. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/GBD_report_2004update_full.pdf. Accessed 16 June 2012.
- Does Mother–Child Interaction Mediate the Relation Between Maternal Depressive Symptoms and Children’s Mental Health Problems?
Marleen M. E. M. van Doorn
Rowella C. W. M. Kuijpers
- Springer US