Van Aken, M. A. G. (2006). Children’s personality. Development and consequences, Kind en Adolescent, 27 (4), 204-215.
The article focuses on individual differences between children, as indicated by the concepts of temperament and personality. It is discussed that the personality of children is clearly visible from an early age, and shows moderate stability. It is also shown how personality, together with environmental factors, determine the child’s functioning through person-environment correlations as well as person-environment interactions. Several possible connections between personality and psychopathology in children are illustrated. To conclude, the implications of all the above for interventions with children are discussed.