Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 1/2023

01-09-2022

Comparison of the Cognitive Disengagement and Hypoactivity Components of Sluggish Cognitive Tempo in Autism, ADHD, and Population-Based Samples of Children

Auteurs: Susan D. Mayes, Stephen P. Becker, Susan L. Calhoun, Daniel A. Waschbusch

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 1/2023

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

An international Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) Work Group proposed a new term for SCT, “cognitive disengagement syndrome,” that more accurately describes the syndrome than does SCT. According to the Work Group, symptoms of SCT represent a cognitive dimension (cognitive disengagement) and a motor dimension (hypoactivity). Our study determined (1) if distinct factors representing cognitive disengagement and hypoactivity emerged when SCT items were factor analyzed and (2) the degree of differences in cognitive disengagement and hypoactivity within diagnostic groups. Mothers rated 1,177 children with autism, 725 with ADHD-Combined, and 307 with ADHD-Inattentive (4–17 years) and 665 elementary school children (6–12 years) on the Pediatric Behavior Scale (PBS). SCT prevalence rates were autism 32%, ADHD-Inattentive 27%, ADHD-Combined 18%, and elementary school students 7%. Factor analysis of the SCT items yielded two factors reflecting cognitive disengagement (in a fog/confused and stares/preoccupied/in own world) and hypoactivity (sluggish/slow moving/low energy, drowsy/sleepy/not alert, and tires easily) in all diagnostic groups. Cognitive disengagement prevalence rates and scores were significantly higher than hypoactivity in the autism and ADHD-C groups and in the autism and ADHD-C subgroups of children with SCT (but not in the ADHD-I and elementary school total groups and SCT subgroups). Our findings factor analyzing five SCT items support two SCT subfactors: cognitive disengagement and hypoactivity.
Literatuur
go back to reference Barkley, R. A. (2013). Distinguishing sluggish cognitive tempo from ADHD in children and adolescents: Executive functioning, impairment, and comorbidity. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 42, 161–173. CrossRef Barkley, R. A. (2013). Distinguishing sluggish cognitive tempo from ADHD in children and adolescents: Executive functioning, impairment, and comorbidity. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 42, 161–173. CrossRef
go back to reference Barkley, R. A. (2014). Sluggish cognitive tempo (concentration deficit disorder?): Current status, future directions, and a plea to change the name. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42, 117–125. CrossRef Barkley, R. A. (2014). Sluggish cognitive tempo (concentration deficit disorder?): Current status, future directions, and a plea to change the name. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42, 117–125. CrossRef
go back to reference Barkley, R. A., Willcutt, E., & Jacobson, L. A. (2022). What is the cognitive deficit in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT)? A review of neuropsychological research. The ADHD Report, 30, 1–10. Barkley, R. A., Willcutt, E., & Jacobson, L. A. (2022). What is the cognitive deficit in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT)? A review of neuropsychological research. The ADHD Report, 30, 1–10.
go back to reference Bauermeister, J. J., Barkley, R. A., Bauermeister, J. A., Martinez, J. V., & McBurnett, K. (2012). Validity of the sluggish cognitive tempo, inattention, hyperactivity symptom dimensions: Neuropsychological and psychological correlates. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 683–697. CrossRef Bauermeister, J. J., Barkley, R. A., Bauermeister, J. A., Martinez, J. V., & McBurnett, K. (2012). Validity of the sluggish cognitive tempo, inattention, hyperactivity symptom dimensions: Neuropsychological and psychological correlates. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 683–697. CrossRef
go back to reference Baytunca, M. B., Inci, S. B., Ipci, M., Kardas, B., Bolat, G. U., & Ercan, E. S. (2018). The neurocognitive nature of children with ADHD comorbid sluggish cognitive tempo: Might SCT be a disorder of vigilance? Psychiatry Research, 270, 967–973.Becker, S. P. (2021). Systematic review: Assessment of sluggish cognitive tempo over the past decade. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 60, 690–709. Baytunca, M. B., Inci, S. B., Ipci, M., Kardas, B., Bolat, G. U., & Ercan, E. S. (2018). The neurocognitive nature of children with ADHD comorbid sluggish cognitive tempo: Might SCT be a disorder of vigilance? Psychiatry Research, 270, 967–973.Becker, S. P. (2021). Systematic review: Assessment of sluggish cognitive tempo over the past decade. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 60, 690–709.
go back to reference Becker, S. P. (2021). Systematic review: Assessment of sluggish cognitive tempo over the past decade. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 60, 690–709. Becker, S. P. (2021). Systematic review: Assessment of sluggish cognitive tempo over the past decade. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 60, 690–709.
go back to reference Becker, S. P., Fredrick, J. W., Foster, J. A., Yeaman, K. M., Epstein, J. N., Froehlich, T. E., & Mitchell, J. T. (2022). “My mom calls it Annaland”: A qualitative study of phenomenology, daily life impacts, and treatment considerations of sluggish cognitive tempo. Journal of Attention Disorders, 26, 915–931. CrossRef Becker, S. P., Fredrick, J. W., Foster, J. A., Yeaman, K. M., Epstein, J. N., Froehlich, T. E., & Mitchell, J. T. (2022). “My mom calls it Annaland”: A qualitative study of phenomenology, daily life impacts, and treatment considerations of sluggish cognitive tempo. Journal of Attention Disorders, 26, 915–931. CrossRef
go back to reference Becker, S. P., Leopold, D. R., Burns, G. L., Jarrett, M. A., Langberg, J. M., Marshall, S. A., et al. (2016). The internal, external, and diagnostic validity of sluggish cognitive tempo: A meta-analysis and critical review. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 55, 163–178. CrossRef Becker, S. P., Leopold, D. R., Burns, G. L., Jarrett, M. A., Langberg, J. M., Marshall, S. A., et al. (2016). The internal, external, and diagnostic validity of sluggish cognitive tempo: A meta-analysis and critical review. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 55, 163–178. CrossRef
go back to reference Becker, S. P., Mossing, K. W., Zoromski, A. K., Vaughn, A. J., Epstein, J. N., Tamm, L., & Burns, G. L. (2020). Assessing sluggish cognitive tempo and ADHD inattention in elementary students: Empirical differentiation, invariance across sex and grade, and measurement precision. Psychological Assessment, 32, 1047–1056. CrossRef Becker, S. P., Mossing, K. W., Zoromski, A. K., Vaughn, A. J., Epstein, J. N., Tamm, L., & Burns, G. L. (2020). Assessing sluggish cognitive tempo and ADHD inattention in elementary students: Empirical differentiation, invariance across sex and grade, and measurement precision. Psychological Assessment, 32, 1047–1056. CrossRef
go back to reference Becker, S. P., Willcutt, E. G., Leopold, D. R., Smith, Z. R., Fredrick, J. W., Jacobson, L. A., et al. (in press). Report of a work group on sluggish cognitive tempo: Key research directions and a consensus change in terminology to cognitive disengagement syndrome (CDS). Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Becker, S. P., Willcutt, E. G., Leopold, D. R., Smith, Z. R., Fredrick, J. W., Jacobson, L. A., et al. (in press). Report of a work group on sluggish cognitive tempo: Key research directions and a consensus change in terminology to cognitive disengagement syndrome (CDS). Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
go back to reference Bixler, E. O., Vgontzas, A. N., Lin, H.-M., Calhoun, S., Vela-Bueno, A., Fedok, F., et al. (2009). Sleep disordered breathing in children in a general population sample: Prevalence and risk factors. Sleep, 32, 731–736. CrossRef Bixler, E. O., Vgontzas, A. N., Lin, H.-M., Calhoun, S., Vela-Bueno, A., Fedok, F., et al. (2009). Sleep disordered breathing in children in a general population sample: Prevalence and risk factors. Sleep, 32, 731–736. CrossRef
go back to reference Brewe, A. M., Simmons, G. L., Capriola-Hall, N. N., & White, S. H. (2020). Sluggish cognitive tempo: An examination of correlates for adults with autism. Autism, 24, 1373–1383. CrossRef Brewe, A. M., Simmons, G. L., Capriola-Hall, N. N., & White, S. H. (2020). Sluggish cognitive tempo: An examination of correlates for adults with autism. Autism, 24, 1373–1383. CrossRef
go back to reference Burns, G. L., & Becker, S. P. (2021). Sluggish cognitive tempo and ADHD symptoms in a nationally representative sample of U.S. children: Differentiation using categorical and dimensional approaches. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 50, 267–280. CrossRef Burns, G. L., & Becker, S. P. (2021). Sluggish cognitive tempo and ADHD symptoms in a nationally representative sample of U.S. children: Differentiation using categorical and dimensional approaches. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 50, 267–280. CrossRef
go back to reference Camprodon-Rosanas, E., Ribas-Fito, N., Batlle-Vila, S., Persavento, C., Alvarez-Pedrerol, M., Sunyer, J., & Forns, J. (2020). Association between sluggish cognitive tempo symptoms and attentional network and working memory in primary school children. Journal of Attention Disorders, 24, 1787–1795. CrossRef Camprodon-Rosanas, E., Ribas-Fito, N., Batlle-Vila, S., Persavento, C., Alvarez-Pedrerol, M., Sunyer, J., & Forns, J. (2020). Association between sluggish cognitive tempo symptoms and attentional network and working memory in primary school children. Journal of Attention Disorders, 24, 1787–1795. CrossRef
go back to reference Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2005). Mental health in the United States. Prevalence of diagnosis and medication treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder-United States, 2003. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 54, 842–847. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2005). Mental health in the United States. Prevalence of diagnosis and medication treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder-United States, 2003. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 54, 842–847.
go back to reference Conrad, A. L., Richman, L., Lindgren, S., & Nopoulos, P. (2010). Biological and environmental predictors of behavioral sequelae in children born preterm. Pediatrics, 125, e83–e89. CrossRef Conrad, A. L., Richman, L., Lindgren, S., & Nopoulos, P. (2010). Biological and environmental predictors of behavioral sequelae in children born preterm. Pediatrics, 125, e83–e89. CrossRef
go back to reference Duncan, A., Tamm, L., Birnschein, A. M., & Becker, S. P. (2019). Clinical correlates of sluggish cognitive tempo in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Autism, 23, 1354–1362. CrossRef Duncan, A., Tamm, L., Birnschein, A. M., & Becker, S. P. (2019). Clinical correlates of sluggish cognitive tempo in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Autism, 23, 1354–1362. CrossRef
go back to reference Dvorsky, M. R., Becker, S. P., Tamm, L., & Willoughby, M. T. (2019). Testing the longitudinal structure and change in sluggish cognitive tempo and inattentive behaviors from early through middle childhood. Assessment, 28, 380–394. CrossRef Dvorsky, M. R., Becker, S. P., Tamm, L., & Willoughby, M. T. (2019). Testing the longitudinal structure and change in sluggish cognitive tempo and inattentive behaviors from early through middle childhood. Assessment, 28, 380–394. CrossRef
go back to reference Ekinci, O., Ipek Bas, S. A., Ekinci, N., Dogan, O. I., Yasoz, C., & Adak, I. (2021). Sluggish cognitive tempo is associated with autistic traits and anxiety disorder symptoms in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, 43, 153–159. CrossRef Ekinci, O., Ipek Bas, S. A., Ekinci, N., Dogan, O. I., Yasoz, C., & Adak, I. (2021). Sluggish cognitive tempo is associated with autistic traits and anxiety disorder symptoms in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, 43, 153–159. CrossRef
go back to reference Fenollar Cortés, J., Servera, M., Becker, S. P., & Burns, G. L. (2017). External validity of ADHD inattention and sluggish cognitive tempo dimensions in Spanish children with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 21, 655–666. CrossRef Fenollar Cortés, J., Servera, M., Becker, S. P., & Burns, G. L. (2017). External validity of ADHD inattention and sluggish cognitive tempo dimensions in Spanish children with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 21, 655–666. CrossRef
go back to reference Ghandour, R. M., Sherman, L. J., Vladutiu, C. J., Ali, M. M., Lynch, S. E., Bitsko, R. H., & Blumberg, S. J. (2019). Prevalence and treatment of depression, anxiety, and conduct problems in US children. The Journal of Pediatrics, 206, 256–267. Ghandour, R. M., Sherman, L. J., Vladutiu, C. J., Ali, M. M., Lynch, S. E., Bitsko, R. H., & Blumberg, S. J. (2019). Prevalence and treatment of depression, anxiety, and conduct problems in US children. The Journal of Pediatrics, 206, 256–267.
go back to reference Hartman, C. A., Willcutt, E. G., Rhee, S. H., & Pennington, B. F. (2004). The relation between sluggish cognitive tempo and DSM-IV ADHD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32, 491–503. CrossRef Hartman, C. A., Willcutt, E. G., Rhee, S. H., & Pennington, B. F. (2004). The relation between sluggish cognitive tempo and DSM-IV ADHD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32, 491–503. CrossRef
go back to reference Jacobson, L. A., Geist, M., & Mahone, E. M. (2018). Sluggish cognitive tempo, processing speed, and internalizing symptoms: The moderating effect of age. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 46, 127–135. CrossRef Jacobson, L. A., Geist, M., & Mahone, E. M. (2018). Sluggish cognitive tempo, processing speed, and internalizing symptoms: The moderating effect of age. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 46, 127–135. CrossRef
go back to reference Joshi, G., Faraone, S. V., Wozniak, J., Tarko, L., Fried, R., Galdo, M., et al. (2017). Symptom profiles of ADHD in youth with high-functioning autism spectrumdisorder: A comparative study in psychiatrically referred populations. Journal of Attention Disorders, 21, 846–855. CrossRef Joshi, G., Faraone, S. V., Wozniak, J., Tarko, L., Fried, R., Galdo, M., et al. (2017). Symptom profiles of ADHD in youth with high-functioning autism spectrumdisorder: A comparative study in psychiatrically referred populations. Journal of Attention Disorders, 21, 846–855. CrossRef
go back to reference Kofler, M. J., Irwin, L. N., Sarver, D. E., Fosco, W. D., Miller, C. E., Speigel, J. A., & Becker, S. P. (2019). What cognitive processes are “sluggish” in sluggish cognitive tempo? Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 87, 1030–1042. CrossRef Kofler, M. J., Irwin, L. N., Sarver, D. E., Fosco, W. D., Miller, C. E., Speigel, J. A., & Becker, S. P. (2019). What cognitive processes are “sluggish” in sluggish cognitive tempo? Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 87, 1030–1042. CrossRef
go back to reference Lee, S. Y., Burns, G. L., Snell, J., & McBurnett, K. (2014). Validity of sluggish cognitive tempo in children: Sluggish cognitive tempo ADHD-inattention as distinct dimensions. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42, 7–19. CrossRef Lee, S. Y., Burns, G. L., Snell, J., & McBurnett, K. (2014). Validity of sluggish cognitive tempo in children: Sluggish cognitive tempo ADHD-inattention as distinct dimensions. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42, 7–19. CrossRef
go back to reference Lindgren, S. D., & Koeppl, G. K. (1987). Assessing child behavior problems in a medicalsetting: Development of the Pediatric Behavior Scale. In R. J. Prinz (Ed.), Advances in Behavioral Assessment of Children and Families (pp. 57–90). JAI. Lindgren, S. D., & Koeppl, G. K. (1987). Assessing child behavior problems in a medicalsetting: Development of the Pediatric Behavior Scale. In R. J. Prinz (Ed.), Advances in Behavioral Assessment of Children and Families (pp. 57–90). JAI.
go back to reference Mattison, R. E., & Mayes, S. D. (2012). Relationship between learning disability, executive function, and psychopathology in children with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 16, 138–146. CrossRef Mattison, R. E., & Mayes, S. D. (2012). Relationship between learning disability, executive function, and psychopathology in children with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 16, 138–146. CrossRef
go back to reference Mayes, S. D. (2012). Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder. Wood Dale, IL: Stoelting. Mayes, S. D. (2012). Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder. Wood Dale, IL: Stoelting.
go back to reference Mayes, S. D., Bangert, L., Kallus, R., Fosco, W., Calhoun, S. L., & Waschbusch, D. A. (in press). Sluggish cognitive tempo: Association with neuropsychological test scores and motor incoordination, and dysgraphia in elementary school children. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Mayes, S. D., Bangert, L., Kallus, R., Fosco, W., Calhoun, S. L., & Waschbusch, D. A. (in press). Sluggish cognitive tempo: Association with neuropsychological test scores and motor incoordination, and dysgraphia in elementary school children. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry.
go back to reference Mayes, S. D., Calhoun, S. L., Mayes, R. D., & Molitoris, S. (2012). Autism and ADHD: Overlapping and discriminating symptoms. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6, 277–285. CrossRef Mayes, S. D., Calhoun, S. L., Mayes, R. D., & Molitoris, S. (2012). Autism and ADHD: Overlapping and discriminating symptoms. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6, 277–285. CrossRef
go back to reference Mayes, S. D., Calhoun, S. L., Murray, M. J., Morrow, J. D., Yurich, K. K. L., Mahr, F., et al. (2009). Comparison of scores on the Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder, Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), and Gilliam Asperger’s Disorder Scale (GADS) for children with low functioning autism, high functioning autism or Asperger’s disorder, ADHD, and typical development. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39, 1682–1693. CrossRef Mayes, S. D., Calhoun, S. L., Murray, M. J., Morrow, J. D., Yurich, K. K. L., Mahr, F., et al. (2009). Comparison of scores on the Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder, Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), and Gilliam Asperger’s Disorder Scale (GADS) for children with low functioning autism, high functioning autism or Asperger’s disorder, ADHD, and typical development. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39, 1682–1693. CrossRef
go back to reference Mayes, S. D., Calhoun, S. L., & Waschbusch, D. A. (2021a). Relationship between sluggish cognitive tempo and sleep, psychological, somatic, and cognitive problems and impairment in children with autism and children with ADHD. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 26, 518–530. CrossRef Mayes, S. D., Calhoun, S. L., & Waschbusch, D. A. (2021a). Relationship between sluggish cognitive tempo and sleep, psychological, somatic, and cognitive problems and impairment in children with autism and children with ADHD. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 26, 518–530. CrossRef
go back to reference Mayes, S. D., Calhoun, S. L., Waschbusch, D., & Baweja, R. (2017). Autism and reactive attachment/disinhibited social engagement disorders: Co-occurrence and differentiation. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 22, 620–631. CrossRef Mayes, S. D., Calhoun, S. L., Waschbusch, D., & Baweja, R. (2017). Autism and reactive attachment/disinhibited social engagement disorders: Co-occurrence and differentiation. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 22, 620–631. CrossRef
go back to reference Mayes, S. D., Gordon, M., Calhoun, S. L., & Bixler, E. O. (2014). Long-term temporal stabilityof measured inattention and impulsivity in typical and referred children. Journal of Attention Disorders, 18, 23–30. CrossRef Mayes, S. D., Gordon, M., Calhoun, S. L., & Bixler, E. O. (2014). Long-term temporal stabilityof measured inattention and impulsivity in typical and referred children. Journal of Attention Disorders, 18, 23–30. CrossRef
go back to reference McBurnett, K., Villodas, M., Burns, G. L., Hinshaw, S. P., Beaulieu, A., & Pfiffner, L. J. (2014). Structure and validity of sluggish cognitive tempo using an expanded item pool in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42, 37–48. CrossRef McBurnett, K., Villodas, M., Burns, G. L., Hinshaw, S. P., Beaulieu, A., & Pfiffner, L. J. (2014). Structure and validity of sluggish cognitive tempo using an expanded item pool in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42, 37–48. CrossRef
go back to reference McFayden, T., Jarrett, M. A., White, S. W., Scarpa, A., Dahiya, A., & Ollendick, T. H. (2022). Sluggish cognitive tempo in autism spectrum disorder, ADHD, and their comorbidity: Implications for impairment. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent of Psychology, 51, 195–202. CrossRef McFayden, T., Jarrett, M. A., White, S. W., Scarpa, A., Dahiya, A., & Ollendick, T. H. (2022). Sluggish cognitive tempo in autism spectrum disorder, ADHD, and their comorbidity: Implications for impairment. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent of Psychology, 51, 195–202. CrossRef
go back to reference Murray, M. J., Mayes, S. D., & Smith, L. A. (2011). Brief report: Excellent agreement between two brief autism scales (Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder and Social Responsiveness Scale) completed independently by parents and the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41, 1586–1590. CrossRef Murray, M. J., Mayes, S. D., & Smith, L. A. (2011). Brief report: Excellent agreement between two brief autism scales (Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder and Social Responsiveness Scale) completed independently by parents and the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41, 1586–1590. CrossRef
go back to reference Nichols, S., Mahoney, E. M., Sirois, P. A., Bordeaux, J. D., Stehbens, J. A., Loveland, K. A., et al. (2000). HIV-associated changes in adaptive, emotional, and behavioral functioning in children and adolescents with hemophilia: Results from the Hemophilia Growth and Development Study. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 25, 545–556. CrossRef Nichols, S., Mahoney, E. M., Sirois, P. A., Bordeaux, J. D., Stehbens, J. A., Loveland, K. A., et al. (2000). HIV-associated changes in adaptive, emotional, and behavioral functioning in children and adolescents with hemophilia: Results from the Hemophilia Growth and Development Study. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 25, 545–556. CrossRef
go back to reference Pastor, P. N., & Reuben, C. A. (2008). Diagnosed attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and learning disability: United States, 2004–2006. Centers for Disease Control National Center for Health Statistics Office of Analysis and Epidemiology, PHS No. 2008–1565. Pastor, P. N., & Reuben, C. A. (2008). Diagnosed attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and learning disability: United States, 2004–2006. Centers for Disease Control National Center for Health Statistics Office of Analysis and Epidemiology, PHS No. 2008–1565.
go back to reference Penny, A. M., Waschbusch, D. A., Klein, R. M., Corkum, P., & Eskes, G. (2009). Developing a measure of sluggish cognitive tempo for children: Content validity, factor structure, and reliability. Psychological Assessment, 21, 380–389. CrossRef Penny, A. M., Waschbusch, D. A., Klein, R. M., Corkum, P., & Eskes, G. (2009). Developing a measure of sluggish cognitive tempo for children: Content validity, factor structure, and reliability. Psychological Assessment, 21, 380–389. CrossRef
go back to reference Reinvall, O., Kujala, T., Voutilainen, A., Moisio, A., Lahti-Nuuttila, P., & Laasonen, M. (2017). Sluggish cognitive tempo in children and adolescents with higher functioning autism. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 58, 389–399. CrossRef Reinvall, O., Kujala, T., Voutilainen, A., Moisio, A., Lahti-Nuuttila, P., & Laasonen, M. (2017). Sluggish cognitive tempo in children and adolescents with higher functioning autism. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 58, 389–399. CrossRef
go back to reference Saez, B., Servera, M., Becker, S. P., & Burns, G. L. (2019). Optimal items for assessing sluggish cognitive tempo in children across mother, father, and teacher ratings. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 48, 825–839. Saez, B., Servera, M., Becker, S. P., & Burns, G. L. (2019). Optimal items for assessing sluggish cognitive tempo in children across mother, father, and teacher ratings. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 48, 825–839.
go back to reference Servera, M., Saez, B., Burns, G. L., & Becker, S. P. (2018). Clinical differentiation of sluggish cognitive tempo and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 127, 818–829. Servera, M., Saez, B., Burns, G. L., & Becker, S. P. (2018). Clinical differentiation of sluggish cognitive tempo and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 127, 818–829.
go back to reference Skirbek, B., Hansen, B. H., Oerbeck, B., & Kristensen, H. (2011). The relationship between sluggish cognitive tempo, subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and anxiety disorders. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, 513–525. CrossRef Skirbek, B., Hansen, B. H., Oerbeck, B., & Kristensen, H. (2011). The relationship between sluggish cognitive tempo, subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and anxiety disorders. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, 513–525. CrossRef
go back to reference Tamm, L., Brenner, S. B., Bamberger, M. E., & Becker, S. P. (2018). Are sluggish cognitive tempo symptoms associated with executive functioning in preschoolers? Child Neuropsychology, 24, 82–105. CrossRef Tamm, L., Brenner, S. B., Bamberger, M. E., & Becker, S. P. (2018). Are sluggish cognitive tempo symptoms associated with executive functioning in preschoolers? Child Neuropsychology, 24, 82–105. CrossRef
go back to reference Tierney, C., Mayes, S. D., Lohs, S. R., Black, A., Gisin, E., & Veglia, M. (2015). How valid is the Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder when a child has apraxia of speech? Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 36, 569–574.Waschbusch, D. A. (2021). Editorial: A review of sluggish cognitive tempo measures that will benefit researchers and clinicians. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 60, 678–679. Tierney, C., Mayes, S. D., Lohs, S. R., Black, A., Gisin, E., & Veglia, M. (2015). How valid is the Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder when a child has apraxia of speech? Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 36, 569–574.Waschbusch, D. A. (2021). Editorial: A review of sluggish cognitive tempo measures that will benefit researchers and clinicians. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 60, 678–679.
go back to reference Waschbusch, D. A. (2021). Editorial: A review of sluggish cognitive tempo measures that will benefit researchers and clinicians. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 60, 678–679. Waschbusch, D. A. (2021). Editorial: A review of sluggish cognitive tempo measures that will benefit researchers and clinicians. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 60, 678–679.
go back to reference Waxmonsky, J., Mayes, S. D., Calhoun, S. L., Fernandez-Mendoza, J., Waschbusch, D., & Bixler, E. O. (2017). The association between disruptive mood dysregulation disorder symptoms and sleep problems in children with and without ADHD. Sleep Medicine, 37, 180–186. CrossRef Waxmonsky, J., Mayes, S. D., Calhoun, S. L., Fernandez-Mendoza, J., Waschbusch, D., & Bixler, E. O. (2017). The association between disruptive mood dysregulation disorder symptoms and sleep problems in children with and without ADHD. Sleep Medicine, 37, 180–186. CrossRef
go back to reference Willard, V. W., Hardy, K. K., Allen, T. M., Hwang, E. I., Gururangan, S., Hostetter, S. A., & Bonner, M. J. (2013). Sluggish cognitive tempo in survivors of pediatric brain tumors. Journal of Neurooncology, 114, 71–78. CrossRef Willard, V. W., Hardy, K. K., Allen, T. M., Hwang, E. I., Gururangan, S., Hostetter, S. A., & Bonner, M. J. (2013). Sluggish cognitive tempo in survivors of pediatric brain tumors. Journal of Neurooncology, 114, 71–78. CrossRef
go back to reference Willcutt, E. G., Chhabildas, N., Kinnear, M., DeFries, J. C., Olson, R. K., Leopold, D. R., et al. (2014). The internal and external validity of sluggish cognitive tempo and its relation with DSM-IV ADHD. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 42, 21–35. Willcutt, E. G., Chhabildas, N., Kinnear, M., DeFries, J. C., Olson, R. K., Leopold, D. R., et al. (2014). The internal and external validity of sluggish cognitive tempo and its relation with DSM-IV ADHD. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 42, 21–35.
go back to reference Wood, W. L., Potts, H. E., Lewandowski, L. J., & Lovett, B. J. (2017). Sluggish cognitive tempo and speed of performance. Journal of Attention Disorders, 21, 684–690. CrossRef Wood, W. L., Potts, H. E., Lewandowski, L. J., & Lovett, B. J. (2017). Sluggish cognitive tempo and speed of performance. Journal of Attention Disorders, 21, 684–690. CrossRef
go back to reference Zablotsky, B., Black, L. I., & Blumberg, S. J. (2017). Estimated prevalence of children with diagnosed developmental disabilities in the United States, 2014–2016. Centers for Disease Control National Center for Health Statistics, DHHS No. 291. Zablotsky, B., Black, L. I., & Blumberg, S. J. (2017). Estimated prevalence of children with diagnosed developmental disabilities in the United States, 2014–2016. Centers for Disease Control National Center for Health Statistics, DHHS No. 291.
Metagegevens
Titel
Comparison of the Cognitive Disengagement and Hypoactivity Components of Sluggish Cognitive Tempo in Autism, ADHD, and Population-Based Samples of Children
Auteurs
Susan D. Mayes
Stephen P. Becker
Susan L. Calhoun
Daniel A. Waschbusch
Publicatiedatum
01-09-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 1/2023
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-022-00969-3

Andere artikelen Uitgave 1/2023

Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 1/2023 Naar de uitgave