Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The arrest of a parent or other family member can be detrimental to children’s health. To study the impact of exposure to the arrest of a family member on children’s mental health and how said association may change across developmental periods, we examined baseline data for children (birth through 11 years) entering family-based systems of care (SOC). Children exposed to the arrest of a family member had experienced significantly more 5.38 (SD = 2.59) different types of potentially traumatic events (PTE) than children not exposed to arrest 2.84 (SD = 2.56). Multiple regression model results showed that arrest exposure was significantly associated with greater behavioral and emotional challenges after controlling for children’s age, gender, race/ethnicity, household income, caregiver’s education, parenting factors, and other PTE exposure. Further analyses revealed differences in internalizing and externalizing behaviors associated with arrest exposure across developmental levels. This study highlights some of the mental health challenges for children exposed to the arrest of a family member, while adding to our knowledge of how such an event affects children across different developmental periods. More trauma-informed, developmentally appropriate systems need to be in place at all levels to assist children and families experiencing arrest.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Abidin, R. R. (1995). Parenting stress index: professional manual Odessa. FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.
Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2001). Manual for ASEBA school-age forms and profiles. Burlington, VT: Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.
Baker, L. L., & Cunningham, A. J. (2005). Learning to listen, learning to help: understanding woman abuse and its effects on children. Ontario, Canada: Centre for Children & Families in the Justice System.
Baker, L. L., Cunningham, A. J., & Jaffe, P. G. (2004). Future directions in ending domestic violence in the lives of children. In P. G. Jaffe, L. L. Baker, & A. J. Cunningham (Eds.), Protecting children from domestic violence: strategies for community intervention (pp. 221–230). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Begun, A. L., & Rose, S. J. (2011). Programs for children of parents incarcerated for substance-related problems Children of substance-abusing parents: Dynamics and treatment (pp. 243–267). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Co.
Berent, R., Crusto, C. A., Lotyczewski, B. S., Greenberg, S. R., Hightower, A. D., & Kaufman, J. S. (2008). Development and psychometric refinement of a measure assessing young children’s exposure to violence: Parent report of children’s experiences. Best Practices in Mental Health, 4(1), 19–30.
Berry, M., Johnson, T., Severson, M., & Postmus, J. L. (2009). Wives and mothers at risk: The role of marital and maternal status in criminal activity and incarceration. Families in Society, 90(3), 293–300. CrossRef
Bory, C. (personal communication, March 22, 2012). [REACT: Supporting Children when a Caregiver is Arrested].
Bowlby, J. (1977). The making and breaking of affectional bonds. I. Aetiology and psychopathology in the light of attachment theory. An expanded version of the Fiftieth Maudsley Lecture, delivered before the Royal College of Psychiatrists, 19 November 1976. British Journal of Psychiatry, 130(3), 201. PubMedCrossRef
Community Mental Health Services. (2005). Data manual. Phase IV of the CMHS national evaluation. Washington, DC: US Department of Health & Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
Cook, J. R., & Kilmer, R. P. (Eds.) (2010). Defining the scope of systems of care: An ecological perspective. Evaluation and Program Planning, 33, 18–20. doi: 10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2009.05.006.
Costello, E. J., Pescosolido, B., Angold, A., & Burns, B. (1998). A family network-based model of access to child mental health services. Research in Community Mental Health, 9, 165–190.
Crusto, C. A., Whitson, M. L., Walling, S. M., Feinn, R., Friedman, S. R., Reynolds, J., et al. (2010). Posttraumatic stress among young urban children exposed to family violence and other potentially traumatic events. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 23(6), 716–724. doi: 10.1002/jts.20590. PubMedCrossRef
Dowd, K., Kinsey, S., Wheeless, S., Thissen, R., Richardson, J., & Suresh, R. (2003). National survey of child and adolescent well-being: Combined waves 1–3 data file user’s manual. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University.
Drotar, D., Flannery, D., Day, E., Friedman, S., Creeden, R., Gartland, H., et al. (2003). Identifying and responding to the mental health service needs of children who have experienced violence: A community-based approach. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 8(2), 187–202. CrossRef
Felitti, V. J., Anda, R. F., Nordenberg, D., Williamson, D. F., Spitz, A. M., Edwards, V., et al. (1998). Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults: The adverse childhood experiences (ACE) study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 14(4), 245–258. PubMedCrossRef
Ford, J. D., Racusin, R., Ellis, C. G., Daviss, W. B., Reiser, J., Fleischer, A., et al. (2000). Child maltreatment, other trauma exposure, and posttraumatic symptomatology among children with oppositional defiant and attention deficit hyperactivity disorders. [Research Support, Non-US Gov’t]. Child Maltreatment, 5(3), 205–217. PubMedCrossRef
Ghosh-Ippen, C., Ford, J., Racusin, R., Acker, M., Bosquet, K., Rogers, C., et al. (2002). Traumatic events screening inventory—parent report revised. San Francisco, CA: The Child Trauma Research Project of the Early Trauma Network and The National Center for PTSD Dartmouth Child Trauma Research Group.
Glaze, L. E., & Maruschak, L. M. (2008). Parents in prison and their minor children. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report.
Johnston, D. (1992). Report no. 6: Children of offenders. Pasadena, CA: The Center for Children of Incarcerated parents.
Kinner, S. A. (2007). Do paternal arrest and imprisonment lead to child behaviour problems and substance use? A longitudinal analysis. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 48(11), 1148. CrossRef
Kolko, D. J., Herschell, A. D., Costello, A. H., & Kolko, R. P. (2009). Child welfare recommendations to improve mental health services for children who have experienced abuse and neglect: a national perspective. [Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural]. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 36(1), 50–62. doi: 10.1007/s10488-008-0202-y. PubMedCrossRef
Kolko, D. J., Hurlburt, M. S., Zhang, J., Barth, R. P., Leslie, L. K., & Burns, B. J. (2010). Posttraumatic stress symptoms in children and adolescents referred for child welfare investigation. A national sample of in-home and out-of-home care. [Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural Research Support, U.S. Gov’t, Non-P.H.S.]. Child Maltreatment, 15(1), 48–63. doi: 10.1177/1077559509337892. PubMedCrossRef
Lieberman, A. F., & Knorr, K. (2007). The impact of trauma: A development framework for infancy and early childhood. Psychiatric Annals, 37, 416–422.
Lundy, M., & Grossman, S. F. (2005). The mental health and service needs of young children exposed to domestic violence: Supportive data. Families in Society, 86, 17–29. CrossRef
Marans, S., Adnopoz, J., Berkman, M., Esserman, D., MacDonald, D., Nagler, S., et al. (1995). The police-mental health partnership: A community-based response to urban violence. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Marans, S., & Berkman, M. (2006). Police-mental health collaboration on behalf of children exposed to violence the Child Development- Community Policing program model. In A. Lightburn & P. Sessions (Eds.), Handbook of community-based clinical practice (pp. 426–439). Cary, NC: Oxford University Press.
Murray, J., & Farrington, D. P. (2005b). Parental imprisonment: Effects on boys’ antisocial behaviour and delinquency through the life-course. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 46(12), 1269. CrossRef
Neville, K. R. (2009). Forgotten children: Law enforcement agencies, child protective services, and children of arrested parents in Michigan. McNair Scholars Research Journal, 2(1), Article 13.
Nolan, C. M. (2003). Children of arrested parents: Strategies to improve their safety and well- being. Sacramento, CA: California Research Bureau, California State Library.
Osofsky, J. D. (1999). The impact of violence on children. The Future of Children, 3, 33–49. CrossRef
Perry, D. F., Kaufmann, R. K., & Knitzer, J. (2007). Social & emotional health in early childhood. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co.
Phillips, S. D., Erkanli, A., Keeler, G., Costello, E. J., & Angold, A. (2006). Disentangling the risks: Parent criminal justice involvement and children’s exposure to family risks. Criminology & Public Policy, 5(4), 677–702. CrossRef
Phillips, S. D., & Zhao, J. A. (2010). The relationship between witnessing arrests and elevated symptoms of posttraumatic stress: Findings from a national study of children involved in the child welfare system. Children and Youth Services Review, 32(10), 1246–1254. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2010.04.015. CrossRef
Puddefoot, G., & Foster, L. K. (2007). Keeping children safe when their parents are arrested: Local approaches that work. Sacramento, CA: California Research Bureau, California State Library.
Pumariega, A. J., & Winters, N. C. (Eds.). (2003). The handbook of child and adolescent systems of care: The new community psychiatry. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Sameroff, A. J. (2000). Dialectical processes in developmental psychopathology. In A. Sameroff, M. Lewis & S. Miller (Eds.), Handbook of developmental psychopathology (Vol. 2nd ed, pp. 23–40). New York, NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
SPSS Inc. (2010). SPSS base 19.0 for window’s user’s guide. Chicago, IL: SPSS, Inc.
StataCorp. (2011). Stata statistical software: release 12. College Station, TX: StataCorp LP.
Stroul, B. A., & Friedman, R. M. (1986). A system of care for seriously emotionally distrubed children and youth. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Child Development Center.
Taylor, N., Wilson, C., & Igelman, R. (2006). In pursuit of a more trauma-informed child welfare system. APSAC Advisor, 18(2), 4–9.
Wildeman, C. (2010). Paternal incarceration and children’s physically aggressive behaviors: Evidence from the fragile families and child wellbeing study. Social Forces, 89(1), 285–310. CrossRef
Young, D. S., & Smith, C. J. (2000). When moms are incarcerated: The needs of children, mothers, and caregivers. Families in Society, 81(2), 130–141. CrossRef
- Children Exposed to the Arrest of a Family Member: Associations with Mental Health
Yvonne Humenay Roberts
Frank J. Snyder
Joy S. Kaufman
Meghan K. Finley
Cindy A. Crusto
- Springer US