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12-05-2017 | Original Paper | Uitgave 10/2017

Journal of Child and Family Studies 10/2017

Childhood Adversity and Children’s Academic Functioning: Roles of Parenting Stress and Neighborhood Support

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies > Uitgave 10/2017
Auteurs:
Tony Xing Tan, Yan Wang, Adryona D. Ruggerio

Abstract

Existing research has shown that adverse childhood experiences from family instability and lack of safety increase children’s risk for poor academic functioning. A recent conceptual framework, however, has emphasized the need to investigate how parenting might mediate while community context might moderate the association between childhood adversity and children’s cognitive development. In the current study, we tested the roles of parenting stress and neighborhood support in the association between cumulative childhood adversity and children’s current academic functioning. We conducted a secondary data analysis on the subsample of school-aged children (i.e., 6–17 years old; N = 65,680) from the 2011–2012 United States National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH). The parent provided telephone survey data on six types of adversity (e.g., parent’s divorce) that the target child experienced, parenting stress, neighborhood support, as well as the child’s academic functioning. Controlling for the child’s age, gender, ethnicity, and the parent’s education level, structural equation modeling (SEM) revealed a significant moderated mediating effect: parenting stress partially mediated the association between history of childhood adversity and children’s current academic functioning (β = −1.760, p < 0.001), while neighborhood support moderated the association between parenting stress (β = 0.492, p < 0.001) and academic functioning.

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