Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Social identities, as those pertaining to religion, may change over time as adolescents make the important transition into young adulthood. This 4-year longitudinal study examined developmental changes in religious affiliation, identity, and participation across the transition from adolescence to young adulthood among 584 individuals (from M age = 17.9 years to M age = 22.1 years; 55 % female). We also investigated whether changes varied as a function of individual (i.e., gender and ethnicity) and contextual (i.e., college type and residential status) factors, as well as the association between religiosity and well-being (e.g., meaning and purpose in life, depressive symptoms). The results indicated a significant decline in reported affiliation with a particular religious group or faith for all youth. The change in a psychological sense of religious identity varied by gender, and the change in religious participation differed by ethnicity, but other individual-difference factors generally played minor roles in the changes in religiosity across time. Religiosity was more consistently linked with a greater sense of meaning and purpose than with fewer depressive symptoms across the transition to adulthood, suggesting that it may be particularly important for eudaimonic well-being. Overall, the findings suggest that youth generally experience a decrease in religiosity as they transition to young adulthood, but this rate of change may vary between individuals. The results have important implications for the way in which religion is viewed and lived out by young adults in the United States.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Arnett, J. J. (2011). Emerging adulthood(s): The cultural psychology of a new life stage. In L. A. Jensen (Ed.), Bridging cultural and developmental approaches to psychology: New syntheses in theory, research, and policy (pp. 255–275). New York: Oxford University Press.
Barry, C. M., & Abo-Zena, M. M. (2014). Emerging adults’ religiousness and spirituality: Meaning-making in an age of transition. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Bock, W. E., Beeghley, L., & Mixon, A. J. (1983). Religion, socioeconomic status, and sexual morality: An application of reference group theory. The Sociological Quarterly, 24(4), 545–559. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/4106024.
Bryk, A. S., & Raudenbush, S. W. (1992). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Côté, J. E. (2009). Identity formation and self-development in adolescence. In R. M. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (Vol. 1). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Davies, T. G., & Casey, K. (1999). Transfer student experiences: Comparing their academic and social lives at the community college and university. College Student Journal, 33(1), 60–71.
Denham, S. A., Neal, K., & Bassett, H. H. (2004). “You hurt my feelings pretty bad”: Parents’ and children’s emotions as contributors to the development of forgiveness. Paper presented at the biennial Conference on Human Development, Washington, DC.
Fuligni, A. J. (2011). Social identity, motivation, and well being among adolescents from Asian and Latin American backgrounds. In G. Carlo, N. J. Crockett & M. Carranza (Eds.), Health disparities in youth and families: Research and applications. Nebraska symposium on motivation (Vol. 57, pp. 97–120). New York, NY: Springer.
Furrow, J. L., King, P. E., & White, K. (2004). Religion and positive youth development: Identity, meaning, and prosocial concerns. Applied Developmental Science, 8(1), 17–26. doi: 10.1207/S1532480XADS0801_3.
Goldscheider, F., & Goldscheider, C. (1994). Leaving and returning home in 20th century America. Population Bulletin, 48, 1–35.
Juang, L., & Syed, M. (2008). Ethnic identity and spirituality. In R. M. Lerner, R. W. Roeser, & E. Phelps (Eds.), Positive youth development and spirituality: From theory to research (pp. 262–284). West Conshohocken, PA: Templeton Foundation Press.
King, P.E. (2003). The role of ideological, social, and spiritual contexts. Applied Developmental Science, 7(3), 197–204. doi: 10.1207/S1532480XADS0703_11.
King, P. E., & Boyatzis, C. J. (2004). Exploring adolescent spiritual and religious development: Current and future theoretical and empirical perspectives. Applied Developmental Science, 8(1), 2–6. doi: 10.1207/S1532480XADS0801_1.
King, P. E., & Roeser, R. W. (2009). Religion and spirituality in adolescent development. In R. M. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (pp. 435–478). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Loewenthal, K. M., MacLeod, A. K., & Cinnirella, M. (2002). Are women more religious than men? Gender differences in religious activity among different religious groups in the UK. Personality and Individual Differences, 32, 133–139. CrossRef
Madsen, G. E., & Vernon, G. M. (1983). Maintaining the faith during college: A study of campus religious group participation. Review of Religious Research, 25, 127–141. CrossRef
Nelson, L. J., Padilla-Walker, L. M., Carroll, J. S., Madsen, S. D., Barry, C. M., & Badger, S. (2007). ‘If you want me to treat you like an adult, start acting like one!’ Comparing the criteria that emerging adults and their parents have for adulthood. Journal of Family Psychology, 21(4), 665–674. doi: 10.1037/0893-3126.96.36.1995.
Petts, R. J. (2009). Trajectories of religious participation from adolescence to young adulthood. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 48(3), 552–571. CrossRef
Pew Research Center. (2008). U.S. religious landscape survey. Retrieved from http://religions.pewforum.org/reports.
Pew Research Center. (2010). Religion among the Millennials. Retrieved from http://www.pewforum.org/2010/02/17/religion-among-the-millennials/.
Tanner, J. L., & Arnett, J. J. (2009). The emergence of 'emerging adulthood.' In A. Furlong (Ed.), Handbook of youth and young adulthood (pp. 39–45). New York: Routledge.
Tyler, T. R., & Degoey, P. (1995). Collective restraint in social dilemmas: Procedural justice and social identification effects on support for authorities. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69(3), 482–497. CrossRef
Yonker, J. E., Schnabelrauch, C. A., & DeHaan, L. G. (2012). The relationship between spirituality and religiosity on psychological outcomes in adolescents and emerging adults: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Adolescence, 35(2), 299–314. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2011.08.010. PubMedCrossRef
- Changes in Religiosity Across the Transition to Young Adulthood
Kim M. Tsai
Andrew J. Fuligni
- Springer US