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01-12-2013 | Uitgave 4/2013

Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 4/2013

Behavioral and Psychophysiological Responsiveness During Child Feeding in Mothers with Histories of Eating Disorders: A Pilot Study

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment > Uitgave 4/2013
Auteurs:
Elizabeth R. Hoffman, Eric A. Hodges, Cathi Propper, Pamela L. Postage, Elana C. Zipkin, Margaret E. Bentley, Dianne S. Ward, Robert M. Hamer, Cynthia M. Bulik

Abstract

The aim of this pilot project was to describe maternal responsiveness during child feeding in mothers with eating disorder histories through the combined use of observational, self-report, and physiologic methods. For this non-randomized cohort pilot study, 25 mothers with histories of eating disorders and 25 mothers with no history of an eating disorder with children ages 6–36 months were selected such that the groups were similar based on child age group (within 6 months) and child sex. Maternal behavioral responsiveness to child cues was assessed by video-recording and behavioral coding of both a free-play and feeding episode. Physiologic engagement was assessed through measurement of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) reactivity during free-play and feeding episodes. No differences were detected in observed behavioral responsiveness during feeding or free-play in mothers with eating disorder histories compared with controls. Mothers with eating disorder histories did report more parenting stress, increased anxiety, and exhibited a blunted physiologic stress response (less RSA reactivity) during both feeding and free-play interactions with their children. These results support future larger-scale investigations of RSA reactivity in mothers with eating disorders.

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