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Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 3/2023

04-01-2022 | Original Article

Association Between Children’s Empathy and Depression: The Moderating Role of Social Preference

Auteurs: Dan Cui, Lisha Liu, Yanfang Li

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 3/2023

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Abstract

Although empathy is typically an adaptive characteristic of children, extreme empathy alone or in combination with a negative environment may contribute to a risk of depression. The present study comprehensively investigated the associations between the three constructs of empathy and depression in children, as well as the potential moderating effect of peer relationships (i.e., social preference) on this association. A total of 1223 children (mean age = 10.50 ± .93 years) completed questionnaires on empathy and depression, and social preference was nominated by their peers. Cognitive empathy and positive empathy exerted a positive quadratic effect on depression, while negative empathy had a positive linear association with depression. For children with a low social preference, all three empathy constructs were positively quadratically correlated with depression, extremely high and low empathy were associated with increased depression, and moderate empathy was associated with the lowest level of depression. For children with a high social preference, higher positive empathy was associated with lower depression.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Association Between Children’s Empathy and Depression: The Moderating Role of Social Preference
Auteurs
Dan Cui
Lisha Liu
Yanfang Li
Publicatiedatum
04-01-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 3/2023
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-021-01312-5

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