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24-11-2018 | Uitgave 3/2019

Quality of Life Research 3/2019

Assessing the measurement invariance of the RCADS-25 questionnaire across gender and child–parent dyads in the presence of multilevel data

Tijdschrift:
Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 3/2019
Auteurs:
Zahra Bagheri, Mahsa Akbari, Peyman Jafari, Tania B. Huedo-medina

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to assess the measurement invariance of the short version of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS-25) across male and female adolescents along with child self-reports and parent proxy-reports.

Methods

The sample consisted of 2039 adolescents and their parents from 51 public and private schools in Shiraz (southern Iran). The measurement invariance of the RCADS-25 was investigated by the multilevel multiple-indicators multiple-causes model. In addition, the reliability of the questionnaire was examined by Cronbach’s alpha coefficient, and its validity was evaluated by exploratory and categorical confirmatory factor analysis.

Results

Although the RCADS-25 includes five (20%) non-invariant items across male and female adolescents, their impact is negligible at the scale level. In addition, 10 out of 25 items (40%) were non-invariant across self- and proxy-reports, which did not have substantial effect at the scale level.

Conclusion

Based on our findings, the instrument can be used, albeit with caution, for comparing depression and anxiety scores between male and female adolescents as well as child self-reports and parent proxy-reports.

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