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18-01-2022 | Original Article

Are There Long-Term Effects of Behavior Therapy for Adolescent ADHD? A Qualitative Study

Auteurs: Margaret H. Sibley, Christopher R. Shelton, Ilan Garcia, Jessica M. Monroy, Devin M. Hill, Margaret Johansson, Kara Link, Lydia Greenwood, Gissell Torres Antunez, Juan Carlos Reyes Francisco

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development

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Abstract

We utilized qualitative methodology to characterize potential long-term effects (therapeutic and iatrogenic) of behavior therapy for adolescents with ADHD. Forty-two in-depth interviews were conducted with adolescents with ADHD and parents, 4 years post-treatment. Grounded theory methods identified and reported prevalence of themes. All reported long-term effects were classified as benefits; no iatrogenic effects were noted. Long-term impact themes reported for a majority of participants included: development of organization skills (81.0%), enhanced motivation (57.1%), improved self-awareness (57.1%), improved parental knowledge of ADHD (76.2%), increased parent autonomy granting (61.9%), enhanced parental engagement with the youth (52.4%), and improved parent-teen relationships (52.4%). Fourteen themes were present for smaller subsamples, including reduced need for medication (3 of 9 medicated participants). Experimental studies of behavior therapy for adolescent ADHD should measure themes detected herein and directly test the possibility of long-term treatment effects.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Are There Long-Term Effects of Behavior Therapy for Adolescent ADHD? A Qualitative Study
Auteurs
Margaret H. Sibley
Christopher R. Shelton
Ilan Garcia
Jessica M. Monroy
Devin M. Hill
Margaret Johansson
Kara Link
Lydia Greenwood
Gissell Torres Antunez
Juan Carlos Reyes Francisco
Publicatiedatum
18-01-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-021-01294-4