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Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 4/2023

19-01-2022 | Original Article

Piloting Smartphone Digital Phenotyping to Understand Problematic Internet Use in an Adolescent and Young Adult Sample

Auteurs: Meredith Gansner, Melanie Nisenson, Vanessa Lin, Nicholas Carson, John Torous

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 4/2023

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Abstract

Problematic Internet use (PIU) preferentially affects youth development, particularly youth with psychiatric conditions. Studies attempting to understand PIU and its impact on adolescent mental health have been limited by cross-sectional design and self-report data. Even with a small sample size, digital phenotyping (DP) methodology can address these limitations through repeated sampling and collection of survey and sensor data through personal smartphones. This study pilots a 6-week DP protocol in 28 youth in mental health treatment in order to assess relationships between PIU, mood symptoms, and daily behaviors like smartphone engagement and daily travel in this high-risk population. Our results found shared associations between depression and PIU, where symptom severity of both worsened in the setting of decreased smartphone engagement. These clinically relevant findings indicate that, rather than uniformly worsening mental health, increased digital engagement may actually provide short-term relief from negative affect in youth with psychiatric comorbidities.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Piloting Smartphone Digital Phenotyping to Understand Problematic Internet Use in an Adolescent and Young Adult Sample
Auteurs
Meredith Gansner
Melanie Nisenson
Vanessa Lin
Nicholas Carson
John Torous
Publicatiedatum
19-01-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 4/2023
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-022-01313-y

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