Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Distress intolerance is an important motivator of maladaptive avoidance-based coping strategies. The selection of such avoidance behaviors is also influenced by one’s access to alternative emotion regulatory strategies. However, little research has examined the relative contributions of these vulnerability factors to avoidance. This study examined whether distress intolerance and access to emotion regulation strategies were uniquely (additively or interactively) associated with self-reported avoidance. Two samples—an unselected sample (n = 300) and a clinical sample (n = 100)—comprised of patients seeking treatment for unipolar mood and/or anxiety disorders were administered measures of distress intolerance, emotion regulation, and avoidance. Results of linear regression analyses indicated that distress intolerance and access to emotion regulation strategies were uniquely and additively associated with avoidance. Implications for the prevention and treatment of psychological disorders are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Bornovalova, M. A., Gratz, K. L., Daughters, S. B., Hunt, E. D., & Lejuez, C. W. (in press). Initial RCT of a distress tolerance treatment for individuals with substance use disorders. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.09.012.
Cochrane, A., Barnes-Holmes, D., Barnes-Holmes, Y., Stewart, I., & Luciano, C. (2007). Experiential avoidance and aversive visual images: Response delays and event-related potentials on a simple matching task. Behaviour Research and Therapy,45, 1379–1388. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2006.05.010. PubMedCrossRef
Gonzalez, A., Vujanovic, A. A., Johnson, K. A., Leyro, T. M., & Zvolensky, M. J. (2009). The role of mindful attention in regard to the relation between negative affect reduction outcome expectancies and emotional vulnerability among adult cigarette smokers. Cognitive Therapy and Research,33, 645–656. doi: 10.1007/s10608-009-9246-x. CrossRef
Gratz, K. L., & Roemer, L. (2004). Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation and dysregulation: Development, factor structure, and initial validation of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment,26, 41–54. doi: 10.1023/B:JOBA.0000007455.08539.94. CrossRef
Harrington, N. (2005). The Frustration Discomfort Scale: Development and psychometric properties. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy,12, 374–387. CrossRef
Hayes, S. C., Strosahl, K., Wilson, K. G., Bissett, R. T., Pistorello, J., Toarmino, D., et al. (2004). Measuring experiential avoidance: A preliminary test of a working model. Psychological Record,54, 553–578.
Hinton, D. E., Hofmann, S. G., Pollack, M. H., & Otto, M. W. (2009). Mechanisms of efficacy of CBT for Cambodian refugees with PTSD: Improvement in emotion regulation and orthostatic blood pressure response. CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics,15, 255–263. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-5949.2009.00100.x. CrossRef
Linehan, M. M., Comtois, K. A., Murray, A. M., Brown, M. Z., Gallop, R. J., Heard, H. L., et al. (2006). Two-year randomized controlled trial and follow-up of dialectical behavior therapy vs therapy by experts for suicidal behaviors and borderline personality disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 63, 757–766. doi: 10.1001/archpsyc.63.7.757.
McHugh, R. K., & Otto, M. W. (in press). Refining the measurement of distress intolerance. Behavior Therapy. doi: 10.1016/j.beth.2011.12.001.
Peterson, R. A., & Reiss, S. (1992). Anxiety Sensitivity Index revised manual. Worthington, OH: International Diagnostic Systems Publishing Corporation.
Vujanovic, A. A., Bonn-Miller, M. O., Potter, C. M., Marshall, E. C., & Zvolensky, M. J. (2011a). An evaluation of the relation between distress tolerance and posttraumatic stress within a trauma-exposed sample. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment,33, 129–135. doi: 10.1007/s10862-010-9209-2. PubMedCrossRef
- An Examination of the Association of Distress Intolerance and Emotion Regulation with Avoidance
R. Kathryn McHugh
Elizabeth K. Reynolds
Teresa M. Leyro
Michael W. Otto
- Springer US