Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This study evaluated the capacity of the Willingness Scale (WS) to predict changes in depression over the course of a brief inpatient admission. Two cohorts (N = 160) of adult inpatients completed the Willingness Scale along with a measure of depression following admission. Depression severity was assessed approximately 4 days later, prior to discharge. Data were evaluated using structural equation modeling. Higher WS scores predicted greater reductions in depression in both cohorts, and the magnitude of this effect was large. The fits of the models were outstanding, with no significant differences in any parameter estimates across the two cohorts. The WS predicts changes in depression, even within a brief inpatient admission where the treatment is predominantly biological. These results replicate results of previous studies in outpatient populations where CBT was the primary treatment and suggest motivational factors may play an important role in causation and recovery from depression.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Arbuckle, J. (1994). Analysis of moment structures. Psychometrika,59, 135–137. CrossRef
Arbuckle, J. (1996). Full information estimation in the presence of incomplete data. In G. A. Marcoulides & R. E. Schumacker (Eds.), Advanced structural equation modeling: Issues and techniques. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Arkowitz, H., Westra, H. A., Miller, W. R., & Rollnick, S. (2008). Motivational interviewing in the treatment of psychological problems. New York: Guilford Press.
Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: W. H. Freeman and Company.
Barrett, P. (2007). Structural equation modeling: Adjusting model fit. Personality and Individual Differences,42(5), 815–824. CrossRef
Beutler, L. E., Rocco, F., Moleiro, C. M., & Talebi, H. (2001). Resistance. Psychotherapy,38, 431–436. CrossRef
Brogan, M. M., Prochaska, M. O., & Prochaska, J. M. (1999). Predicting termination and continuation status in psychotherapy using the transtheoretical model. Psychotherapy,36, 105–113. CrossRef
Burnett, D. M. (2008). The psychometric properties of the EASY diagnostic system for the diagnosis of major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder: A pilot study. Dissertation presented to the faculty of the PGSP-Stanford Consortium in partial fulfillment for the degree of Doctor of Psychology. Palo Alto, CA: author.
Burns, D. D. (1997, 2006). Therapist’s toolkit: 1997 upgrade; 2006 upgrade. Los Altos Hills: Author.
Burns, D. D. (2005a). Strategies for therapeutic success. Los Altos Hills: Author.
Burns, D. D. (2005b). The EASY diagnostic system. Los Altos Hills: Author.
Burns, D. D. (2007). The revised EASY diagnostic system. Los Altos Hills: Author.
Burns, D. D., Shaw, B. F., & Crocker, W. (1987). Thinking styles and coping strategies of depressed women: An empirical investigation. Behavior Research and Therapy,25(3), 223–225. CrossRef
Burns, D. D., & Spangler, D. (2001). Can we confirm our theories? Can we measure causal effects? A reply to Kazantzis et al. (2001). Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,69(6), 1084–1086. CrossRef
Engle, D. E., & Arkowitz, H. (2006). Ambivalence in psychotherapy: Facilitating readiness to change. New York: Guilford Press.
First, M. B., Gibbon, M., Spitzer, R. L., Williams, J. B. W., & Benjamin, L. S. (1997). The structured clinical interview for DSM-III-R personality disorders (SCID-II). Washington, DC: American psychiatric Press, Inc.
First, M. B., Spitzer, R. L., Gibbon, M., & Williams, J. B. W. (2002). Structured clinical interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I disorders—Patient edition. New York: Biometrics Research Department, New York State Psychiatric Institute.
Frank, J. D., & Frank, J. B. (1991). Persuasion and healing: A comparative study of psychotherapy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Helbig, S., & Fehm, L. (2004). Problems with homework in CBT: Rare exception or rather frequent? Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy,32(3), 291–301. CrossRef
Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (2006). LISREL 8.80 for windows [computer software]. Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International, Inc.
Kampman, M., Keijsers, G. P. J., Hoogduin, C. A. L., & Hendriks, G. J. (2008). Outcome prediction of cognitive behaviour therapy for panic disorder: Initial symptom severity is predictive for treatment outcome, comorbid anxiety or depressive disorder, cluster C personality disorders and initial motivation are not. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy,36, 99–112. CrossRef
Kazantzis, N., Deane, F. P., & Ronan, K. R. (2000). Homework assignments in cognitive and behavioral therapy: A meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice,7, 189–202. CrossRef
Kazantzis, N., Deane, F. P., Ronan, K. R., & L’Abate, L. (2005). Using homework assignments in cognitive behavior therapy. New York: Routledge/Taylor.
Kazantzis, N., & Ronan, K. R. (2006). Can between-session homework activities be considered a common factor in psychotherapy? Journal of Psychotherapy Integration,16(2), 115–127. CrossRef
Keene, M. S. (2005). Confusion and complaints: The true cost of noncompliance in antidepressant therapy. Medscape Psychiatry and Mental Health, 10(2). Retrieved on December 21, 2005 from http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/518273.
Keijsers, G. P. J., Hoogduin, C. A. L., & Schaap, C. P. D. R. (1994a). Prognostic factors in the behavioral treatment of panic disorder with and without agoraphobia. Behavior Therapy,25, 689–708. CrossRef
Keijsers, G. P. J., Kampman, M., & Hoogduin, C. A. L. (2001). Dropout prediction in cognitive behavior therapy for panic disorder. Behavior Therapy,32, 739–749. CrossRef
Leamer, E. (1985). Sensitivity analyses would help. American Economic Review,75, 308–313.
Leventhal, H., Diefenbach, M., & Leventhal, E. A. (1992). Illness cognition: Using common sense to understand treatment adherence and affect cognition interactions. Cognitive Therapy and Research,16, 143–163. CrossRef
Marr, I. B. (May, 2000). Concurrent validation of the burns depression inventory (burns- D). Submitted to the Graduate School of Eastern Kentucky University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science.
Miller, W. R., & Rollnick, S. (2002). Motivational interviewing: Preparing people for change (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
Neimeyer, R. A., Kazantzis, M., Kassler, D. M., Baker, K. D., & Fletcher, R. (2008). Group cognitive behavioural therapy for depression outcomes predicted by willingness to engage in homework, compliance with homework, and cognitive restructuring skill acquisition. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy,37(4), 199–215. PubMedCrossRef
Orlinsky, D. E., Grawe, K., & Parks, B. K. (1994). Process and outcome in psychotherapy: Noch einmal. In A. E. Bergin & S. L. Garfield (Eds.), Handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change (4th ed., pp. 270–376). Oxford: Wiley.
Sekirnjak, G. C., & Beal, D. (1999). Concurrent validation of the burns depression checklist. Presented at the annual meeting of the association for the advancement of behavior therapy, Toronto, Canada.
Westra, H. A., & Dozois, D. J. A. (2006). Preparing clients for cognitive behavioral therapy: A randomized pilot study of motivational interviewing for anxiety. Cognitive Therapy and Research,30(4), 481–498. CrossRef
Westra, H. A., Dozois, D. J. A., & Boardman, C. (2002). Correlates of treatment change and engagement in cognitive behavioural group therapy for depression. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly,16, 227–241. CrossRef
Wothke, W. (2000). Longitudinal and multigroup modeling with missing data. In T. D. Little, K. U. Schnabel, & J. Baumert (Eds.), Modeling longitudinal and multilevel data: Practical issues, applied approaches and specific examples (pp. 219–240). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.
Zuroff, D. C., Koestner, R., Moskowitz, D. S., McBride, C., Marshall, M., & Bagby, R. M. (2007). Autonomous motivation for therapy: A new common factor in brief treatments for depression. Psychotherapy Research,17(2), 137–147. CrossRef
- Motivation and Changes in Depression
- Springer US