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Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 4/2022

23-06-2021 | Original Article

Age-related post-error slowing and stimulus repetition effect in motor inhibition during a stop-signal task

Auteurs: Howard Muchen Hsu, Shulan Hsieh

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 4/2022

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Abstract

This study aims to investigate how older adults react to a failed-inhibition error while performing a stop-signal task. That is, whether elderly people would exhibit enlarged post-error slowing and whether such slowing revealed an adaptive process, maladaptive process, or a mixture of maladaptive followed by adaptive processes. This study also addresses if the post-error process might further interact with a stimulus repetition effect based on the memory retrieval explanation. A group of 34 younger adults (age range 20–30 years) and a group of 34 older adults (age range 60–80 years) were included for the analyses. The results of the current study supported a mixture model by showing that older adults exhibited a larger post-error slowing than younger adults, and their post-error slowing was initially accompanied by deceased accuracy that then increased on the subsequent trial. Furthermore, such post-error slowing on older adults only occurred in the trial condition where the stimulus was repeated from the previous trial suggesting a memory-based process (a form of negative priming) involved in post-error processes. The implication of the current finding is that older adults might maintain the ability to detect and monitor the response error, yet their post-error adjustment might require a much longer time to start functioning well after the initial detrimental orienting response to the error and the entire process was memory-based.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Age-related post-error slowing and stimulus repetition effect in motor inhibition during a stop-signal task
Auteurs
Howard Muchen Hsu
Shulan Hsieh
Publicatiedatum
23-06-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 4/2022
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-021-01551-0