Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

11-12-2015 | Uitgave 6/2016

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 6/2016

Age and Social Context Modulate the Effect of Anxiety on Risk-taking in Pediatric Samples

Tijdschrift:
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology > Uitgave 6/2016
Auteurs:
Dana Rosen, Nilam Patel, Nevia Pavletic, Christian Grillon, Daniel S. Pine, Monique Ernst
Belangrijke opmerkingen

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10802-015-0098-4) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Although risk-taking has been studied from a developmental perspective, no study has examined how anxiety, age, risk-valence and social context interact to modulate decision-making in youths. This study probes this question using a risk-taking task, the Stunt Task, in clinically anxious children (n = 17, 10 F, age = 8.3–12.1 years), healthy children (n = 13, 4 F, age = 9.3–12.2 years), clinically anxious adolescents (n = 18, 6 F, age = 12.3–17.7 years), and healthy adolescents (n =14, 10 F, age = 12.5–17.3 years). Social context was manipulated: in one condition, participants were led to believe that a group of peers were observing and judging their performance (peer-judge), while, in the other condition, they were led to believe that peers were not observing them (control). Only anxious children showed an influence of social context on their risk-taking behavior. Specifically, anxious children bet significantly less and had slower reaction times (RT) during the peer-judge than control condition. However, across social conditions, risk-valence modulated RT differently in function of age and diagnosis. Anxious children were slower on the positive-valence risky trial, whereas anxious adolescents were slower on the negative-valence risky trials relative to their respective healthy peers. In conclusion, clinically anxious children were the only group that was sensitive (risk-averse) to the effect of a negative peer-judge context. The negative peer-judge context did not affect risky decision-making in adolescents, whether they were anxious or healthy. Future work using a stronger aversive social context might be more effective at influencing risky behavior in this age group.

Log in om toegang te krijgen

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Extra materiaal
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
Over dit artikel

Andere artikelen Uitgave 6/2016

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 6/2016 Naar de uitgave