Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The evaluation conducted for the original study was supported through funding from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Association. The findings and conclusions in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of SAMHSA.
The current study draws upon ecodevelopmental theory to identify protective and risk factors that may influence emotional distress during adolescence. Hierarchical regression analyses were used to examine the relationship among family obligations, school connectedness and emotional distress of 4,198 (51% female) middle and high school students who were primarily (59%) European American. The overall model explained 21.1% of the variance in student emotional distress. A significant interaction effect was found indicating that school connectedness moderated the relationship between family obligations and emotional distress. Specifically, for students with low to moderate levels of family obligations, a stronger sense of school connectedness was associated with lower emotional distress. The buffering effect of school connectedness was weakened as the level of family obligations increased and completely disappeared for students who experienced high levels of family obligations. The creation of a program that takes a holistic approach, in order to curtail the levels of highly emotionally distressed adolescents, must continue to address the ever changing demands that adolescents encounter and prepare youth to deal with functioning within multiple contexts and do so while maintaining emotional well-being.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Anderman, E. M. (2002). School effects on psychological outcomes during adolescence. Journal of Educational Psychology, 94(4), 795–809. CrossRef
Bhatia, S. K., & Bhatia, S. C. (2007). Childhood and adolescent depression. American Family Physician, 75(1), 73–80. Retrieved from http://www.aafp.org/afp.
CSAP Core Measures Initiative Recommendations. (2003). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. Current Access: http://www.activeguidellc.com/cmi/menu_frameset.htm.
Dahlbert, L. L., Toal, S. B., Swahn, M., & Behrens, C. B. (2005). Measuring violence-related attitudes, behaviors, and influences among youths: A compendium of assessment tools (2nd ed.). Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control.
Elizur, Y., Spivak, A., Ofran, S., & Jacobs, S. (2007). A gender-moderated model of family relationships and adolescent. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 36(3), 430–441. PubMed
Kerr, S., Johnson, V. K., Gans, S. E., & Krumrine, J. (2004). Predicting adjustment during the transition to college: Alexithymia, perceived stress, and psychological symptoms. Journal of College Student Development, 45(6), 593–611. CrossRef
McGraw, K., Moore, S., Fuller, A., & Bates, G. (2008). Family, peer, and school connectedness in final year secondary students. Australian Psychologist, 43(1), 27–37. CrossRef
Nuffield Foundation. (2004). Seminars on children and families: Evidence and implications on time trends in adolescent well-being. The Nuffield Foundation, London. Retrieved from http://www.nuffieldfoundation.org.
Prelow, H. M., Bowman, M. A., & Weaver, S. R. (2007). Predictors of psychological well-being in urban African American and European American youth: The role of ecological factors. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 36(4), 543–553. CrossRef
Roebuck, J., Zhang, Q., & Wilhelm, M. (2009). Evaluation on vail C.A.R.E.S.: A summary of findings. Tucson: The University of Arizona, Evaluation Research and Development (ERAD).
Roeser, R. W., Eccles, J. S., & Sameroff, A. J. (2000). School as a context of early adolescents’ academic and socio-emotional development: A summary of research findings. The Elementary School Journal, 100(5), 443–471. CrossRef
Sawyer, M. G., Arney, F. M., Baghurst, P. A., Clark, J. J., Graetz, B. W., Kosky, R. J., et al. (2000). The mental health of young people in Australia. Canberra, ACT: Mental Health and Special Programs Branch, Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care.
Schwartz, S. J., Coatsworth, J. D., Pantin, H., Prado, G., Sharp, E. H., & Szapocznik, J. (2006). The role of ecodevelopmental context and self-concept in depressive and externalizing symptoms in Hispanic adolescents. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 30(4), 359–370. CrossRef
Stewart, E. B. (2008). School structural characteristics, student effort, peer associations, and parental involvement: The influence of school- and individual-level factors on academic achievement. Education and Urban Society, 40(2), 179–204. CrossRef
Szapocznik, J., & Coatsworth, J. D. (1999). An ecodevelopmnetal framework for organizing the influences on drug abuse: A developmental model of risk and protection. In M. D. Glantz & C. R. Hartel (Eds.), Drug abuse: Origins & interventions (pp. 331–366). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
Taylor, S., Field, T., Yando, R., Gonzalez, K. P., Harding, J., Lasko, D., et al. (1997). Adolescents’ perceptions of family responsibility-taking. Adolescence, 32(128), 969–977. PubMed
Umaña-Taylor, A. J., Alfaro, E. C., Bamaca, M. Y., & Guimond, A. B. (2009). The central role of familial ethnic socialization in Latino adolescents’ cultural orientation. Journal of Marriage and Family, 71, 46–60. CrossRef
Umaña-Taylor, A. J., & Updegraff, K. A. (2007). Latino adolescents’ mental health: Exploring the interrelations among discrimination, ethnic identity, cultural orientation, self-esteem, and depressive symptoms. Journal of Adolescence, 30, 549–567. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2006.08.002. CrossRefPubMed
Van den Bergh, B. R. H., Van Calster, B. V., Puissant, S. P., & Van Huffel, S. (2008). Self-reported symptoms of depressed mood, trait anxiety and aggressive behavior in post-pubertal adolescents: Associations with diurnal cortisol profiles. Hormones and Behavior, 54, 253–257. doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2008.03.015. CrossRefPubMed
Wade, T. J., Cairney, J., & Pevalin, D. J. (2002). Emergence of gender differences in depression during adolescence: National panel results from three countries. The Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41(2), 190–198. CrossRef
Whitlock, J. L. (2006). Youth perceptions of life at school: Contextual correlates of school connectedness in adolescence. Applied Developmental Science, 10(1), 13–29. CrossRef
- Adolescent Emotional Distress: The Role of Family Obligations and School Connectedness
Ada M. Wilkinson-Lee
Velia Leybas Nuno
Mari S. Wilhelm
- Springer US