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30-09-2016 | Uitgave 6/2016

Journal of Behavioral Medicine 6/2016

A dyadic multiple mediation model of patient and spouse stressors predicting patient dietary and exercise adherence via depression symptoms and diabetes self-efficacy

Journal of Behavioral Medicine > Uitgave 6/2016
Jared R. Anderson, Joshua R. Novak, Matthew D. Johnson, Sharon L. Deitz, Ann Walker, Allison Wilcox, Virginia L. Lewis, David C. Robbins


Using dyadic data from 117 married couples in which one partner was diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, the purpose of this study was to determine whether a number of specific patient and spouse stressors (chronic life stress, diabetes-specific stress, and physical health stress in the form of the number of comorbidities) were associated with Type 2 diabetes patients’ dietary and exercise adherence through two potentially modifiable patient and spouse factors—depression symptoms and diabetes self-efficacy. We found that patient and spouse stressors, particularly patient and spouse diabetes stress and the number of patient comorbidities, were related to patient dietary and exercise adherence through patient depression symptoms and both patient and spouse diabetes self-efficacy. These conclusions were strengthened by incorporating a number of relevant control variables in our models and by testing four alternative models which supported our proposed model. These results are important because they provide further evidence of the significant role spouses’ play in managing diabetes and they provide diabetes educators and clinicians with specific targets for intervention programming.

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