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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 7/2014

01-10-2014

Testing Models of Psychopathology in Preschool-aged Children Using a Structured Interview-based Assessment

Auteurs: Thomas M. Olino, Lea R. Dougherty, Sara J. Bufferd, Gabrielle A. Carlson, Daniel N. Klein

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 7/2014

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Abstract

A number of studies have found that broadband internalizing and externalizing factors provide a parsimonious framework for understanding the structure of psychopathology across childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. However, few of these studies have examined psychopathology in young children, and several recent studies have found support for alternative models, including a bi-factor model with common and specific factors. The present study used parents’ (typically mothers’) reports on a diagnostic interview in a community sample of 3-year old children (n = 541; 53.9 % male) to compare the internalizing-externalizing latent factor model with a bi-factor model. The bi-factor model provided a better fit to the data. To test the concurrent validity of this solution, we examined associations between this model and paternal reports and laboratory observations of child temperament. The internalizing factor was associated with low levels of surgency and high levels of fear; the externalizing factor was associated with high levels of surgency and disinhibition and low levels of effortful control; and the common factor was associated with high levels of surgency and negative affect and low levels of effortful control. These results suggest that psychopathology in preschool-aged children may be explained by a single, common factor influencing nearly all disorders and unique internalizing and externalizing factors. These findings indicate that shared variance across internalizing and externalizing domains is substantial and are consistent with recent suggestions that emotion regulation difficulties may be a common vulnerability for a wide array of psychopathology.
Voetnoten
1
In addition to relying on the CBQ factor scores, we conducted secondary analyses using a rationally constructed positive emotionality scale. The CBQ surgency scale largely reflects impulsivity and sensation seeking and limits our understanding of how a more traditional positive emotionality construct is associated with the latent dimensions. We examined a composite of two scales -- smiling/laughter and shyness-reverse scored (r = 0.35, p < 0.001) – to index positive emotionality. Using this scale, positive emotionality was negatively associated with the internalizing factor (r = −0.19, p < 0.001) and positively associated with the externalizing factor (r = 0.11, p < 0.01), however it was not related to the common factor (r = 0.04, p = 0.45)
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Testing Models of Psychopathology in Preschool-aged Children Using a Structured Interview-based Assessment
Auteurs
Thomas M. Olino
Lea R. Dougherty
Sara J. Bufferd
Gabrielle A. Carlson
Daniel N. Klein
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 7/2014
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-014-9865-x