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16-04-2020 | Show and Tell | Uitgave 5/2020 Open Access

Perspectives on Medical Education 5/2020

Teaching health professionals how to tailor gender-affirming medicine protocols: A design thinking project

Tijdschrift:
Perspectives on Medical Education > Uitgave 5/2020
Auteurs:
Kinnon R. MacKinnon, Lori E. Ross, David Rojas Gualdron, Stella L. Ng
Belangrijke opmerkingen
The original version of this article was revised: The name of David Rojas Gualdron was presented incorrectly.
A correction to this article is available online at https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s40037-020-00583-3.

Abstract

Background

Content knowledge surrounding transgender (trans) medicine is currently lacking in the formal medical education curricula. Evidence indicates that the main protocols used to assess and refer trans patients for gender-affirming medicine are misunderstood by health professionals, and require flexible adaptation to achieve health equity and patient-centred care.

Approach

A free online educational tool for gender-affirming medicine, The Path to Patient-Centred Care, was developed to teach learners how to adapt assessment protocols. Resource creation was supported by a knowledge translation grant that endorsed design thinking, a human-centred and solutions-focused framework recommended for use in curriculum development.

Evaluation

The Path to Patient-Centred Care provides learners with information related to key principles of patient-centred care in gender-affirming medicine, including a guide on how to adapt the main assessment protocols to achieve equitable care. The curriculum also includes narratives from trans patients and health professionals that focus on health equity, and a clinical vignette about a complex case, designed to foster critical thinking on medical ethics. Project future directions involve an implementation and evaluation pilot study with a diverse group of continuing professional development medical learners using a mixed-methods program evaluation design.

Reflection

The use of design thinking to develop this resource exemplifies a novel approach to curriculum development. By using pedagogical strategies that foster critical reflection, this innovative online education tool strives to teach self-directed learners how to provide care that emphasizes trans people’s self-determination and autonomy in medical decision-making.
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