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21-03-2022 | Original Article

Sleep Disturbances in Pediatric Body-Focused Repetitive Behaviors: A Preliminary Investigation

Auteurs: Sydney D. Biscarri Clark, Ashley A. Lahoud, Theresa R. Gladstone, Emily P. Wilton, Christopher A. Flessner

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development

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Abstract

Body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs) are repeated actions to one’s body resulting in physical damage. Limited research has examined sleep, a known factor in psychological health, within the context of pediatric BFRBs. The current study sought to explore the connection between disordered sleep and BFRBs in a community sample. Aim 1 of the study was to determine the predictive power of group membership [control group (no BFRB symptoms reported), subthreshold BFRB group (mild BFRB symptoms reported; severity score of 2 or less out of 9), and those with symptoms characteristic of BFRBs (more than mild BFRB symptoms reported; severity score of 3 or higher out of 9)] for level of sleep disturbance. A hierarchical regression revealed that there was a significant effect of group membership after controlling for anxiety (F (3, 410) = 152.976, p < .001). Aim 2 of the study was to test whether there was a relationship between sleep disturbance and BFRB severity. The hierarchical regression revealed that at Step 1, anxiety accounted for 23.1% of the variance in BFRB severity (β = 0.48, t = 8.87, p < 0.001). At Step 2, sleep disturbance total score accounted for an additional 7.2% of the variance, suggesting this variable makes a unique contribution to overall BFRB severity (SDSC: β = 0.40, t = 5.18, p < 0.001). The findings of this study suggest that sleep could be a clinical factor to consider when conceptualizing a child with BFRBs.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Sleep Disturbances in Pediatric Body-Focused Repetitive Behaviors: A Preliminary Investigation
Auteurs
Sydney D. Biscarri Clark
Ashley A. Lahoud
Theresa R. Gladstone
Emily P. Wilton
Christopher A. Flessner
Publicatiedatum
21-03-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-022-01346-3