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The online version of this article (https://doi.org/10.1007/s12471-018-1133-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Computed tomography angiography (CTA) is required in the work-up for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). However, CTA may cause contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI). We hypothesised that a short (1 h, 3 ml/kg/h sodium bicarbonate) hydration protocol is not inferior to conventional (24 h, 1 ml/kg/h saline) hydration in avoiding a decline in renal function in patients with impaired renal function.
Single-centre randomised non-inferiority trial in patients with impaired renal function who underwent pre-TAVI CTA. Patients were randomised on a 1:1 ratio to short hydration (SHORT; 1 h sodium bicarbonate, 3 ml/kg/h) or conventional hydration (CONV; 24 h saline, 1 ml/kg/h). Outcomes included percentage change in serum creatinine until 2–6 days after CTA with a non-inferiority margin of 10% and an increase on the Borg dyspnoea scale ≥1 point. Seventy-four patients were included. Increase in creatinine was 6 µmol/l (95% CI 2.5–9.3) in the SHORT versus 2 µmol/l (95% CI-1.4 to 6.3) in the CONV arm (p = 0.167). The percentage change was 4.6% (95% CI 2.0–7.3%) in the SHORT arm versus 2.5% (95% CI: 0.8 to 5.8%) in the CONV arm. The difference in percentage increase in creatinine between the two arms was 2.1% (95% CI: 2.0–6.2%; p-value non-inferiority: <0.001). CI-AKI and a need for dialysis were not observed. An increase of ≥1 point on the Borg scale (dyspnoea scale ranging from 1 (lowest) to 10 (highest)) was seen in 1 patient in the SHORT arm versus 5 patients in the CONV arm (2.9% vs 16.1%, p = 0.091).
For patients with impaired renal function undergoing pre-TAVI CTA, a short 1‑h, low-volume hydration protocol with sodium bicarbonate is not inferior to conventional 24-h, high-volume saline hydration.
Supplemental Table 1: Demographic and clinical characteristics of all patients who underwent randomization. Modified intention to treat (mITT)-population versus the randomized but excluded population12471_2018_1133_MOESM1_ESM.doc
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- Short versus conventional hydration for prevention of kidney injury during pre-TAVI computed tomography angiography
M. S. van Mourik
F. van Kesteren
R. N. Planken
E. M. A. Wiegerinck
J. J. Piek
J. G. Tijssen
M. G. Koopman
J. P. S. Henriques
J. Baan Jr.
M. M. Vis
- Bohn Stafleu van Loghum