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12-09-2023

Sex-specific associations between self-reported physical activity and PTSD among survivors of sexual violence

Auteurs: Michelle M. Pebole, Chelsea R. Singleton, Katherine S. Hall, Steven J. Petruzzello, Alston Reginald, Brian N. Smith, James W. Whitworth, Robyn L. Gobin

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 2/2024

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Abstract

This study examined sex-specific associations between sexual violence (SV) type and physical activity, and identified associations between PTSD symptoms and physical activity, all among cisgender men and women survivors of SV. Cross-sectional data from men (n = 197) and women (n = 356) survivors of SV were analyzed with stratified (men; women) hierarchical logistic regressions. Additionally, fully adjusted models for the total sample included interaction terms to further assess whether associations between SV type as well as PTSD symptoms (sum, clusters) and physical activity differed significantly by sex. Sexual assault was negatively associated with physical activity in the crude model among women (ORs: 0.58; p < 0.05). Harassment was positively associated with physical activity in the crude and adjusted models (ORs:1.92–2.16; ps<0.05) among women. Among men, there were no significant relationships. Regarding PTSD symptoms among women, crude and adjusted stratified models identified significant positive relationships with intrusion (ORs: 1.18–1.22; ps<0.05). Crude and adjusted models revealed significant positive relationships between avoidance and activity (ORs:1.38–1.41; ps<0.05) among men but not women. The interaction term for this difference in the association between avoidance and physical activity by sex was significant (OR: 0.65; 95%CI: 0.48–0.88; p < 0.01). Overall, findings provide evidence for sex-specific associations between SV and physical activity.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Sex-specific associations between self-reported physical activity and PTSD among survivors of sexual violence
Auteurs
Michelle M. Pebole
Chelsea R. Singleton
Katherine S. Hall
Steven J. Petruzzello
Alston Reginald
Brian N. Smith
James W. Whitworth
Robyn L. Gobin
Publicatiedatum
12-09-2023
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 2/2024
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-023-00434-6

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