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01-11-2009 | Original article | Uitgave 11/2009

Netherlands Heart Journal 11/2009

Primary coronary intervention for ST-elevation myocardial infarction in Indonesia and the Netherlands: a comparison

Tijdschrift:
Netherlands Heart Journal > Uitgave 11/2009
Auteurs:
Y. B. Juwana, J. Wirianta, J. P. Ottervanger, J-H. E. Dambrink, AW. J. van ’t Hof, A. T. M. Gosselink, J. C. A. Hoorntje, M-J. de Boer, H. Suryapranata
Belangrijke opmerkingen
Department of Cardiology, Cinere Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
Department of Cardiology, Isala Clinics, Zwolle, the Netherlands
J.P. Ottervanger Department of Cardiology, Isala Clinics, PO Box 10500, 8000 GM Zwolle, the Netherlands

Abstract

Background. Although the beneficial effects of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) have been demonstrated in a number of trials, most studies were conducted in Western countries. Experience, logistics and patient characteristics may differ in other parts of the world.
Methods. Consecutive patients treated with primary PCI in Cinere Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia, between January 2008 and October 2008 were compared with those treated in the Isala Clinics, Zwolle, the Netherlands.
Results. During the study period, a total of 596 patients were treated by primary PCI, 568 in Zwolle and 28 in Jakarta. Patients in Indonesia were younger (54 vs 63 years), more often had diabetes (36 vs. 12%) and high lipids and were more often smokers (68 vs. 31%). Time delay between symptom onset and admission was longer in Indonesia. Patients from Indonesia more often had signs of heart failure at admission. The time between admission and balloon inflation was longer in Indonesia. At angiography, patients from Indonesia more often had multivessel disease. There was no difference in the percentage of restoration of TIMI 3 flow by primary PCI between the two hospitals.
Conclusion. Patients with STEMI in Indonesia have a higher risk profile compared with those in the Netherlands, according to prevalence of coronary risk factors, signs of heart failure, multivessel disease and patient delay. Time delay between admission and balloon inflation was much longer in Indonesia, because of both logistic and financial reasons. (Neth Heart J 2009;17:418–21.)

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