Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This study assessed children’s overestimations of self-competence (positively biased self-perceptions or positive bias [PB]) relative to parent/teacher ratings of children’s competence in predicting children’s adjustment in a new setting. Eighty-five children (13 boys and 11 girls with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder [ADHD]; 30 boys and 31 girls who were typically developing [TD]), ages 6.8 to 9.8 years (M = 8.13; SD = 0.82), attended a 2-week summer day camp grouped into same-age, same-sex classrooms with previously unacquainted peers and counselors. Prior to camp, PB was assessed by creating standardized discrepancy scores between children’s self-ratings relative to parent or teacher ratings of the children’s social and behavioral competence. The relative ability of these discrepancy scores to predict peer preference and oppositionality at camp in relation to parent or teacher ratings alone was evaluated. For children with ADHD, both discrepancy scores and informant ratings of competence were uniquely predictive of peer preference and oppositionality assessed during camp. For TD children, only informant ratings of competence were predictive of outcomes at camp. These results suggest that PB may be a unique predictor of maladjustment within a novel environment for children with ADHD, but not TD children.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2001). Manual for the ASEBA school-age forms & profiles. Burlington: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.
Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. CA: Sage.
Alicke, M. D., & Govorun, O. (2005). The better-than-average effect. In The self in social judgment (pp. 85–106). New York, NY, US: Psychology Press.
Barkley, R. A. (1990). Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: A handbook for diagnosis and treatment (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
Barkley, R. A. (1997). Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and the nature of self-control. New York: Guilford Press.
Coie, J. D., Dodge, K. A., & Coppotelli, H. (1982). Dimensions and types of social status: a cross-age perspective. Developmental Psychology, 18(4), 557–570. CrossRef
Dishion, T. J., & Kavanagh, K. (2003). Intervening in adolescent problem behavior: A family-centered approach (Vol. xi). New York: Guilford Press.
Frederick, B. P., & Olmi, D. J. (1994). Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a review of the literature on social skills deficits. Psychology in the Schools, 31(4), 288–296. CrossRef
Gadow, K. D., & Sprafkin, J. N. (1994). Child symptom inventories. Checkmate Plus.
Harter, S. (1985). Manual for the self-perception profile for children. Denver: University of Denver.
Hightower, A. D., Work, W. C., Cowen, E. L., Ltyscewski, B. S., Spinell, A. P., Guare, J. C., & Rohrbeck, C. (1986). The teacher–child rating scale: a brief objective measure of elementary children’s school problem behaviors and competencies. School Psychology Review, 15(3), 393–409.
Hinshaw, S. P., Owens, E. B., Wells, K. C., Kraemer, H. C., Abikoff, H. B., Arnold, L. E., & Wigal, T. (2000). Family processes and treatment outcome in the MTA: negative/ineffective parenting practices in relation to multimodal treatment. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 28(6), 555–568. CrossRefPubMed
Hoza, B., Gerdes, A. C., Hinshaw, S. P., Arnold, L. E., Pelham Jr., W. E., Molina, B. S., ... Wigal, T. (2004). Self-perceptions of competence in children with ADHD and comparison children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72(3), 382–391.
Hoza, B., Mrug, S., Gerdes, A. C., Hinshaw, S. P., Bukowski, W. M., Gold, J. A., & Arnold, L. E. (2005). What aspects of peer relationships are impaired in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder? Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73(3), 411–423. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.73.3.411. CrossRefPubMed
Hoza, B., Murray-Close, D., Arnold, L. E., Hinshaw, S. P., Hechtman, L., & MTA Cooperative Group. (2010). Time-dependent changes in positively biased self-perceptions of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a developmental psychopathology perspective. Development and Psychopathology, 22(2), 375–390. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Hymel, S., Wagner, E., & Butler, L. J. (1990). Reputational bias: View from the peer group. In S. R. Asher & J. D. Coie (Eds.), Peer rejection in childhood (pp. 156–186). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Jiang, Y., & Johnston, C. (2013). Co-occurring aggressive and depressive symptoms as related to overestimations of competence in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review. doi: 10.1007/s10567-013-0158-7.
Kaufman, J., Birmaher, B., Brent, D., Rao, U., Flynn, C., Moreci, P., & Ryan, N. (1997). Schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-age children-present and lifetime version (K-SADS-PL): initial reliability and validity data. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36(7), 980–988. CrossRefPubMed
Lebowitz, M. S. (2013). Stigmatization of ADHD: a developmental review. Journal of Attention Disorders, 1087054712475211. doi: 10.1177/1087054712475211.
Mikami, A. Y., Griggs, M. S., Lerner, M. D., Emeh, C. C., Reuland, M. M., Jack, A., & Anthony, M. R. (2013). A randomized trial of a classroom intervention to increase peers’ social inclusion of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 81(1), 100–112. doi: 10.1037/a0029654. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Silver, R. B., Measelle, J. R., Armstrong, J. M., & Essex, M. J. (2005). Trajectories of classroom externalizing behavior: contributions of child characteristics, family characteristics, and the teacher–child relationship during the school transition. Journal of School Psychology, 43(1), 39–60. doi: 10.1016/j.jsp.2004.11.003. CrossRef
Stipek, D. (1984). Young children’s performance expectations: Logical analysis or wishful thinking? In Advances in motivation and achievement: The development of achievement motivation (Vol. 3, pp. 33–56). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler abbreviated scale of intelligence. New York: Psychological Corporation/Harcourt Brace.
- Positively Biased Self-Perceptions in Children with ADHD: Unique Predictor of Future Maladjustment
Amori Yee Mikami
- Springer US