Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Physical activity (PA) has been shown to enhance quality of life (QOL) in older adults. Findings from these studies indicate that the relationship between PA and QOL is indirect and likely mediated by variables such as physical self-esteem, exercise self-efficacy, and affect. As PA varies greatly by age, the purpose of the current study is to extend this area of research to young adults and explore the complex relationship between PA and QOL in this target population.
Data were collected via anonymous questionnaire from N = 590 undergraduate students. PA was assessed with the Godin Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire, and QOL was assessed by the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Path analysis was used to test the relationship between PA and QOL, with mediators of exercise self-efficacy, physical self-esteem, and affect.
The PA model (RMSEA = .03, CFI = .99) accounted for 25 % of the variance in QOL. PA had positive direct effects on exercise self-efficacy (β = .28, P < .001), physical self-esteem (β = .10, P < .001), positive affect (β = .10, P < .05), and negative affect (β = .08, P < .05). Physical self-esteem was found to be the most powerful mediating variable on QOL (β = .30, P < .001), followed by positive affect (β = .27, P < .001) and negative affect (β = .14, P < .001).
Physical self-esteem and, to a lesser extent, positive affect emerged as integral components in the link between PA and QOL. Findings suggest that health education programs designed to promote regular PA and increase physical self-esteem may be effective in improving QOL in young adults.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
World Health Organization. (2012). Physical activity. http://www.who.int/topics/physical_activity/en/.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). Physical activity and health. http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/everyone/health/index.html.
World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment Group. (1998). Development and psychometric properties. Social Science and Medicine, 46, 17.
Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 123(2), 276–303. CrossRef
Elavsky, S., McAuley, E., Motl, R. W., Konopack, J. F., Marquez, D. X., Hu, L., et al. (2009). Physical activity enhances long-term quality of life in older adults: Efficacy, esteem, and affective influences. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 30(2), 138–145. CrossRef
Malebo, A., Eeden, C., & Wissing, M. P. (2007). Sport participation, psychological well-being, and psychosocial development in a group of young black adults. South African Journal of Psychology, 37(1), 188–207. CrossRef
McAuley, E., Konopack, J. F., Motl, R. W., Morris, K. S., Doerksen, S. E., & Rosengren, K. R. (2006). Physical activity and quality of life in older adults: Influence of health status and self-efficacy. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 3(1), 99–103. CrossRef
Gary, R. (2006). Exercise self-efficacy in older women with diastolic heart failure: Results of a walking program and education intervention. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 32(7), 31–39. PubMed
Maher, J. P., Doerksen, S. E., Elavsky, S., Hyde, A. L., Pincus, A. L., Ram, N., et al. (2012). A daily analysis of physical activity and satisfaction with life in emerging adults. Health Psychology, 16(2), 265–271.
Bray, S. R., & Born, H. A. (2004). Physical activity and transition to university: Implications for health and psychological well-being. American Journal of College Health, 52, 181–188. CrossRef
Raedeke, T. D. (2007). The relationship between enjoyment and affective responses to exercise. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 19, 105–199. CrossRef
Miller, B. M., Bartholomew, J. B., & Springer, B. A. (2007). Post-exercise affect: The effect of mode preference. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 17(4), 263–271. CrossRef
Gall, T. L., Evans, D. R., & Bellerose, S. (2000). Transition to first-year university: Patterns of change in adjustment across life domains and time. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 19, 544–567. CrossRef
McAuley, E., Elavsky, S., Motl, R. W., Konopack, J. F., Hu, L., & Marquez, D. X. (2005). Physical activity, self-efficacy, and self-esteem: Longitudinal relationships in older adults. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 60B(5), 268–275. CrossRef
Kwan, B. M., & Bryan, A. D. (2011). Affective response to exercise as a component of exercise motivation: Attitudes, norms, self-efficacy, and temporal stability of intentions. Psychology in Sport and Exercise, 11(1), 71–79. CrossRef
Godin, G., & Shepard, R. J. (1985). The Godin leisure time exercise questionnaire; Cited by Kriska A. M., Caspersen C. J. A collection of physical activity questionnaires for health-related research. Supplement for Medicine and Science in Sports Exercise, 29, 3.
Jacobs, D. R., Ainsworth, B. E., Hartman, T. J., & Leon, A. S. (1993). A simultaneous evaluation of 10 commonly used physical activity questionnaires. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 29(Supplement 6), 81–91. CrossRef
Miller, D. J., Freedson, P. S., & Kline, G. M. (1994). Comparison of activity levels using Caltrac accelerometer and five questionnaires. Medicine and Science in Sports Exercise, 26, 376–382.
Sallis, J. F., Buono, M. J., Roby, J. J., Micale, F. G., & Nelson, J. A. (1993). Seven-day recall and other physical activity self-reports in children and adolescents. Medicine and Science in Sports Exercise, 25, 99–108. CrossRef
Fox, K. R. (1990). The physical self-perception profile manual. DeKalb, IL: Office for Health Promotion, Northern Illinois University.
Georgiadis, M. M., Biddle, S. J. H., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. D. (2001). The mediating role of self determination in the relationship between goal orientations and physical self worth in Greek exercisers. European Journal of Sport Sciences, 1, 1–9. CrossRef
Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. W. H. Freeman: New York.
Bradburn, N. M. (1969). Structure of psychological well-being. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company.
Cheng, H., & Furnham, A. (2003). Attributional style and self-esteem as predictors of psychological well being. Counseling Psychology Quarterly, 16(2), 121–130. CrossRef
Lewis, C. A., McCollam, P., & Joseph, S. (2000). Convergent validity of the depression-happiness scale with the Bradburn affect balance scale. Social Behavior and Personality, 28(6), 579–584. CrossRef
Kim, K. A., & Mueller, D. J. (2001). To balance or not to balance: Confirmatory factor analysis of the affect-balance scale. Journal of Happiness Studies, 2, 289–306. CrossRef
SAS Institute Inc. (2010). SAS version 9.2. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc.
SAS Institute Inc. (2010). PROC CALIS. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc.
Wipfli, B. M., Rethorst, C. D., & Landers, D. M. (2008). The anxiolytic effects of exercise: A meta-analysis of randomized trials and dose-response analysis. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 30(4), 392–410. PubMed
Jacob, T., Itzchak, E. B., & Raz, O. (2012). Stress among healthcare students: a cross disciplinary perspective. Physiotherapy, Theory, and Practice. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2012.11.009.
Reeve, K. L., Shumaker, C. J., Yearwood, E. L., Crowell, N. A., & Riley, J. B. (2012). Perceived stress and social support in undergraduate nursing students’ educational experiences. Nursing Education Today. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2012.11.009.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Population Health. (2011). CDC HRQOL- 14 “ Healthy Days Measure.” http://www.cdc.gov/hrqol/hrqol14_measure.htm.
World Health Organization. (2004). World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL)— Bref. http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/research_tools/en/english_whoqol.pdf.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Population Health. (2011). Health- related quality of life (HRQOL). http://www.cdc.gov/hrqol/data/tables/table4a.htm.
- Physical activity and quality of life among university students: exploring self-efficacy, self-esteem, and affect as potential mediators
Rodney P. Joseph
Kathryn E. Royse
Tanya J. Benitez
Dorothy W. Pekmezi
- Springer International Publishing