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Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 5/2016

01-05-2016

Neurocognitive complaints and functional status among patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia

Auteurs: Karen B. Schmaling, Karran L. Betterton

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 5/2016

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to conduct a longitudinal examination of cognitive complaints and functional status in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) alone and those who also had fibromyalgia (CFS/FM).

Methods

A total of 93 patients from a tertiary care fatigue clinic were evaluated on four occasions, each 6 months apart. Each evaluation included a tender point assessment, and self-reported functional status and cognitive complaints.

Results

Patients with CFS/FM reported significantly worse physical functioning, more bodily pain, and more cognitive difficulties (visuo-perceptual ability and verbal memory) than patients with CFS alone. Over time, bodily pain decreased only for participants with CFS alone. Verbal memory problems were associated with more bodily pain for both patient groups, whereas visuo-perceptual problems were associated with worse functional status for patients with CFS alone.

Conclusions

This study adds to the literature on functional status, longitudinal course, and cognitive difficulties among patients with CFS and those with CFS and FM. The results suggest that patients with CFS/FM are more disabled, have more cognitive complaints, and improve more slowly over time than patients with CFS alone. Specific cognitive difficulties are related to worse functional status, which supports the addition of cognitive difficulties to the FM case criteria.

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Voetnoten
1
We used the average item value for each MASQ scale, consistent with the original MASQ article [21]. Other studies [2628] have reported total scores across items for each scale. Average item values for each scale can be compared to total scores for each scale by multiplying the average item value by eight for all scales except visuo-perceptual ability, which is multiplied by 6.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Neurocognitive complaints and functional status among patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia
Auteurs
Karen B. Schmaling
Karran L. Betterton
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 5/2016
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-015-1160-y