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Mindfulness, Self-Compassion, and Athletic Performance in Student-Athletes

Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy
Emre Ozan Tingaz, Soner Çakmak
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A mindful athlete observes what is happening as it is without judgment. An athlete with self-compassion, on the other hand, comprehends this mindful attitude with kindness and recognizes it as a common element of humanity. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the associations between mindfulness and self-compassion as well as evaluate within the context of athletic performance.


Two hundred thirty-seven student-athletes (Mage = 21.74, SD = 4.04) completed the Mindfulness Inventory for Sport, the Self-Compassion Scale, and the Personal Best Athletic Result.


Mindfulness was positively correlated with self-compassion, In addition, while the self-compassion levels of athletes did not differ based on their athletic ranking, athletes who achieved national ranking had a significantly higher score average in the non-judgment sub-dimension of mindfulness compared to the athletes with no ranking.


Although it is not to possible draw causal relationships, findings suggest that more mindful student-athletes are more self-compassionate. Athletes with national ranking demonstrated a less judgmental attitude compared to athletes with no ranking.

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