Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 4/2017

10-02-2017 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Mindfulness and Meditation Practice as Moderators of the Relationship between Age and Subjective Wellbeing among Working Adults

Auteurs: Tammy D. Allen, Tyler G. Henderson, Victor S. Mancini, Kimberly A. French

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 4/2017

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Promoting the health and wellbeing of an aging and age-diverse workforce is a timely and growing concern to organizations and to society. To help address this issue, we investigated the relationship between age and subjective wellbeing by examining the moderating role of mindfulness in two independent studies. In study 1, trait mindfulness was examined as a moderator of the relationship between age and vitality and between age and work-family balance in a sample of 240 participants. In study 2, data from the second phase of the Midlife Development in the USA (MIDUS II) project was used to investigate mindful-practice (i.e., meditation) as a moderator of the relationships between age and multiple measures of subjective wellbeing (life satisfaction, psychological health, physical health) in a sample of 2477 adults. Results revealed that mindfulness moderates the relationship between age and multiple indicators of subjective wellbeing. In addition, study 2 results indicated that individuals who reported that they mediated often combined with those who reported they meditated a lot reported better physical health than those who reported that they never meditate. The findings suggest that cultivating mindfulness can be a proactive tool for fostering health and subjective wellbeing in an aging and age-diverse workforce.
Literatuur
go back to reference Alexander, C., Langer, E., Newman, R., Chandler, H., & Davies, J. (1989). Transcendental meditation, mindfulness, and longevity: an experimental study with the elderly. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 950–964. CrossRefPubMed Alexander, C., Langer, E., Newman, R., Chandler, H., & Davies, J. (1989). Transcendental meditation, mindfulness, and longevity: an experimental study with the elderly. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 950–964. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Allen, T. D., Eby, L. T., Conley, K. M., Williamson, R. L., Mancini, V. S., & Mitchell, M. E. (2015). What do we really know about the effects of mindfulness-based training in the workplace? Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 8, 652–661. doi: 10.​1017/​iop.​2015.​95. CrossRef Allen, T. D., Eby, L. T., Conley, K. M., Williamson, R. L., Mancini, V. S., & Mitchell, M. E. (2015). What do we really know about the effects of mindfulness-based training in the workplace? Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 8, 652–661. doi: 10.​1017/​iop.​2015.​95. CrossRef
go back to reference Carstensen, L. L., Fung, H. H., & Charles, S. T. (2003). Socioemotional selectivity theory and the regulation of emotion in the second half of life. Motivation and Emotion, 27, 103–123. CrossRef Carstensen, L. L., Fung, H. H., & Charles, S. T. (2003). Socioemotional selectivity theory and the regulation of emotion in the second half of life. Motivation and Emotion, 27, 103–123. CrossRef
go back to reference Creswell, J. D., Irwin, M. R., Burklund, L. J., Lieberman, M. D., Arevalo, J. M., Ma, J., et al. (2012). Mindfulness-based stress reduction training reduces loneliness and pro-inflammatory gene expression in older adults: a small randomized controlled trial. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 26, 1095–1101. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Creswell, J. D., Irwin, M. R., Burklund, L. J., Lieberman, M. D., Arevalo, J. M., Ma, J., et al. (2012). Mindfulness-based stress reduction training reduces loneliness and pro-inflammatory gene expression in older adults: a small randomized controlled trial. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 26, 1095–1101. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference de Frias, C. (2013). Memory compensation in older adults: the role of health, emotion regulation, and trait mindfulness (pp. 678–685). Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences: The Journals of Gerontology Series B. de Frias, C. (2013). Memory compensation in older adults: the role of health, emotion regulation, and trait mindfulness (pp. 678–685). Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences: The Journals of Gerontology Series B.
go back to reference Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). The general causality orientations scale: self-determination in personality. Journal of Research in Personality, 19, 109–134. CrossRef Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). The general causality orientations scale: self-determination in personality. Journal of Research in Personality, 19, 109–134. CrossRef
go back to reference Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. E. (1999). Subjective well-being: three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 276–302. CrossRef Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. E. (1999). Subjective well-being: three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 276–302. CrossRef
go back to reference Gallegos, A., Hoerger, M., Talbot, N., Moynihan, J., & Duberstein, P. (2013). Emotional benefits of mindfulness-based stress reduction in older adults: the moderating roles of age and depressive symptom severity. Aging & Mental Health, 17, 823–829. doi: 10.​1080/​13607863.​2013.​799118. CrossRef Gallegos, A., Hoerger, M., Talbot, N., Moynihan, J., & Duberstein, P. (2013). Emotional benefits of mindfulness-based stress reduction in older adults: the moderating roles of age and depressive symptom severity. Aging & Mental Health, 17, 823–829. doi: 10.​1080/​13607863.​2013.​799118. CrossRef
go back to reference Garland, E. L., Geschwind, N., Peeters, F., & Wichers, M. (2015). Mindfulness training promotes upward spirals of positive affect and cognition: multilevel and autoregressive latent trajectory modeling analyses. Frontiers in Psychology, 6. doi: 10.​3389/​fpsyg.​2015.​00015. Garland, E. L., Geschwind, N., Peeters, F., & Wichers, M. (2015). Mindfulness training promotes upward spirals of positive affect and cognition: multilevel and autoregressive latent trajectory modeling analyses. Frontiers in Psychology, 6. doi: 10.​3389/​fpsyg.​2015.​00015.
go back to reference Geiger, P. J., Boggero, I. A., Brake, C. A., Caldera, C. A., Combs, H. L., Peters, J. R., & Baer, R. A. (2016). Mindfulness-based interventions for older adults: a review of the effects on physical and emotional well-being. Mindfulness, 7, 296–307. doi: 10.​1007/​s12671-015-0444-1. CrossRefPubMed Geiger, P. J., Boggero, I. A., Brake, C. A., Caldera, C. A., Combs, H. L., Peters, J. R., & Baer, R. A. (2016). Mindfulness-based interventions for older adults: a review of the effects on physical and emotional well-being. Mindfulness, 7, 296–307. doi: 10.​1007/​s12671-015-0444-1. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Glomb, T. M., Duffy, M. K., Bono, J. E., & Yang, T. (2011). Mindfulness at work. In J. Martocchio, H. Liao, & A. Joshi (Eds.), Research in personnel and human resource management (pp. 115–157). UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited. CrossRef Glomb, T. M., Duffy, M. K., Bono, J. E., & Yang, T. (2011). Mindfulness at work. In J. Martocchio, H. Liao, & A. Joshi (Eds.), Research in personnel and human resource management (pp. 115–157). UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited. CrossRef
go back to reference Hsu, L. M., & Langer, E. L. (2013). Mindfulness and cultivating well-being in older adults. In I. Boniwell, S. A. David, & A. C. Ayers (Eds.), Oxford handbook of happiness (pp. 1026–1036). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Hsu, L. M., & Langer, E. L. (2013). Mindfulness and cultivating well-being in older adults. In I. Boniwell, S. A. David, & A. C. Ayers (Eds.), Oxford handbook of happiness (pp. 1026–1036). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Ihle, A., Borella, E., Rahnfeld, M., Muller, S. R., Enge, S., Hacker, W., Wegge, J., Oris, M., & Kliegel, M. (2015). The role of cognitive resources for subjective work ability and health in nursing. European Journal of Ageing, 12, 131–140. CrossRef Ihle, A., Borella, E., Rahnfeld, M., Muller, S. R., Enge, S., Hacker, W., Wegge, J., Oris, M., & Kliegel, M. (2015). The role of cognitive resources for subjective work ability and health in nursing. European Journal of Ageing, 12, 131–140. CrossRef
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. New York, NY: Dell Publishing. Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. New York, NY: Dell Publishing.
go back to reference Martin, E. C., Galloway-Williams, N., Cox, M. G., & Winett, R. A. (2015). Pilot testing of a mindfulness- and acceptance-based intervention for increasing cardiorespiratory fitness in sedentary adults: a feasibility study. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 4, 237–245. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Martin, E. C., Galloway-Williams, N., Cox, M. G., & Winett, R. A. (2015). Pilot testing of a mindfulness- and acceptance-based intervention for increasing cardiorespiratory fitness in sedentary adults: a feasibility study. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 4, 237–245. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Oettingen, G., Hönig, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2000). Effective self-regulation of goal attainment. International Journal of Educational Research, 33, 705–732. CrossRef Oettingen, G., Hönig, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2000). Effective self-regulation of goal attainment. International Journal of Educational Research, 33, 705–732. CrossRef
go back to reference Olivera-Figueroa, L. A., Asthana, S., Odisho, N., Ortiz Velez, A. L., Cuebas, K., & Lopez Cordova, N. M. (2016). Emerging cross-cultural research: the role of time perspective on well-being, life satisfaction and mindfulness. In A. M. Columbus (Ed.), Advances in psychology research (Vol. 113). New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers. Olivera-Figueroa, L. A., Asthana, S., Odisho, N., Ortiz Velez, A. L., Cuebas, K., & Lopez Cordova, N. M. (2016). Emerging cross-cultural research: the role of time perspective on well-being, life satisfaction and mindfulness. In A. M. Columbus (Ed.), Advances in psychology research (Vol. 113). New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers.
go back to reference Park, D. C., Polk, T. A., Hebrank, A. C., & Jenkins, L. J. (2010). Age differences in default mode activity on easy and difficult spatial judgment tasks. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 3, 1–12. doi: 10.​3389/​neuro.​09.​075.​2009. Park, D. C., Polk, T. A., Hebrank, A. C., & Jenkins, L. J. (2010). Age differences in default mode activity on easy and difficult spatial judgment tasks. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 3, 1–12. doi: 10.​3389/​neuro.​09.​075.​2009.
go back to reference Prakash, R., De Leon, A., Klatt, M., Malarkey, W., & Patterson, B. (2013). Mindfulness disposition and default-mode network connectivity in older adults. Social and Cognitive Affective Neuroscience, 8, 112–117. doi: 10.​1093/​scan/​nss115. CrossRef Prakash, R., De Leon, A., Klatt, M., Malarkey, W., & Patterson, B. (2013). Mindfulness disposition and default-mode network connectivity in older adults. Social and Cognitive Affective Neuroscience, 8, 112–117. doi: 10.​1093/​scan/​nss115. CrossRef
go back to reference Preacher, K. J., Curran, P. J., & Bauer, D. J. (2006). Computational tools for probing interaction effects in multiple linear regression, multilevel modeling, and latent curve analysis. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 31, 437–448. CrossRef Preacher, K. J., Curran, P. J., & Bauer, D. J. (2006). Computational tools for probing interaction effects in multiple linear regression, multilevel modeling, and latent curve analysis. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 31, 437–448. CrossRef
go back to reference Reb, J., Narayanan, J., & Chaturvedi, S. (2014). Leading mindfully: two studies of the influence of supervisor trait mindfulness on employee well-being and performance. Mindfulness, 5, 36–45. doi: 10.​1007/​s12671-012-0144-z. CrossRef Reb, J., Narayanan, J., & Chaturvedi, S. (2014). Leading mindfully: two studies of the influence of supervisor trait mindfulness on employee well-being and performance. Mindfulness, 5, 36–45. doi: 10.​1007/​s12671-012-0144-z. CrossRef
go back to reference Ryan, R. M., & Frederick, C. M. (1997). On energy, personality and health: subjective vitality as a dynamic reflection of well-being. Journal of Personality, 65, 529–565. CrossRefPubMed Ryan, R. M., & Frederick, C. M. (1997). On energy, personality and health: subjective vitality as a dynamic reflection of well-being. Journal of Personality, 65, 529–565. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Ryff, C., Almeida, D., Ayanian, J., Carr, D., Cleary, P., & Coe, C. (2006). Midlife development in the United States (MIDUS II) 2004–2006. University of Wisconsin, Survey Center: Madison, WI. Ryff, C., Almeida, D., Ayanian, J., Carr, D., Cleary, P., & Coe, C. (2006). Midlife development in the United States (MIDUS II) 2004–2006. University of Wisconsin, Survey Center: Madison, WI.
go back to reference Stroebe, W., & Strack, F. (2014). The alleged crisis and the illusion of exact replication. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9, 59–71. CrossRefPubMed Stroebe, W., & Strack, F. (2014). The alleged crisis and the illusion of exact replication. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9, 59–71. CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Mindfulness and Meditation Practice as Moderators of the Relationship between Age and Subjective Wellbeing among Working Adults
Auteurs
Tammy D. Allen
Tyler G. Henderson
Victor S. Mancini
Kimberly A. French
Publicatiedatum
10-02-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 4/2017
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-017-0681-6

Andere artikelen Uitgave 4/2017

Mindfulness 4/2017 Naar de uitgave