Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 6/2015

20-02-2015 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Mindfulness and Body Awareness in Depersonalization Disorder

Auteurs: Steffen Nestler, Mauricio Sierra, Emma-Louise Jay, Anthony S. David

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 6/2015

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Anomalous bodily experiences and automaton-like feelings constitute some of the core symptoms of depersonalization disorder (DP), features which may be considered antithetical to mindfulness. We thus investigated traits in a random sample of 22 stable patients with DP using the 14-item Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI) and predicted an overall negative correlation to their symptomatology as measured by the Cambridge Depersonalization Scale (CDS). We also conducted a regression analysis in order to elucidate the contribution of depression and anxiety measures on the above-mentioned correlation. Overall, the FMI and CDS were strongly negatively correlated (Pearson’s r = −.64, p < .001) as predicted, driven particularly by FMI items 1–4 and 7. The correlation withstood adjustment for depression and anxiety symptoms using regression analysis (R 2 adj = 33 %; F (1, 19) = 10.83, p < .005). In sum, our results suggest a possible impairment of mindfulness abilities in DP. Future research should explore the links between DP and psychopathology and seek to devise therapeutic interventions for DP based on mindfulness.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
go back to reference Allen, J. G. (2004). Coping with trauma: hope through understanding (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press Inc. Allen, J. G. (2004). Coping with trauma: hope through understanding (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press Inc.
go back to reference Beck, A. T., & Steer, R. A. (1984). Internal consistencies of the original and revised Beck depression inventory. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40(6), 1365–1367. CrossRefPubMed Beck, A. T., & Steer, R. A. (1984). Internal consistencies of the original and revised Beck depression inventory. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40(6), 1365–1367. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Beck, A. T., Epstein, N., Brown, G., & Steer, R. A. (1988). An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: psychometric properties. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56(6), 893–897. CrossRefPubMed Beck, A. T., Epstein, N., Brown, G., & Steer, R. A. (1988). An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: psychometric properties. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56(6), 893–897. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference David, A., Baker, D., & Hunter, E. (2007). Overcoming depersonalization and feelings of unreality: a self-help guide using cognitive behavioral techniques. London: Robinson. David, A., Baker, D., & Hunter, E. (2007). Overcoming depersonalization and feelings of unreality: a self-help guide using cognitive behavioral techniques. London: Robinson.
go back to reference Dubester, K. A., & Braun, B. G. (1995). Psychometric properties of the dissociative experiences scale. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 183(4), 231–235. CrossRefPubMed Dubester, K. A., & Braun, B. G. (1995). Psychometric properties of the dissociative experiences scale. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 183(4), 231–235. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Farb, N. A. S., Anderson, A. K., & Segal, Z. V. (2012). The mindful brain and emotion regulation in mood disorders. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 57(2), 70–77. Farb, N. A. S., Anderson, A. K., & Segal, Z. V. (2012). The mindful brain and emotion regulation in mood disorders. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 57(2), 70–77.
go back to reference Michal, M. (2014). Depersonalisation und Derealisation: Die Entfremdung überwinden. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer W. Michal, M. (2014). Depersonalisation und Derealisation: Die Entfremdung überwinden. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer W.
go back to reference Michal, M., Koechel, A., Canterino, M., Adler, J., Reiner, I., Vossel, G., et al. (2013). Depersonalization disorder: disconnection of cognitive evaluation from autonomic responses to emotional stimuli. PLoS ONE, 8(9), (2013). doi: 10.​1371/​journal.​pone.​0074331. Michal, M., Koechel, A., Canterino, M., Adler, J., Reiner, I., Vossel, G., et al. (2013). Depersonalization disorder: disconnection of cognitive evaluation from autonomic responses to emotional stimuli. PLoS ONE, 8(9), (2013). doi: 10.​1371/​journal.​pone.​0074331.
go back to reference Sharplin, G. R., Jones, S. B. W., Hancock, B., Knott, V. E., Bowden, J. A., & Whitford, H. S. (2010). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy: an efficacious community-based group intervention for depression and anxiety in a sample of cancer patients. Medical Journal of Australia, 193(5 Suppl.), S79–S82. PubMed Sharplin, G. R., Jones, S. B. W., Hancock, B., Knott, V. E., Bowden, J. A., & Whitford, H. S. (2010). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy: an efficacious community-based group intervention for depression and anxiety in a sample of cancer patients. Medical Journal of Australia, 193(5 Suppl.), S79–S82. PubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Mindfulness and Body Awareness in Depersonalization Disorder
Auteurs
Steffen Nestler
Mauricio Sierra
Emma-Louise Jay
Anthony S. David
Publicatiedatum
20-02-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 6/2015
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-015-0392-9

Andere artikelen Uitgave 6/2015

Mindfulness 6/2015 Naar de uitgave

ORTHOGONAL ROTATION IN CONSCIOUSNESS

Why Paying Attention is so Supremely Important

MINDFULNESS IN PRACTICE

Mindfulness of Ignorance