Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 11/2021

18-09-2021 | Original Paper

Military Stressors, Parent-Adolescent Relationship Quality, and Adolescent Adjustment

Auteurs: Meredith L. Farnsworth, Catherine W. O’Neal

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 11/2021

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Elements of military life can create challenges for all family members, including military-connected adolescents, and can have detrimental consequences for their adjustment. Although research with samples of military-connected adolescents has examined the influences of military stressors for adolescent adjustment (e.g., depressive symptoms, anxiety), less research has identified possible mechanisms responsible for these effects, particularly the role of specific familial factors. Drawing from social ecological theory and attachment theory, we examined the associations between military stressors (e.g., parental rank, combat deployments, permanent change of station moves) and self-reported adolescent adjustment (e.g., depressive symptoms, self-efficacy) along with examining adolescents’ perceptions of parent-adolescent relationship quality with both the active duty and civilian parent as a linking mechanism. Using a path analysis, data from 265 Army families were examined to identify the direct and indirect associations between military stressors and adolescent adjustment through parent-adolescent relationship quality. Most military stressors were not significantly related to relationship quality of either parent or indicators of adolescent adjustment. However, parent-adolescent relationship quality with each parent (active duty and civilian parent) was uniquely related to adolescents’ adjustment. Discussion is provided regarding how military stressors and familial factors are conceptualized within the context of military families and implications for future research, family therapy, and policies are suggested.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Literatuur
go back to reference Arbuckle, J. L. (2014). Amos (Version 23.0) [Computer software]. IBM SPSS. Arbuckle, J. L. (2014). Amos (Version 23.0) [Computer software]. IBM SPSS.
go back to reference Blaisure, K. R., Saathoff-Wells, T., Pereira, A., Wadsworth, S. M. M., & Dombro, A. L. (2012). Serving military families in the 21st century. Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group. Blaisure, K. R., Saathoff-Wells, T., Pereira, A., Wadsworth, S. M. M., & Dombro, A. L. (2012). Serving military families in the 21st century. Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.
go back to reference Bowlby, J. (1982). Attachment and loss volume I: Attachment (2nd ed.). Basic Books. Bowlby, J. (1982). Attachment and loss volume I: Attachment (2nd ed.). Basic Books.
go back to reference Bradshaw, C. P., Sudhinaraset, M., Mmari, K., & Blum, R. W. (2010). School transitions among military adolescents: a qualitative study of stress and coping. School Psychology Review, 39(1), 84–105. CrossRef Bradshaw, C. P., Sudhinaraset, M., Mmari, K., & Blum, R. W. (2010). School transitions among military adolescents: a qualitative study of stress and coping. School Psychology Review, 39(1), 84–105. CrossRef
go back to reference Bronfenbrenner, U. (2001). The bioecological theory of human development. In N. J. Smelser & P. B. Baltes (Eds.), International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences (Vol. 10, pp. 6963–6970). Elsevier. Bronfenbrenner, U. (2001). The bioecological theory of human development. In N. J. Smelser & P. B. Baltes (Eds.), International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences (Vol. 10, pp. 6963–6970). Elsevier.
go back to reference Card, N. A., Bosch, L., Casper, D. M., Wiggs, C. B., Hawkins, S. A., Schlomer, G. L., & Borden, L. M. (2011). A meta-analytic review of internalizing, externalizing, and academic adjustment among children of deployed military service members. Journal of Family Psychology, 25(4), 508–520. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​a0024395. CrossRefPubMed Card, N. A., Bosch, L., Casper, D. M., Wiggs, C. B., Hawkins, S. A., Schlomer, G. L., & Borden, L. M. (2011). A meta-analytic review of internalizing, externalizing, and academic adjustment among children of deployed military service members. Journal of Family Psychology, 25(4), 508–520. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​a0024395. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cummins, R. A., & Lau, A. L. D. (2005). Personal wellbeing index-school children (PWI-SC). Melbourne: Deakin University, School of Psychology. Cummins, R. A., & Lau, A. L. D. (2005). Personal wellbeing index-school children (PWI-SC). Melbourne: Deakin University, School of Psychology.
go back to reference Cunitz, K., Dölitzsch, C., Kösters, M., Willmund, G.-D., Zimmermann, P., Bühler, A. H., Fegert, J. M., Ziegenhain, U., & Kölch, M. (2019). Parental military deployment as risk factor for children’s mental health: a meta-analytical review. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 13. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s13034-019-0287-y. Cunitz, K., Dölitzsch, C., Kösters, M., Willmund, G.-D., Zimmermann, P., Bühler, A. H., Fegert, J. M., Ziegenhain, U., & Kölch, M. (2019). Parental military deployment as risk factor for children’s mental health: a meta-analytical review. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 13. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s13034-019-0287-y.
go back to reference Department of Defense. (2017). 2017 demographics: profile of the military community. Department of Defense Department of Defense. (2017). 2017 demographics: profile of the military community. Department of Defense
go back to reference Huebner, A. J., & Mancini, J. A. (2005). Adjustments among adolescents in military families when a parent is deployed. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Huebner, A. J., & Mancini, J. A. (2005). Adjustments among adolescents in military families when a parent is deployed. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
go back to reference IBM Corp. (2016). IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 24.0. IBM Corp. IBM Corp. (2016). IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 24.0. IBM Corp.
go back to reference Lucier-Greer, M., Arnold, A. L., Grimsley, R. N., Ford, J. L., Bryant, C., & Mancini, J. A. (2016). Parental military service and adolescent well-being: Mental health, social connections and coping among youth in the USA: Parental military service and adolescent well-being. Child & Family Social Work, 21(4), 421–432. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1111/​cfs.​12158. CrossRef Lucier-Greer, M., Arnold, A. L., Grimsley, R. N., Ford, J. L., Bryant, C., & Mancini, J. A. (2016). Parental military service and adolescent well-being: Mental health, social connections and coping among youth in the USA: Parental military service and adolescent well-being. Child & Family Social Work, 21(4), 421–432. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1111/​cfs.​12158. CrossRef
go back to reference Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2017). Mplus user’s guide (7th ed.). Muthén & Muthén. Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2017). Mplus user’s guide (7th ed.). Muthén & Muthén.
Metagegevens
Titel
Military Stressors, Parent-Adolescent Relationship Quality, and Adolescent Adjustment
Auteurs
Meredith L. Farnsworth
Catherine W. O’Neal
Publicatiedatum
18-09-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 11/2021
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-021-02106-y