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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 1/2017

28-03-2016

Impulsivity Symptoms as Core to the Developmental Externalizing Spectrum

Auteurs: Michelle M. Martel, Cheri A. Levinson, Christine A. Lee, Tess E. Smith

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 1/2017

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Abstract

Impulsivity is posited to be a key part of the externalizing spectrum during childhood, but this idea has received minimal empirical attention. The goal of the present investigation was to utilize network analysis to determine whether behavioral impulsivity symptoms are key components of the externalizing network across several developmental periods from preschool into adolescence. Participants were 109 preschoolers (64 % male) ages 3 to 6, 237 children (59 % male) ages 6 to 9, 372 children (59 % male) ages 10 to 13, and 357 adolescents (59 % male) ages 13 to 17 and their parents. Parents completed ratings of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) symptoms on a well-validated rating scale. Network analyses indicated that ADHD and ODD were somewhat differentiated in preschool, becoming united by behavioral impulsivity symptoms during early childhood, and then differentiating into inattention versus externalizing clusters later during childhood and in adolescence. Behavioral impulsivity symptoms were core to the externalizing spectrum across most developmental periods, but core inattentive and ODD symptoms were also identified in line with progressive differentiation. These results suggest the increasing importance of impulsivity symptoms across development, explaining externalizing comorbidity and potentially serving as a viable target for childhood interventions for externalizing problems.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Impulsivity Symptoms as Core to the Developmental Externalizing Spectrum
Auteurs
Michelle M. Martel
Cheri A. Levinson
Christine A. Lee
Tess E. Smith
Publicatiedatum
28-03-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 1/2017
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-016-0148-6