Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
To test the spectrum hypothesis—postulating that clinical and non-clinical samples are primarily differentiated by mean-level differences—, this study evaluates differences in parent-rated temperament, personality and maladjustment among a low-symptom (N = 81), a high-symptom (N = 94) ASD-group, and a comparison group (N = 500). These classic spectrum hypothesis tests are extended by adding tests for similarity in variances, reliabilities and patterns of covariation between relevant variables. Children with ASD exhibit more extreme means, except for dominance. The low- and high-symptom ASD-groups are primarily differentiated by mean sociability and internal distress. Striking similarities in reliability and pattern of covariation of variables suggest that comparable processes link traits to maladaptation in low- and high-symptom children with ASD and in children with and without autism.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Integrative guide for the 1991 CBCL-4-18, YSR, and TRF profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry.
Aiken, L., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park: Sage Publications.
Austin, E. J. (2005). Personality correlates of the broader autism phenotype as assessed by the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ). Personality and Individual Differences, 38, 451–460. CrossRef
Baron-Cohen, S. (1995). Mindblindness: An essay on autism and theory of mind. Boston: MIT Press/Bradford Books.
Bryson, S. E., & Smith, I. M. (1998). Epidemiology of autism: Prevalence, associated characteristics, and implications for research and service delivery. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 4, 97–103. CrossRef
Caspi, A., & Shiner, R. L. (2006). Personality development. In W. Damon, R. Lerner, & N. Eisenberg (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, emotional, and personality development (6th ed., pp. 300–364). New York: Wiley.
Ellis, L. K. (2002). Individual differences and adolescent psychosocial development. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Oregon, Eugene.
Ellis, L. K., & Rothbart, M. K. (2001). Revision of the early adolescent temperament questionnaire. Paper presented at the 2001 biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Minneapolis, MN.
Evans, D. E., & Rothbart, M. K. (2007). Developing a model for adult temperament. Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 868–888. CrossRef
Fan, X. T., & Thompson, B. (2001). Confidence intervals about score reliability coefficients, please: An EPM guidelines editorial. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 61, 517–531.
Hartman, C. A. (2000). Dutch translation of the early adolescent temperament questionnaire. Internal report. The Netherlands: Department of Psychiatry, University of Groningen.
Hepburn, S. L. (2003). Clinical implications of temperamental characteristics in young children with developmental disabilities. Infants and Young Children, 16, 59–76. CrossRef
Janes, J. (2001). Executive function, emotion regulation, and maternal report of child temperament in children with PDD. Unpublished Master of Arts Thesis, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada.
Landry, R. (2000). Autism: Attentional disengagement and its relationship to temperament. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section B: The Sciences & Engineering, 60, 4231.
Mervielde, I., De Clercq, B., De Fruyt, F., & Van Leeuwen, K. (2006). Temperament and personality as broad-spectrum antecedents of psychopathology in childhood and adolescence. In T. A. Widiger, E. Simonsen, P. J. Sirovatka, & D. A. Regier (Eds.), Dimensional models of personality disorders. Refining the research agenda for DSM-V (pp. 85–109). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Mervielde, I., & De Fruyt, F. (2002). Assessing children’s traits with the hierarchical personality inventory for children. In B. De Raad & M. Perugini (Eds.), Big five assessment (pp. 129–146). Seattle: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers.
Myles, B. S., Lee, H. J., Smith, S. M., Tien, K. C., Chou, Y. C., Swanson, T. C., et al. (2007). A large-scale study of the characteristics of Asperger syndrome. Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities, 42, 448–459.
Ratekin, C. (1993). Comparison of temperament ratings in children with autism, children with mental retardation, and typical children. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development.
Rothbart, M. K. (2007). Temperament, development, and personality. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16, 207–212. CrossRef
Rothbart, M. K., & Bates, J. E. (2006). Temperament. In W. Damon, R. Lerner, & N. Eisenberg (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, emotional, and personality development (6th ed., pp. 99–166). New York: Wiley.
Rutter, M., Bailey, A., Lord, C., & Berument, S. K. (2003). Social communication questionnaire. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
Sheeber, L. B., & Johnson, J. H. (1994). Evaluation of a temperament-focused, parent-training program. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 23, 249–259. CrossRef
Shiner, R., & Caspi, A. (2003). Personality differences in childhood and adolescence: Measurement, development, and consequences. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 44, 2–32. CrossRef
Van Leeuwen, K. G., Mervielde, I., De Clercq, B. J., & De Fruyt, F. (2007). Extending the spectrum idea: Child personality, parenting and psychopathology. European Journal of Personality, 21, 63–89. CrossRef
Verhulst, F. C., Van der Ende, J., & Koot, H. M. (1996). Handleiding voor de CBCL/4- 18. [Manual of the CBCL/4-18.] Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam: Afdeling Kinder-en Jeugdpsychiatrie.
Wakabayashi, A., Baron-Cohen, S., & Wheelwright, S. (2006). Are autistic traits an independent personality dimension? A study of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) and the NEO-PI-R. Personality and Individual Differences, 41, 873–883. CrossRef
Warreyn, P., Raymakers, R., & Roeyers, H. (2004). Vragenlijst Sociale Communicatie. [Dutch translation of the Social Communication Questionnaire]. Destelbergen: SIG.
- How Temperament and Personality Contribute to the Maladjustment of Children With Autism
Sarah S. W. De Pauw
Karla G. Van Leeuwen
Barbara J. De Clercq
- Springer US