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Gepubliceerd in:

16-10-2022

Health-related quality of life in patients with substance use disorders enrolled to the residential treatment in Sri Lanka: a retrospective cross-sectional study

Auteurs: Akila R. Jayamaha, Nimesha D. M. Herath, Nishadi D. Dharmarathna, Hasini S. Sandakumari, Nadeeka D. K. Ranadeva, Medhavi M. Fernando, Nirmani A. W. Samarakoon, Priyangi N. Amarabandu, Bhadrani Senanayake, Thamara Darshana, Nilani Renuka, Kerstin L. Samarasinghe, Neluka Fernando

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 2/2023

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Abstract

Purpose

Substance use disorder (SUD) is a serious public health concern that requires continuum care with effective treatment modalities such as residential rehabilitation. Improvement in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is one of the determinants of treatment and rehabilitation effectiveness. Therefore, a retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out in seven residential rehabilitation centres in Sri Lanka to determine the HRQoL of the rehabilitees with SUD.

Method

The HRQoL of 464 individuals at their enrolment and during the rehabilitation period was assessed using EuroQol five-level five-dimensional questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L). Data were analysed using IBM SPSS version 26.

Results

The majority of the participants were Sinhala (n = 419, 90.3%) and Buddhist (n = 368, 79.3%) males (n = 461, 99.4%). Most were unmarried (n = 302, 65.1%), young adults (n = 385, 83.0%) who have pursued secondary or higher education (n = 276, 59.5%) and 87.3% were employed (n = 405). Most of the selected centres use biopsychosocial model (n = 4, 57.1%) as the rehabilitation approach while rest practice therapeutic community (n = 3, 42.9%). The average EQ-5D-5L index [range =( − 0.45)–1.00] of the rehabilitees at their enrolment was 0.52 ± 0.28 and the EQ-5D-5L Visual Analogue Scale (EQ-5D-5L VAS) score (range = 0–100%) was 47.17% ± 23.48%. The values were increased up to 0.83 ± 0.18 (EQ-5D-5L index) and 84.25% ± 16.79% (EQ-5D-5L VAS) during the rehabilitation period. Only 19.4% of the rehabilitees had a normal or upper normal HRQoL (≥ 0.75 EQ-5D-5L Index) at their enrolment and 72.2% of rehabilitees reported normal or upper normal HRQoL during the rehabilitation period.

Conclusion

A significant improvement in the HRQoL of the participants was observed during the residential treatment in comparison to the enrolment, despite the differences in the rehabilitation programs.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Health-related quality of life in patients with substance use disorders enrolled to the residential treatment in Sri Lanka: a retrospective cross-sectional study
Auteurs
Akila R. Jayamaha
Nimesha D. M. Herath
Nishadi D. Dharmarathna
Hasini S. Sandakumari
Nadeeka D. K. Ranadeva
Medhavi M. Fernando
Nirmani A. W. Samarakoon
Priyangi N. Amarabandu
Bhadrani Senanayake
Thamara Darshana
Nilani Renuka
Kerstin L. Samarasinghe
Neluka Fernando
Publicatiedatum
16-10-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 2/2023
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-022-03270-4

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