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27-10-2022

Differences in quality-of-life scores across injury categories by mental health status among injured U.S. military service members and veterans

Auteurs: Judith Harbertson, Andrew J. MacGregor, Cameron T. McCabe, Susan L. Eskridge, Sarah M. Jurick, Jessica R. Watrous, Michael R. Galarneau

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 2/2023

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Abstract

Purpose

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression are strong predictors of poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among injured U.S. military service members (SMs). Patterns of HRQOL between injury categories and injury categories stratified by mental health (MH) symptoms have not been examined. Among deployment-injured SMs and veterans (n = 4353), we examined HRQOL and screening data for PTSD and/or depression within specific injury categories.

Methods

Participants included those enrolled in the Wounded Warrior Recovery Project with complete data for HRQOL (SF-36) from June 2017 to May 2020. Injuries were categorized using the Barell Injury Diagnosis Matrix (Barell Matrix). Mean physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) scores were calculated for each injury category and stratified by the presence or absence of probable PTSD and/or depression.

Results

The average follow-up time that participants were surveyed after injury was 10.7 years. Most participants were male, non-Hispanic White, served in the Army, and enlisted rank. Mechanism of injury for 77% was blast-related. Mean PCS and MCS scores across the entire sample were 43.6 (SD = 10.3) and 39.5 (SD = 13.3), respectively; 50% screened positive for depression and/or PTSD. PCS and MCS scores were significantly lower within each injury category among individuals with probable PTSD and/or depression than those without.

Conclusion

Among deployment-injured SMs, those with probable PTSD and/or depression reported significantly lower HRQOL within injury categories and HRQOL component (i.e., physical or mental) than those without. Findings are consistent with prior reports showing mental health symptoms to be strongly associated with lower HRQOL and suggest integration of mental health treatment into standard care practices to improve long-term HRQOL.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Differences in quality-of-life scores across injury categories by mental health status among injured U.S. military service members and veterans
Auteurs
Judith Harbertson
Andrew J. MacGregor
Cameron T. McCabe
Susan L. Eskridge
Sarah M. Jurick
Jessica R. Watrous
Michael R. Galarneau
Publicatiedatum
27-10-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 2/2023
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-022-03263-3

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