Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

27-02-2017 | Original Article - E‑Learning | Uitgave 5/2017 Open Access

Netherlands Heart Journal 5/2017

Gender-based acute outcome in percutaneous coronary intervention of chronic total coronary occlusion

Tijdschrift:
Netherlands Heart Journal > Uitgave 5/2017
Auteurs:
J. E. Guelker, L. Bansemir, R. Ott, K. Kuhr, B. Koektuerk, R. G. Turan, H. G. Klues, A. Bufe

Abstract

Background

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of total chronic coronary occlusion (CTO) still remains a major challenge. Insignificant data are reported in the literature about gender differences in CTO-PCI in the era of new drug-eluting stents. In this study we analysed the impact of gender on procedural characteristics, complications and acute results.

Methods

Between 2010–2015 we included 780 consecutive patients. They underwent PCI for at least one CTO. Antegrade and retrograde CTO techniques were applied.

Results

Patients undergoing CTO-PCI were mainly men (84%). Male patients were younger (66.9 years ±10.6 vs. 61.1 years ±10.4; p < 0.001), more often smokers, but less frequently had a history of coronary artery disease (24.4% vs. 32.7%; p = 0.085) compared with female patients. Female patients more often had diabetes mellitus (29.6% vs. 26.7%; p = 0.55) and hypertension (82.7% vs. 80.7%; p = 0.55). There were no differences with respect to the amount of contrast fluid, fluoroscopy time and examination time as well as to the length of the stent or the number of the stents. The stent diameter was slightly smaller in women, which was not surprising because the lumen calibre tends to be smaller in women than in men (3.0 mm (2.5–3) vs. 3.0 mm (3–3.5); p < 0.001). The success rates were 81.0% in women and 80.1% in men. There was no significant interaction between gender and procedural success and complication rates.

Conclusions

Our retrospective study suggests that women and men have a comparable success rate at a low complication rate after recanalisation of CTO.

Onze productaanbevelingen

Netherlands Heart Journal

Het Netherlands Heart Journal wordt uitgegeven in samenwerking met de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Cardiologie en de Nederlandse Hartstichting. Het tijdschrift is Engelstalig en wordt gratis beschikbaa ...

Literatuur
Over dit artikel

Andere artikelen Uitgave 5/2017

Netherlands Heart Journal 5/2017 Naar de uitgave