Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 5/2024

13-02-2024 | Original Paper

Etch the Emotional Life: Mother-Child Emotion Socialization from Age 3 to 6 Years

Auteurs: Danhua Zhu, Jenna B. Terry, Karen E. Talley, Martha Ann Bell, Julie C. Dunsmore

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 5/2024

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Emotion socialization is conceptualized as a relational process, yet children’s role in socializing parents’ emotions is rarely considered. This study explored longitudinal patterns of mother-child emotion socialization from early to middle childhood. Participants were 349 children (51% boys, 49% girls) and their mothers from the southeastern United States. Children were 79.4% White, 12% Black or African American, and 8.3% multi-racial or other; 6.3% were Hispanic/Latino. Mother-child dyads completed an etch-a-sketch task when children were 3, 4, and 6 years old. At each time, mothers’ and children’s expression, coaching, and dismissing of positive and negative emotions were observed. Hierarchical Linear Modeling analyses identified developmental trajectories and within-dyad associations of emotion coaching and dismissing with emotion expression. Over time, expression of positive emotions decreased and expression of negative emotions showed no change for both mothers and children. Mothers decreased in coaching children’s positive emotions and showed no change in coaching children’s negative emotions. Children increased in coaching mothers’ positive emotions and showed no change in coaching mothers’ negative emotions over time. Both mothers and children decreased in dismissing emotions over time. Within dyads, mothers’ increases in coaching and in dismissing related to children’s increased expression. Children’s increases in coaching related to mothers’ increased expression. Findings highlight complexity and dynamics of emotion socialization processes over time.
Literatuur
go back to reference Bakeman, R., & Quera, V. (2012). Behavioral observation. In H. Cooper, P. M. Camic, D. L. Long, A. T. Panter, D. Rindskopf, & K. J. Sher (Eds.), APA handbook of research methods in psychology, Vol. 1. Foundations, planning, measures, and psychometrics (pp. 207–225). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/13619-013. Bakeman, R., & Quera, V. (2012). Behavioral observation. In H. Cooper, P. M. Camic, D. L. Long, A. T. Panter, D. Rindskopf, & K. J. Sher (Eds.), APA handbook of research methods in psychology, Vol. 1. Foundations, planning, measures, and psychometrics (pp. 207–225). American Psychological Association. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​13619-013.
go back to reference Dix, T. (2000). Understanding what motivates sensitive parenting. Psychological Inquiry, 11(2), 94–97. Dix, T. (2000). Understanding what motivates sensitive parenting. Psychological Inquiry, 11(2), 94–97.
go back to reference Dunbar, A. S., Leerkes, E. M., Coard, S. I., Supple, A. J., & Calkins, S. (2017). An integrative conceptual model of parental racial/ethnic and emotion socialization and links to children’s social‐emotional development among African American families. Child Development Perspectives, 11(1), 16–22. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdep.12218.CrossRef Dunbar, A. S., Leerkes, E. M., Coard, S. I., Supple, A. J., & Calkins, S. (2017). An integrative conceptual model of parental racial/ethnic and emotion socialization and links to children’s social‐emotional development among African American families. Child Development Perspectives, 11(1), 16–22. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1111/​cdep.​12218.CrossRef
go back to reference Fivush, R., & Zaman, W. (2015). Gendered narrative voices: Sociocultural and feminist approaches to emerging identity in childhood and adolescence. In K. C. McLean & M. Syed (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of identity development (pp. 33–52). Oxford University Press. Fivush, R., & Zaman, W. (2015). Gendered narrative voices: Sociocultural and feminist approaches to emerging identity in childhood and adolescence. In K. C. McLean & M. Syed (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of identity development (pp. 33–52). Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Gottman, J. M., Katz, L. F., & Hooven, C. (1997). Meta-emotion: How families communicate emotionally. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. Gottman, J. M., Katz, L. F., & Hooven, C. (1997). Meta-emotion: How families communicate emotionally. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
go back to reference Parker, A. E., Halberstadt, A. G., Dunsmore, J. C., Townley, G., Bryant Jr, A., Thompson, J. A., & Beale, K. S. (2012). “Emotions are a window into one’s heart”: A qualitative analysis of parental beliefs about children’s emotions across three ethnic groups. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, i–144. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23256677. Parker, A. E., Halberstadt, A. G., Dunsmore, J. C., Townley, G., Bryant Jr, A., Thompson, J. A., & Beale, K. S. (2012). “Emotions are a window into one’s heart”: A qualitative analysis of parental beliefs about children’s emotions across three ethnic groups. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, i–144. https://​www.​jstor.​org/​stable/​23256677.
go back to reference Raudenbush, S. W., & Bryk, A. S. (2002). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods (Vol. 1). Sage. Raudenbush, S. W., & Bryk, A. S. (2002). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods (Vol. 1). Sage.
go back to reference Raudenbush, S. W., Bryk, A. S., Cheong, Y. F., Congdon, R. T., Jr, & du Toit, M. (2011). HLM 7: Hierarchical linear and nonlinear modeling. Scientific Software International. Raudenbush, S. W., Bryk, A. S., Cheong, Y. F., Congdon, R. T., Jr, & du Toit, M. (2011). HLM 7: Hierarchical linear and nonlinear modeling. Scientific Software International.
go back to reference Saarni, C. (2008). The interface of emotional development with social context. In M. Lewis, J. M. Haviland-Jones, & L. F. Barrett (Eds.), Handbook of emotions (3rd ed., pp. 332–347). The Guilford Press. Saarni, C. (2008). The interface of emotional development with social context. In M. Lewis, J. M. Haviland-Jones, & L. F. Barrett (Eds.), Handbook of emotions (3rd ed., pp. 332–347). The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Saarni, C., Campos, J. J., Camras, L. A., & Witherington, D. (2006). Emotional development: Action, communication, and understanding. In N. Eisenberg (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3 social, emotional, and personality development (6th ed., pp. 226–299). John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Saarni, C., Campos, J. J., Camras, L. A., & Witherington, D. (2006). Emotional development: Action, communication, and understanding. In N. Eisenberg (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3 social, emotional, and personality development (6th ed., pp. 226–299). John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
go back to reference Singer, J., & Willet, J. (2003). Applied longitudinal data analysis. Oxford University Press.CrossRef Singer, J., & Willet, J. (2003). Applied longitudinal data analysis. Oxford University Press.CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Etch the Emotional Life: Mother-Child Emotion Socialization from Age 3 to 6 Years
Auteurs
Danhua Zhu
Jenna B. Terry
Karen E. Talley
Martha Ann Bell
Julie C. Dunsmore
Publicatiedatum
13-02-2024
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 5/2024
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-024-02799-x

Andere artikelen Uitgave 5/2024

Journal of Child and Family Studies 5/2024 Naar de uitgave