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01-04-2013 | Uitgave 3/2013

Quality of Life Research 3/2013

Environmental risk and protective factors of adolescents’ and youths’ mental health: differences between parents’ appraisal and self-reports

Tijdschrift:
Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 3/2013
Auteurs:
Ester Villalonga Olives, Carlos Garcia Forero, Alberto Maydeu-Olivares, Josué Almansa, Jorge A. Palacio Vieira, Jose M. Valderas, Montserrat Ferrer, Luis Rajmil, Jordi Alonso
Belangrijke opmerkingen
An erratum to this article can be found at http://​dx.​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s11136-012-0304-6.

Abstract

Purpose

We investigated the effect of parents’ mental health, life events, and home life (among other factors) on adolescents’/youths’ mental health, whether such an effect varies when several variables are assessed jointly, and also whether the informant source of the mental health problem modifies the estimations.

Methods

We studied a representative sample of 454 Spanish adolescents/youths studied longitudinally (2 assessments, 3 years apart). We considered factors associated with adolescents’/youths’ mental health (conduct, emotional, and hyperactivity scores [SDQ]): risk factors (parents’ mental health and life events) and mediators (social and financial support). Structural equation modeling was applied. We constructed two models: (a) with parents’ SDQ responses and (b) with self-reported SDQ responses (in a subsample of N = 260).

Results

Model fit was adequate for parents’ appraisal. Parents’ mental health (p < 0.05) and undesirable life events (p < 0.05) were the most important risk factors. The same model showed poorer fit when self-reported measures were used. Home life exerted a stronger protective effect on adolescents’/youths’ mental health when reported by adolescents/youths. The negative effect of parents’ mental health was significantly protected by home life in emotional [−0.14 (0.07)] and hyperactivity scores [−0.2 (0.08)].

Conclusions

Even in the presence of other factors, parents’ mental health has an important effect on adolescents’/youths’ mental health. Good levels of home life are protective, especially when adolescents’/youths’ mental health is self-reported.

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