Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 2/2006

01-04-2006

Does Body Image Play a Role in Risky Sexual Behavior and Attitudes?

Auteurs: Meghan M. Gillen, Eva S. Lefkowitz, Cindy L. Shearer

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 2/2006

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Body image and sexuality, both physically-oriented domains of the self, are likely linked, but few studies have examined their associations. In the present investigation, we studied emerging adult undergraduates (ages 17–19), focusing specifically on risky sexual behaviors and attitudes. Participants (N=434) completed a survey on body image, lifetime sexual behavior, sexual double standard attitudes, and attitudes about condoms. Males who evaluated their appearance more positively and who were more oriented toward their appearance were more likely to report risky sexual behavior, yet females who evaluated their appearance more positively were less likely to report risky sexual behavior. For most sexual attitudes, patterns did not differ by gender. Individuals who were more oriented toward their appearance believed more in the sexual double standard, and those who had more positive evaluations of their appearance perceived fewer barriers to using condoms. Intervention implications are discussed.
Literatuur
go back to reference Ackard, D. M., Kearney-Cooke, A., and Peterson, C. B. (2000). Effect of body image and self-image on women's sexual behaviors. Int. J. Eat. Disord. 28: 422–429. CrossRefPubMed Ackard, D. M., Kearney-Cooke, A., and Peterson, C. B. (2000). Effect of body image and self-image on women's sexual behaviors. Int. J. Eat. Disord. 28: 422–429. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Amaro, H. (1995). Love, sex, and power: Considering women's realities in HIV prevention. Am. Psychol. 50: 437–447. CrossRefPubMed Amaro, H. (1995). Love, sex, and power: Considering women's realities in HIV prevention. Am. Psychol. 50: 437–447. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Arnett, J. J. (2000). Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. Am. Psychol. 55: 469–480. CrossRefPubMed Arnett, J. J. (2000). Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. Am. Psychol. 55: 469–480. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bandura, A. (1989). Regulation of cognitive processes through perceived self-efficacy. Dev. Psychol. 25: 729–735. CrossRef Bandura, A. (1989). Regulation of cognitive processes through perceived self-efficacy. Dev. Psychol. 25: 729–735. CrossRef
go back to reference Barkley, T. W., and Burns, J. L. (2000). Factor analysis of the Condom Use Self-Efficacy Scale among multicultural college students. Health Educ. Res. 15: 485–486. CrossRefPubMed Barkley, T. W., and Burns, J. L. (2000). Factor analysis of the Condom Use Self-Efficacy Scale among multicultural college students. Health Educ. Res. 15: 485–486. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Basen-Engquist, K., Masse, L., Coyle, K., Parcel, G. S., Banspach, S., Kirby, D., and Nodora, J. (1996). Validity of scales measuring the psychosocial determinants of HIV/STD-related risk behavior in adolescents. Unpublished manuscript. Basen-Engquist, K., Masse, L., Coyle, K., Parcel, G. S., Banspach, S., Kirby, D., and Nodora, J. (1996). Validity of scales measuring the psychosocial determinants of HIV/STD-related risk behavior in adolescents. Unpublished manuscript.
go back to reference Boone, T. L., and Lefkowitz, E. S. (2004). Safer sex and the health belief model: Considering the contributions of peer norms and socialization factors. J. Psychol. Hum. Sexuality 16: 51–68. CrossRef Boone, T. L., and Lefkowitz, E. S. (2004). Safer sex and the health belief model: Considering the contributions of peer norms and socialization factors. J. Psychol. Hum. Sexuality 16: 51–68. CrossRef
go back to reference Brower, K. J., Blow, F. C., and Hill, E. M. (1994). Risk factors for anabolic-androgenic steroid use in men. J. Psychiatr. Res. 28: 369–380. CrossRefPubMed Brower, K. J., Blow, F. C., and Hill, E. M. (1994). Risk factors for anabolic-androgenic steroid use in men. J. Psychiatr. Res. 28: 369–380. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Carter, J. A., McNair, L. D., Corbin, W. R., and Williams, M. (1999). Gender differences related to heterosexual condom use: The influence of negotiation styles. J. Sex Marital Therapy 25: 217–225. CrossRef Carter, J. A., McNair, L. D., Corbin, W. R., and Williams, M. (1999). Gender differences related to heterosexual condom use: The influence of negotiation styles. J. Sex Marital Therapy 25: 217–225. CrossRef
go back to reference Cash, T. F. (2000). Users’ Manual for the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire. Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA. Cash, T. F. (2000). Users’ Manual for the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire. Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA.
go back to reference Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2005a). BMI for adults: Body mass index formula. Retrieved May 4, 2005, from http://​www.​cdc.​gov/​nccdphp/​dnpa/​bmi/​bmi-adult formula.htm. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2005a). BMI for adults: Body mass index formula. Retrieved May 4, 2005, from http://​www.​cdc.​gov/​nccdphp/​dnpa/​bmi/​bmi-adult formula.htm.
go back to reference Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2005b). BMI for adults: What does this all mean? Retrieved May 4, 2005, from http://​www.​cdc.​gov/​nccdphp/​dnpa/​bmi/​bmi-means.​htm.​ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2005b). BMI for adults: What does this all mean? Retrieved May 4, 2005, from http://​www.​cdc.​gov/​nccdphp/​dnpa/​bmi/​bmi-means.​htm.​
go back to reference Crawford, M., and Popp, D. (2003). Sexual double standards: A review and methodological critique of two decades of research. J. Sex Res. 40: 13–26. PubMed Crawford, M., and Popp, D. (2003). Sexual double standards: A review and methodological critique of two decades of research. J. Sex Res. 40: 13–26. PubMed
go back to reference Davis, C., Dionne, M., and Shuster, B. (2001). Physical and psychological correlates of appearance orientation. Pers. Individ. Differ. 30: 21–30. CrossRef Davis, C., Dionne, M., and Shuster, B. (2001). Physical and psychological correlates of appearance orientation. Pers. Individ. Differ. 30: 21–30. CrossRef
go back to reference Davis, C., Karvinen, K., and McCreary, D. R. (2005). Personality correlates of a drive for muscularity in young men. Pers. Individ. Differ. 39: 349–359. CrossRef Davis, C., Karvinen, K., and McCreary, D. R. (2005). Personality correlates of a drive for muscularity in young men. Pers. Individ. Differ. 39: 349–359. CrossRef
go back to reference Espinosa-Hernandez, M. G., and Lefkowitz, E. S. (2005). Sexuality, ethnicity, and ethnic identity in emerging adulthood. Manuscript in preparation. Espinosa-Hernandez, M. G., and Lefkowitz, E. S. (2005). Sexuality, ethnicity, and ethnic identity in emerging adulthood. Manuscript in preparation.
go back to reference Faith, M. S., and Schare, M. L. (1993). The role of body image in sexually avoidant behavior. Arch. Sexual Behav. 22: 345–356. CrossRef Faith, M. S., and Schare, M. L. (1993). The role of body image in sexually avoidant behavior. Arch. Sexual Behav. 22: 345–356. CrossRef
go back to reference Forbes, G. B., Doroszewicz, K., Card, K., and Adams-Curtis, L. (2004). Association of the thin body ideal, ambivalent sexism, and self-esteem with body acceptance and the preferred body size of college women in Poland and the United States. Sex Roles 50: 331–345. CrossRef Forbes, G. B., Doroszewicz, K., Card, K., and Adams-Curtis, L. (2004). Association of the thin body ideal, ambivalent sexism, and self-esteem with body acceptance and the preferred body size of college women in Poland and the United States. Sex Roles 50: 331–345. CrossRef
go back to reference Fredrickson, B. L., Roberts, T., Noll, S. M., Quinn, D. M., and Twenge, J. M. (1998). That swimsuit becomes you: Sex differences in self-objectification, restrained eating, and math performance. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 75: 269–284. CrossRefPubMed Fredrickson, B. L., Roberts, T., Noll, S. M., Quinn, D. M., and Twenge, J. M. (1998). That swimsuit becomes you: Sex differences in self-objectification, restrained eating, and math performance. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 75: 269–284. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gagnon, J. H. (1977). Human Sexualities. Scott Foresman, Glenview, IL. Gagnon, J. H. (1977). Human Sexualities. Scott Foresman, Glenview, IL.
go back to reference Gillen, M. M., and Lefkowitz, E. S. (2005). Gender role development and body image among male and female first year college students. Manuscript submitted for publication. Gillen, M. M., and Lefkowitz, E. S. (2005). Gender role development and body image among male and female first year college students. Manuscript submitted for publication.
go back to reference Granner, M. L., Black, D. R., and Abood, D. A. (2002). Levels of cigarette and alcohol use related to eating-disorder attitudes. Am. J. Health Behav. 26: 43–55. PubMed Granner, M. L., Black, D. R., and Abood, D. A. (2002). Levels of cigarette and alcohol use related to eating-disorder attitudes. Am. J. Health Behav. 26: 43–55. PubMed
go back to reference Halkitis, P. N., Green, K. A., and Wilton, L. (2004). Masculinity, body image, and sexual behavior in HIV-seropositive gay men: A two-phase formative behavioral investigation using the internet. Int. J. Men's Health 3: 27–42. CrossRef Halkitis, P. N., Green, K. A., and Wilton, L. (2004). Masculinity, body image, and sexual behavior in HIV-seropositive gay men: A two-phase formative behavioral investigation using the internet. Int. J. Men's Health 3: 27–42. CrossRef
go back to reference Jaccard, J., and Wan, C. K. (1995). Measurement error in the analysis of interaction effects between continuous predictors using multiple regression: Multiple indicator and structural equation approaches. Psychol. Bull. 117: 348–357. CrossRef Jaccard, J., and Wan, C. K. (1995). Measurement error in the analysis of interaction effects between continuous predictors using multiple regression: Multiple indicator and structural equation approaches. Psychol. Bull. 117: 348–357. CrossRef
go back to reference Jemmott, L. S., and Jemmott, J. B. (1992). Increasing condom-use intentions among sexually active black adolescent women. Nurs. Res. 41: 273–279. PubMed Jemmott, L. S., and Jemmott, J. B. (1992). Increasing condom-use intentions among sexually active black adolescent women. Nurs. Res. 41: 273–279. PubMed
go back to reference Klemchuk, H. P., Hutchinson, C. B., and Frank, R. I. (1990). Body dissatisfaction and eating-related problems on the college campus: Usefulness of the Eating Disorder Inventory with a non-clinical population. J. Counsel. Psychol. 37: 297–305. CrossRef Klemchuk, H. P., Hutchinson, C. B., and Frank, R. I. (1990). Body dissatisfaction and eating-related problems on the college campus: Usefulness of the Eating Disorder Inventory with a non-clinical population. J. Counsel. Psychol. 37: 297–305. CrossRef
go back to reference Langer, L. M., Warheit, G. J., and McDonald, L. P. (2001). Correlates and predictors of risky sexual practices among a multi-racial/ethnic sample of university students. Soc. Behav. Pers. 29: 133–144. CrossRef Langer, L. M., Warheit, G. J., and McDonald, L. P. (2001). Correlates and predictors of risky sexual practices among a multi-racial/ethnic sample of university students. Soc. Behav. Pers. 29: 133–144. CrossRef
go back to reference McClelland, G. H., and Judd, C. M. (1993). Statistical difficulties of detecting interactions and moderator effects. Psychol. Bull. 114: 376–390. CrossRefPubMed McClelland, G. H., and Judd, C. M. (1993). Statistical difficulties of detecting interactions and moderator effects. Psychol. Bull. 114: 376–390. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Michael, R. T., Gagnon, J. H., Laumann, E. O., and Kolata, G. (1994). Sex in America: A definitive survey. Warner Books, New York. Michael, R. T., Gagnon, J. H., Laumann, E. O., and Kolata, G. (1994). Sex in America: A definitive survey. Warner Books, New York.
go back to reference Miller, K. J., Gleaves, D. H., Hirsch, T. G., Green, B. A., Snow, A. C., and Corbett, C. C. (2000). Comparisons of body image dimensions by race/ethnicity and gender in a university population. Int. J. Eat. Disord. 27: 310–316. CrossRefPubMed Miller, K. J., Gleaves, D. H., Hirsch, T. G., Green, B. A., Snow, A. C., and Corbett, C. C. (2000). Comparisons of body image dimensions by race/ethnicity and gender in a university population. Int. J. Eat. Disord. 27: 310–316. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Morgan, C. D., Wiederman, M. W., and Pryor, T. L. (1995). Sexual functioning and attitudes of eating-disordered women: A follow-up study. J. Sex Marital Therapy 21: 67–77. Morgan, C. D., Wiederman, M. W., and Pryor, T. L. (1995). Sexual functioning and attitudes of eating-disordered women: A follow-up study. J. Sex Marital Therapy 21: 67–77.
go back to reference Muehlenhard, C. L., and Quackenbush, D. M. (1996). The social meaning of women's condom use: The sexual double standard and beliefs about the meaning ascribed to condom use. Unpublished manuscript. Muehlenhard, C. L., and Quackenbush, D. M. (1996). The social meaning of women's condom use: The sexual double standard and beliefs about the meaning ascribed to condom use. Unpublished manuscript.
go back to reference Orbach, I. (1996). The role of the body experience in self-destruction. Clin. Child Psychol. Psychiatry 1: 607–619. CrossRef Orbach, I. (1996). The role of the body experience in self-destruction. Clin. Child Psychol. Psychiatry 1: 607–619. CrossRef
go back to reference Patel, K. A., and Gray, J. J. (2001). Judgment accuracy in body preferences among African-Americans. Sex Roles 44: 227–235. CrossRef Patel, K. A., and Gray, J. J. (2001). Judgment accuracy in body preferences among African-Americans. Sex Roles 44: 227–235. CrossRef
go back to reference Pleck, J. H., Sonenstein, F. L., and Ku, L. C. (1993). Masculinity ideology: Its impact on adolescent males’ heterosexual relationships. J. Soc. Issues 49: 11–29. CrossRef Pleck, J. H., Sonenstein, F. L., and Ku, L. C. (1993). Masculinity ideology: Its impact on adolescent males’ heterosexual relationships. J. Soc. Issues 49: 11–29. CrossRef
go back to reference Polivy, J., and Herman, C. P. (2002). Causes of eating disorders. Annu. Rev. Psychol. 53: 187–213. CrossRefPubMed Polivy, J., and Herman, C. P. (2002). Causes of eating disorders. Annu. Rev. Psychol. 53: 187–213. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Shearer, C. L., Hosterman, S. J., Gillen, M. M., and Lefkowitz, E. S. (2005). Are traditional gender role attitudes associated with risky sexual behavior and attitudes about condom use? Sex Roles 52: 311–324. CrossRef Shearer, C. L., Hosterman, S. J., Gillen, M. M., and Lefkowitz, E. S. (2005). Are traditional gender role attitudes associated with risky sexual behavior and attitudes about condom use? Sex Roles 52: 311–324. CrossRef
go back to reference Sheeran, P., Abraham, C., and Orbell, S. (1999). Psychosocial correlates of heterosexual condom use: A meta-analysis. Psychol. Bull. 125: 90–132. CrossRefPubMed Sheeran, P., Abraham, C., and Orbell, S. (1999). Psychosocial correlates of heterosexual condom use: A meta-analysis. Psychol. Bull. 125: 90–132. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Simkins, L. (1995). Risk of HIV transmission in sexual behaviors of college students. Psychol. Rep. 76: 787–799. PubMed Simkins, L. (1995). Risk of HIV transmission in sexual behaviors of college students. Psychol. Rep. 76: 787–799. PubMed
go back to reference Sprecher, S., and Regan, P. C. (1996). College virgins: How men and women perceive their sexual status. J. Sex Res. 33: 3–15. Sprecher, S., and Regan, P. C. (1996). College virgins: How men and women perceive their sexual status. J. Sex Res. 33: 3–15.
go back to reference Striegel-Moore, R. H., Silberstein, L. R., and Rodin, J. (1986). Toward an understanding of risk factors for bulimia. Am. Psychol. 41: 246–263. CrossRefPubMed Striegel-Moore, R. H., Silberstein, L. R., and Rodin, J. (1986). Toward an understanding of risk factors for bulimia. Am. Psychol. 41: 246–263. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Thompson, M. A., and Gray, J. J. (1995). Development and validation of a new body-image assessment scale. J. Pers. Assess. 64: 258–269. CrossRefPubMed Thompson, M. A., and Gray, J. J. (1995). Development and validation of a new body-image assessment scale. J. Pers. Assess. 64: 258–269. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Trapnell, P. D., Meston, C. M., and Gorzalka, B. B. (1997). Spectatoring and the relationships between body image and sexual experience: Self-focus or self-valence? J. Sex Res. 34: 267–278. Trapnell, P. D., Meston, C. M., and Gorzalka, B. B. (1997). Spectatoring and the relationships between body image and sexual experience: Self-focus or self-valence? J. Sex Res. 34: 267–278.
go back to reference Wiederman, M. W. (2000). Women's body image self-consciousness during physical intimacy with a partner. J. Sex Res. 37: 60–68. Wiederman, M. W. (2000). Women's body image self-consciousness during physical intimacy with a partner. J. Sex Res. 37: 60–68.
go back to reference Wiederman, M. W., and Hurst, S. R. (1998). Body size, physical attractiveness, and body image among young adult women: Relationships to sexual experience and sexual esteem. J. Sex Res. 35: 272–281. CrossRef Wiederman, M. W., and Hurst, S. R. (1998). Body size, physical attractiveness, and body image among young adult women: Relationships to sexual experience and sexual esteem. J. Sex Res. 35: 272–281. CrossRef
go back to reference Wild, L. G., Flisher, A. J., Bhana, A., and Lombard, C. (2004a). Substance abuse, suicidality, and self-esteem in South African adolescents. J. Drug Educ. 34: 1–17. CrossRefPubMed Wild, L. G., Flisher, A. J., Bhana, A., and Lombard, C. (2004a). Substance abuse, suicidality, and self-esteem in South African adolescents. J. Drug Educ. 34: 1–17. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Wild, L. G., Flisher, A. J., Bhana, A., and Lombard, C. (2004b). Associations among adolescent risk behaviours and self-esteem in six domains. J. Child Psychol. Psychiatry 45: 1454–1467. PubMedCrossRef Wild, L. G., Flisher, A. J., Bhana, A., and Lombard, C. (2004b). Associations among adolescent risk behaviours and self-esteem in six domains. J. Child Psychol. Psychiatry 45: 1454–1467. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wingood, G. M., DiClemente, R. J., Harrington, K., and Davies, S. L. (2002). Body image and African-American females’ sexual health. J. Women's Health Gender-Based Med. 11: 433–439. CrossRef Wingood, G. M., DiClemente, R. J., Harrington, K., and Davies, S. L. (2002). Body image and African-American females’ sexual health. J. Women's Health Gender-Based Med. 11: 433–439. CrossRef
go back to reference Yates, A., Edman, J., and Aruguete, M. (2004). Ethnic differences in BMI and body/self-dissatisfaction among Whites, Asian subgroups, Pacific Islanders, and African-Americans. J. Adolesc. Health 34: 300–307. CrossRefPubMed Yates, A., Edman, J., and Aruguete, M. (2004). Ethnic differences in BMI and body/self-dissatisfaction among Whites, Asian subgroups, Pacific Islanders, and African-Americans. J. Adolesc. Health 34: 300–307. CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Does Body Image Play a Role in Risky Sexual Behavior and Attitudes?
Auteurs
Meghan M. Gillen
Eva S. Lefkowitz
Cindy L. Shearer
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2006
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 2/2006
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-005-9005-6

Andere artikelen Uitgave 2/2006

Journal of Youth and Adolescence 2/2006 Naar de uitgave