27-02-2023 | ORIGINAL PAPER
Do Mindfulness-Based Interventions Reduce Burnout of College Students in China? A Randomized Controlled Trial
Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 4/2023Log in om toegang te krijgen
There is an increasing recognition of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) as a promising way to reduce burnout. However, inconsistent results were found on the effect among college students. In addition, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The aims of this study were to explore the effect of a mindfulness-based training program on burnout in college student population and to examine if changes in mindfulness mediate the intervention effect.
A total of 128 college students (M = 21.36 years, SD = 2.76 years) were randomized into an intervention group (n = 64) or a wait-list control group (n = 64). The intervention consisted of eight sections of mindfulness training courses. Measures on mindfulness and burnout were administered at the baseline, post-intervention, and 3-month follow-up.
Compared to those in the control group, participants in the intervention group reported a significant increase in mindfulness and a decrease in burnout both at post-intervention (mindfulness: F = 22.41, p < 0.01, partial η2 = 0.15; burnout: F = 8.24, p < 0.01, partial η2 = 0.06) and 3-month follow-up (mindfulness: F = 16.29, p < 0.01, partial η2 = 0.12; burnout: F = 9.24, p < 0.01, partial η2 = 0.07). Mediation analyses demonstrated that the increase in mindfulness fully mediated the intervention effect on burnout.
Mindfulness-based training programs can effectively reduce burnout among college students, and the effect appears to be mediated by changes in mindfulness levels.
This study is not preregistered.