Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Irregular and insufficient sleep place youth at risk for adverse psychological and physical health outcomes. Recent research indicates that discrimination constitutes a type of stressor that interferes with adolescent sleep; however, the mechanisms through which discrimination affects sleep are not well understood. This study examined whether ethnic and non-ethnic (i.e., gender, age, and height/weight) discrimination were associated with adolescents’ sleep duration, variability, and quality, and whether loneliness and perceived stress mediated these associations. An ethnically-diverse sample (42% Latino, 29% European American, 23% Asian) of adolescents (N = 316; M age = 16.40 years, 57% girls) reported on their experiences of discrimination, perceived stress, and loneliness. Sleep duration and variability were assessed by actigraphy and sleep quality through self-reports. Ethnic discrimination was related to shorter sleep duration and both ethnic and non-ethnic discrimination were associated with worse sleep quality. Loneliness and perceived stress partially mediated the relation between discrimination and sleep quality. Discriminatory experiences can heighten feelings of loneliness and stress, which, in turn, may contribute to diminished sleep quality during adolescence.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychological Association. (2016). Stress in America: The impact of discrimination. (Press release). www.apa.org/news/press/releases/stress/2015/impact-ofdiscrimination.pdf.
Asarnow, L. D., McGlinchey, E., & Harvey, A. G. (2014). The effects of bedtime and sleep duration on academic and emotional outcomes in a nationally representative sample of adolescents. The Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 54, 350–356. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.09.004. CrossRef
Benner, A. D., & Graham, S. (2011). Latino adolescents’ experiences of discrimination across the first 2 years of high school: Correlates and influences on educational outcomes. Child Development, 82, 508–519. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01524.x. CrossRefPubMed
Clark, R., Coleman, A. P., & Novak, J. D. (2004). Brief report: Initial psychometric properties of the Everyday Discrimination Scale in Black adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 27, 363–368. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2003.09.004. CrossRefPubMed
Dahl, R. E., & Lewin, D. S. (2002). Pathways to adolescent health sleep regulation and behavior. The Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 31, 175–184. doi:S1054139X02005062. CrossRef
Dewald, J. F., Meijer, A. M., Oort, F. J., Kerkhof, G. A., & Bögels, S. M. (2014). Adolescents’ sleep in low-stress and high-stress (exam) times: A prospective quasi-experiment. Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 12, 493–506. https://doi.org/10.1080/15402002.2012.670675. CrossRefPubMed
Dulin-Keita, A., Hannon, L., Fernandez, J. R., & Cockerham, W. C. (2011). The defining moment: Children’s conceptualization of race and experiences with racial discrimination. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 34, 662–682. https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2011.535906. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Eisenberg, M. E., Neumark-Sztainer, D., & Story, M. (2003). Association of weight-based teasing and emotional well-being among adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 32, 121. doi://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.library.csulb.edu/10.1016/S1054-139X(02)00610-9. CrossRef
El-Sheikh, M., Buckhalt, J. A., Mize, J., & Acebo, C. (2006). Marital conflict and disruption of children’s sleep. Child Development, 77, 31–43. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00854.x. CrossRefPubMed
Flores, E., Tschann, J. M., Dimas, J. M., Bachen, E. A., Pasch, L. A., & de Groat, C. L. (2008). Perceived discrimination, perceived stress, and mental and physical health among Mexican-origin adults. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 30, 401–424. https://doi.org/10.1177/0739986308323056. CrossRef
Fuligni, A. J., & Hardway, C. (2006). Daily variation in adolescents’ sleep, activities, and psychological well-being. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 16, 353–378. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7795.2006.00498.x. CrossRef
Grandner, M., Hale, L., Jackson, N., Patel, N., Gooneratne, N., & Troxel, M. (2012). Perceived racial discrimination as an independent predictor of sleep disturbance and daytime fatigue. Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 10, 235–249. https://doi.org/10.1080/15402002.2012.654548. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Greenleaf, C., Chambliss, H., Rhea, D. J., Martin, S. B., & Morrow, Jr., J. R. (2006). Weight stereotypes and behavioral intentions toward thin and fat peers among White and Hispanic adolescents. The Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 39, 546–552. doi:S1054-139X(06)00027-9. CrossRef
Huynh, V. W., & Fuligni, A. J. (2010). Discrimination hurts: The academic, psychological, and physical well-being of adolescents. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 20, 916–941. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7795.2010.00670.x. CrossRef
Huynh, V. W., & Gillen-O’Neel, C. (2013). Discrimination and sleep: The protective role of school belonging. Youth & Society, https://doi.org/10.1177/0044118X13506720.
Kuo, S. I., Updegraff, K. A., Zeiders, K. H., McHale, S. M., Umana-Taylor, A. J., & De Jesus, S. A. (2015). Mexican American adolescents’ sleep patterns: Contextual correlates and implications for health and adjustment in young adulthood. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 44, 346–361. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-014-0156-1. CrossRefPubMed
Leaper, C., & Brown, C. S. (2008). Perceived experiences with sexism among adolescent girls. Child Development, 79, 685–704. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2008.01151.x. CrossRefPubMed
Liu, D., Yu, X., Wang, Y., Zhang, H., & Ren, G. (2014). The impact of perception of discrimination and sense of belonging on the loneliness of the children of Chinese migrant workers: A structural equation modeling analysis. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 8, 52. https://doi.org/10.1186/1752-4458-8-52. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
MacKinnon, D. P. (2008). Introduction to statistical mediation analysis. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
MacKinnon, D. P., Fairchild, A. J., & Fritz, M. S. (2007). Mediation analysis. Annual Review of Psychology, 58, 593. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.58.110405.085542. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Marino, M., Li, Y., Rueschman, M. N., Winkelman, J. W., Ellenbogen, J. M., Solet, J. M., et al. (2013). Measuring sleep: Accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of wrist actigraphy compared to polysomnography. Sleep, 36, 1747–1755. https://doi.org/10.5665/sleep.3142. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
McCabe, J. (2009). Racial and gender microaggressions on a predominantly-White campus: Experiences of Black, Latina/o and White undergraduates. Race, Gender & Class, 16, 133–151.
Neto, F. (2002). Loneliness and acculturation among adolescents from immigrant families in Portugal. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32, 630–647. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.2002.tb00234.x. CrossRef
Steffen, P. R., & Bowden, M. (2006). Sleep disturbance mediates the relationship between perceived racism and depressive symptoms. Ethnicity and Disease, 16, 16–21. PubMed
Sutin, A. R., Stephan, Y., Carretta, H., & Terracciano, A. (2015). Perceived discrimination and physical, cognitive, and emotional health in older adulthood. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 23, 171–179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jagp.2014.03.007. CrossRefPubMed
Tang-Peronard, J. L., & Heitmann, B. L. (2008). Stigmatization of obese children and adolescents, the importance of gender. Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 9, 522–534. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2008.00509.x. CrossRef
Thoits, P. A. (2010). Stress and health: Major findings and policy implications. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 51, Suppl, 41. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022146510383499.
Tomfohr, L., Pung, M. A., Edwards, K. M., & Dimsdale, J. E. (2012). Racial differences in sleep architecture: The role of ethnic discrimination. Biological Psychology, 89, 34–38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2011.09.002. CrossRefPubMed
Torres, L., Driscoll, M. W., & Burrow, A. L. (2010). Racial microaggressions and psychological functioning among highly achieving African-Americans: A mixed-methods approach. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 29, 1074–1099. https://doi.org/10.1521/jscp.2010.29.10.1074. CrossRef
United States Department of Health and Human Services. (2016). Sleep health. https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/sleep-health/objectives.
Watson, J., & Nesdale, D. (2012). Rejection sensitivity, social withdrawal, and loneliness in young adults. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 42, 1984–2005. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.2012.00927.x. CrossRef
Zebrowitz, L. A, & Montepare, J. M. (2000). Too young, too old: Stigmatizing adolescents and the elderly. In: T. Heatherton, R. Kleck, M. Hebl, & J. G. Hull (Eds.) The social psychology of stigma. (pp. 334) New York: Guilford Press.
- Discrimination and Sleep Difficulties during Adolescence: The Mediating Roles of Loneliness and Perceived Stress
Kim M. Tsai
Virginia W. Huynh
Andrew J. Fuligni
- Springer US