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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 1/2018

21-11-2017 | Empirical Research

Discrimination and Sleep Difficulties during Adolescence: The Mediating Roles of Loneliness and Perceived Stress

Auteurs: Angelina Majeno, Kim M. Tsai, Virginia W. Huynh, Heather McCreath, Andrew J. Fuligni

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 1/2018

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Abstract

Irregular and insufficient sleep place youth at risk for adverse psychological and physical health outcomes. Recent research indicates that discrimination constitutes a type of stressor that interferes with adolescent sleep; however, the mechanisms through which discrimination affects sleep are not well understood. This study examined whether ethnic and non-ethnic (i.e., gender, age, and height/weight) discrimination were associated with adolescents’ sleep duration, variability, and quality, and whether loneliness and perceived stress mediated these associations. An ethnically-diverse sample (42% Latino, 29% European American, 23% Asian) of adolescents (N = 316; M age = 16.40 years, 57% girls) reported on their experiences of discrimination, perceived stress, and loneliness. Sleep duration and variability were assessed by actigraphy and sleep quality through self-reports. Ethnic discrimination was related to shorter sleep duration and both ethnic and non-ethnic discrimination were associated with worse sleep quality. Loneliness and perceived stress partially mediated the relation between discrimination and sleep quality. Discriminatory experiences can heighten feelings of loneliness and stress, which, in turn, may contribute to diminished sleep quality during adolescence.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Discrimination and Sleep Difficulties during Adolescence: The Mediating Roles of Loneliness and Perceived Stress
Auteurs
Angelina Majeno
Kim M. Tsai
Virginia W. Huynh
Heather McCreath
Andrew J. Fuligni
Publicatiedatum
21-11-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 1/2018
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-017-0755-8