Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Kind en adolescent 1/2005

01-03-2005 | Artikelen

De gehechtheidstheorie als ‘grand theory’?

Grenzen en vooruitzichten van een theorie over sociale verbondenheid

Auteur: Carlo Schuengel

Gepubliceerd in: Kind en adolescent | Uitgave 1/2005

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Samenvatting

Voor onderzoekers en professionals op het terrein van kinderen en gezinnen is de gehechtheidstheorie een onontbeerlijk onderdeel geworden van de wetenschappelijke scholing. Het toepassingsgebied van de gehechtheidstheorie is de laatste jaren verbreed van kinderen naar adolescenten en volwassenen, en van doorsnee gezinnen naar klinische groepen, bijzondere opvoedingssituaties en therapeutische relaties. Ontwikkelt de gehechtheidstheorie zich op deze manier tot een ‘grand theory’ van alles wat met sociale verbondenheid te maken heeft? Aan de hand van deze vraag worden in dit artikel de grenzen van de gehechtheidstheorie verkend, en worden conclusies getrokken ten aanzien van het onderzoek dat nodig is om de theorie in onderzoek en in de hulpverlening op een juiste manier verder te ontwikkelen en toe te passen.
Literatuur
go back to reference Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment. Hillsdale, nj: Lawrence Erlbaum. Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment. Hillsdale, nj: Lawrence Erlbaum.
go back to reference Ainsworth, M. D. S., & Wittig, B. A. (1969). Attachment and exploratory behavior of one year olds in a strange situation. In B. M. Foss (Ed.), Determinants of infant behavior (pp. 113-136). London: Methuen. Ainsworth, M. D. S., & Wittig, B. A. (1969). Attachment and exploratory behavior of one year olds in a strange situation. In B. M. Foss (Ed.), Determinants of infant behavior (pp. 113-136). London: Methuen.
go back to reference Allen, N. B., & Badcock, P. B. T. (2003). The social risk hypothesis of depressed mood: Evolutionary, psychosocial, and neurobiological perspectives. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 887-913. CrossRefPubMed Allen, N. B., & Badcock, P. B. T. (2003). The social risk hypothesis of depressed mood: Evolutionary, psychosocial, and neurobiological perspectives. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 887-913. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Baumeister, R. F., & Leary, M. R. (1995). The need to belong - desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human-motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 497-529. CrossRefPubMed Baumeister, R. F., & Leary, M. R. (1995). The need to belong - desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human-motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 497-529. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Belsky, J., & Cassidy, J. (1994). Attachment: Theory and evidence. In M. Rutter, & D. Hay (Eds.), Development through life: A handbook for clinicians (pp. 373-402). Oxford: Blackwell. Belsky, J., & Cassidy, J. (1994). Attachment: Theory and evidence. In M. Rutter, & D. Hay (Eds.), Development through life: A handbook for clinicians (pp. 373-402). Oxford: Blackwell.
go back to reference Belsky, J., Jaffee, S. R., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T., & Silva, P. A. (2003). Intergenerational relationships in young adulthood and their life course, mental health, and personality correlates. Journal of Family Psychology, 17, 460-471. CrossRefPubMed Belsky, J., Jaffee, S. R., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T., & Silva, P. A. (2003). Intergenerational relationships in young adulthood and their life course, mental health, and personality correlates. Journal of Family Psychology, 17, 460-471. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Boris, N. W., Hinshaw-Fuselier, S. S., Smyke, A. T., Scheeringa, M. S., Heller, S. S., & Zeanah, C. H. (2004). Comparing criteria for attachment disorders: Establishing reliability and validity in high-risk samples. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 568-577. CrossRefPubMed Boris, N. W., Hinshaw-Fuselier, S. S., Smyke, A. T., Scheeringa, M. S., Heller, S. S., & Zeanah, C. H. (2004). Comparing criteria for attachment disorders: Establishing reliability and validity in high-risk samples. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 568-577. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bowlby, J. (1951). Maternal care and mental health. Geneva: World Health Organisation. Bowlby, J. (1951). Maternal care and mental health. Geneva: World Health Organisation.
go back to reference Bowlby, J. (1958). The nature of the child's tie to his mother. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 39, 350-373. PubMed Bowlby, J. (1958). The nature of the child's tie to his mother. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 39, 350-373. PubMed
go back to reference Bowlby, J. (1984). Attachment and loss: Vol. 1. Attachment (2 ed.). London: Penguin. Bowlby, J. (1984). Attachment and loss: Vol. 1. Attachment (2 ed.). London: Penguin.
go back to reference Bretherton, I., & Munholland, K. A. (1999). Internal working models in attachment relationships: A construct revisited. In J. Cassidy, & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications (pp. 89-111). New York: The Guilford Press. Bretherton, I., & Munholland, K. A. (1999). Internal working models in attachment relationships: A construct revisited. In J. Cassidy, & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications (pp. 89-111). New York: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Carter, C. S. (1998). Neuroendocrine perspectives on social attachment and love. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 23, 779-818. CrossRefPubMed Carter, C. S. (1998). Neuroendocrine perspectives on social attachment and love. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 23, 779-818. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cassidy, J. (1999). The nature of the child's ties. In J. Cassidy, & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications (pp. 3-20). New York: Guilford. Cassidy, J. (1999). The nature of the child's ties. In J. Cassidy, & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications (pp. 3-20). New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Cassidy, J., & Shaver, P. R. (Eds.) (1999). Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications. New York: Guilford. Cassidy, J., & Shaver, P. R. (Eds.) (1999). Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications. New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Cassidy, J., Kirsh, S. J., Scolton, K. L., & Parke, R. D. (1996). Attachment and representations of peer relationships. Developmental Psychology, 32, 892-904. CrossRef Cassidy, J., Kirsh, S. J., Scolton, K. L., & Parke, R. D. (1996). Attachment and representations of peer relationships. Developmental Psychology, 32, 892-904. CrossRef
go back to reference Cicchetti, D., Toth, S. L., & Lynch, M. (1995). Bowlby's dream comes full circle: The application of attachment theory to risk and psychopathology. Advances in Clinical Child Psychology, 17, 1-75. Cicchetti, D., Toth, S. L., & Lynch, M. (1995). Bowlby's dream comes full circle: The application of attachment theory to risk and psychopathology. Advances in Clinical Child Psychology, 17, 1-75.
go back to reference Creswell, J. (1994). Research design: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Thousand Oaks: Sage. Creswell, J. (1994). Research design: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
go back to reference Crick, N. R., & Dodge, K. A. (1994). A review and reformulation of social information-processing mechanisms in childrens social-adjustment. Psychological Bulletin, 115, 74-101. CrossRef Crick, N. R., & Dodge, K. A. (1994). A review and reformulation of social information-processing mechanisms in childrens social-adjustment. Psychological Bulletin, 115, 74-101. CrossRef
go back to reference De Roos, S. A., Miedema, S., & Iedema, J. (2001). Attachment, working models of self and others, and God concept in kindergarten. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 40, 607-618. CrossRef De Roos, S. A., Miedema, S., & Iedema, J. (2001). Attachment, working models of self and others, and God concept in kindergarten. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 40, 607-618. CrossRef
go back to reference Dixon, W. (2002). 20 Studies that revolutionized the study of child development. Developments, 45, 1. Dixon, W. (2002). 20 Studies that revolutionized the study of child development. Developments, 45, 1.
go back to reference Ferrari, P. F., Gallese, V., Rizzolatti, G., & Fogassi, L. (2003). Mirror neurons responding to the observation of ingestive and communicative mouth actions in the monkey ventral premotor cortex. European Journal of Neuroscience, 17, 1703-1714. CrossRefPubMed Ferrari, P. F., Gallese, V., Rizzolatti, G., & Fogassi, L. (2003). Mirror neurons responding to the observation of ingestive and communicative mouth actions in the monkey ventral premotor cortex. European Journal of Neuroscience, 17, 1703-1714. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hinde, R. A., & Stevenson-Hinde, J. (1988). Epilogue.In R. A. Hinde, & J. Stevenson-Hinde (Eds.), Relationships within families: Mutual influence (pp. 365-385). Oxford: Clarendon. Hinde, R. A., & Stevenson-Hinde, J. (1988). Epilogue.In R. A. Hinde, & J. Stevenson-Hinde (Eds.), Relationships within families: Mutual influence (pp. 365-385). Oxford: Clarendon.
go back to reference Iacoboni, M., Woods, R. P., Brass, M., Bekkering, H., Mazziotta, J. C., & Rizzolatti, G. (1999). Cortical mechanisms of human imitation. Science, 286, 2526-2528. CrossRefPubMed Iacoboni, M., Woods, R. P., Brass, M., Bekkering, H., Mazziotta, J. C., & Rizzolatti, G. (1999). Cortical mechanisms of human imitation. Science, 286, 2526-2528. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kirkpatrick, L. A. (1999). Attachment and religious representations and behavior. In J. Cassidy & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications (pp. 803-822). New York: Guilford. Kirkpatrick, L. A. (1999). Attachment and religious representations and behavior. In J. Cassidy & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications (pp. 803-822). New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Kuhn, T. S. (1996). The structure of scientific revolutions (3rd ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Kuhn, T. S. (1996). The structure of scientific revolutions (3rd ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
go back to reference Lakin, J. L., & Chartrand, T. L. (2003). Using nonconscious behavioral mimicry to create affiliation and rapport. Psychological Science, 14, 334-339. CrossRefPubMed Lakin, J. L., & Chartrand, T. L. (2003). Using nonconscious behavioral mimicry to create affiliation and rapport. Psychological Science, 14, 334-339. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Lakin, J. L., Jefferis, V. E., Cheng, C. M., & Chartrand, T. L. (2003). The chameleon effect as social glue: Evidence for the evolutionary significance of nonconscious mimicry. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 27, 145-162. CrossRef Lakin, J. L., Jefferis, V. E., Cheng, C. M., & Chartrand, T. L. (2003). The chameleon effect as social glue: Evidence for the evolutionary significance of nonconscious mimicry. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 27, 145-162. CrossRef
go back to reference Main, M., Kaplan, N., & Cassidy, J. (1985). Security in infancy, childhood, and adulthood: A move to the level of representation. In I. Bretherton & E. Waters (Eds.), Growing points of attachment theory and research (pp. 66-104). Society for Research in Child Development. Main, M., Kaplan, N., & Cassidy, J. (1985). Security in infancy, childhood, and adulthood: A move to the level of representation. In I. Bretherton & E. Waters (Eds.), Growing points of attachment theory and research (pp. 66-104). Society for Research in Child Development.
go back to reference Main, M., & Solomon, J. (1986). Discovery of an insecure-disorganized/disoriented attachment pattern. In T. B. Brazelton, & M. W. Yogman (Eds.), Affective development in infancy (pp. 95-124). Norwood, nj: Ablex. Main, M., & Solomon, J. (1986). Discovery of an insecure-disorganized/disoriented attachment pattern. In T. B. Brazelton, & M. W. Yogman (Eds.), Affective development in infancy (pp. 95-124). Norwood, nj: Ablex.
go back to reference Marris, P. (1991). The social construction of uncertainty. In C. M. Parkes, J. Stevenson-Hinde, & P. Marris (Eds.), Attachment across the life cycle (pp. 77-90). London: Routledge Tavistock. Marris, P. (1991). The social construction of uncertainty. In C. M. Parkes, J. Stevenson-Hinde, & P. Marris (Eds.), Attachment across the life cycle (pp. 77-90). London: Routledge Tavistock.
go back to reference Meltzoff, A. N., & Moore, M. K. (1983). Newborn-infants imitate adult facial gestures. Child Development, 54, 702-709. CrossRefPubMed Meltzoff, A. N., & Moore, M. K. (1983). Newborn-infants imitate adult facial gestures. Child Development, 54, 702-709. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference O’Connor, T. G., & Zeanah, C. H. (2003). Attachment disorders: Assessment strategies and treatment approaches. Attachment and Human Development, 5, 223-244. CrossRefPubMed O’Connor, T. G., & Zeanah, C. H. (2003). Attachment disorders: Assessment strategies and treatment approaches. Attachment and Human Development, 5, 223-244. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Porges, S. W. (2003). Social engagement and attachment: A phylogenetic perspective. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1008, 31-47. CrossRefPubMed Porges, S. W. (2003). Social engagement and attachment: A phylogenetic perspective. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1008, 31-47. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Riksen-Walraven, J. M. A. (1983). Mogelijke oorzaken en gevolgen van een (on)veilige eerste gehechtheidsrelatie. Een overzicht aan de hand van een model. Kind en adolescent, 4, 23-44. Riksen-Walraven, J. M. A. (1983). Mogelijke oorzaken en gevolgen van een (on)veilige eerste gehechtheidsrelatie. Een overzicht aan de hand van een model. Kind en adolescent, 4, 23-44.
go back to reference Schuengel, C., De Schipper, J. C., & Sterkenburg, P. M. (2003). Hechtingsstoornissen en verstoorde gehechtheid. In S. Colijn, E. C. A. Collumbien, G. Lietaer, & R. W. Trijsburg (Red.), Handboek integratieve psychotherapie (pp. 8.1-1-8.1-23). Utrecht: Tijdstroom. Schuengel, C., De Schipper, J. C., & Sterkenburg, P. M. (2003). Hechtingsstoornissen en verstoorde gehechtheid. In S. Colijn, E. C. A. Collumbien, G. Lietaer, & R. W. Trijsburg (Red.), Handboek integratieve psychotherapie (pp. 8.1-1-8.1-23). Utrecht: Tijdstroom.
go back to reference Schuengel, C., & Van IJzendoorn, M. H. (2001). Attachment in mental health institutions: A critical review of assumptions, clinical implications, and research strategies. Attachment and Human Development, 3, 304-323. CrossRefPubMed Schuengel, C., & Van IJzendoorn, M. H. (2001). Attachment in mental health institutions: A critical review of assumptions, clinical implications, and research strategies. Attachment and Human Development, 3, 304-323. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Spangler, G., & Grossmann, K. E. (1993). Biobehavioral organization in securely and insecurely attached infants. Child Development, 64, 1439-1450. CrossRefPubMed Spangler, G., & Grossmann, K. E. (1993). Biobehavioral organization in securely and insecurely attached infants. Child Development, 64, 1439-1450. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Sroufe, A. L. (1979). Socioemotional development. In J. D. Osofsky (Ed.), Handbook of infant development (pp. 462-516). New York: John Wiley. Sroufe, A. L. (1979). Socioemotional development. In J. D. Osofsky (Ed.), Handbook of infant development (pp. 462-516). New York: John Wiley.
go back to reference Sroufe, L. A., Carlson, E. A., Levy, A. K., & Egeland, B. (1999). Implications of attachment theory for developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 1-13. CrossRefPubMed Sroufe, L. A., Carlson, E. A., Levy, A. K., & Egeland, B. (1999). Implications of attachment theory for developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 1-13. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Van IJzendoorn, M. H. (1995). Adult attachment representations, parental responsiveness, and infant attachment: A meta-analysis on the predictive validity of the Adult Attachment Interview. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 387-403. CrossRefPubMed Van IJzendoorn, M. H. (1995). Adult attachment representations, parental responsiveness, and infant attachment: A meta-analysis on the predictive validity of the Adult Attachment Interview. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 387-403. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Van IJzendoorn, M. H., Sagi, A., & Lambermon, M. W. E. (1992). The multiple caretaker paradox: Some data from Holland and Israel. In R. C. Pianta (Ed.), New Directions in Child Development: Relationships between children and non-parental adults (pp. 5-24). San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass. Van IJzendoorn, M. H., Sagi, A., & Lambermon, M. W. E. (1992). The multiple caretaker paradox: Some data from Holland and Israel. In R. C. Pianta (Ed.), New Directions in Child Development: Relationships between children and non-parental adults (pp. 5-24). San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass.
go back to reference Waters, E., Weinfield, N. S., & Hamilton, C. E. (2000). The stability of attachment security from infancy to adolescence and early adulthood: General discussion. Child Development, 71, 703-706. CrossRefPubMed Waters, E., Weinfield, N. S., & Hamilton, C. E. (2000). The stability of attachment security from infancy to adolescence and early adulthood: General discussion. Child Development, 71, 703-706. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Zeanah, C. H., Scheeringa, M., Boris, N. W., Heller, S. S., Smyke, A. T., & Trapani, J. (2004). Reactive attachment disorder in maltreated toddlers. Child Abuse & Neglect, 28, 877-888. CrossRefPubMed Zeanah, C. H., Scheeringa, M., Boris, N. W., Heller, S. S., Smyke, A. T., & Trapani, J. (2004). Reactive attachment disorder in maltreated toddlers. Child Abuse & Neglect, 28, 877-888. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Zegers, M. A. M., Schuengel, C., Van IJzendoorn, M. H., & Janssens, J. M. A. M. (2004). Attachment representations of institutionalized adolescents and their professional caregivers: Predicting the development of therapeutic relationships. Ongepubliceerd manuscript. Zegers, M. A. M., Schuengel, C., Van IJzendoorn, M. H., & Janssens, J. M. A. M. (2004). Attachment representations of institutionalized adolescents and their professional caregivers: Predicting the development of therapeutic relationships. Ongepubliceerd manuscript.
go back to reference Zeijlmans-van Emmichhoven, I. A., Van IJzendoorn, M. H., De Ruiter, C., & Brosschot, J. F. (2003). Selective processing of threatening information: Effects of attachment representation and anxiety disorder on attention and memory. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 219-237. CrossRef Zeijlmans-van Emmichhoven, I. A., Van IJzendoorn, M. H., De Ruiter, C., & Brosschot, J. F. (2003). Selective processing of threatening information: Effects of attachment representation and anxiety disorder on attention and memory. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 219-237. CrossRef
go back to reference Zimmermann, P. (1999). Structure and functions of internal working models of attachment and their role for emotion regulation. Attachment and Human Development, 3, 291-306. CrossRef Zimmermann, P. (1999). Structure and functions of internal working models of attachment and their role for emotion regulation. Attachment and Human Development, 3, 291-306. CrossRef
go back to reference Ziv, Y., Oppenheim, D., & Sagi-Schwartz, A. (2004). Social information processing in middle childhood: Relations to infant-mother attachment. Attachment and Human Development, 6, 327-348. CrossRefPubMed Ziv, Y., Oppenheim, D., & Sagi-Schwartz, A. (2004). Social information processing in middle childhood: Relations to infant-mother attachment. Attachment and Human Development, 6, 327-348. CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
De gehechtheidstheorie als ‘grand theory’?
Grenzen en vooruitzichten van een theorie over sociale verbondenheid
Auteur
Carlo Schuengel
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2005
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
Gepubliceerd in
Kind en adolescent / Uitgave 1/2005
Print ISSN: 0167-2436
Elektronisch ISSN: 1876-5998
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03060932

Andere artikelen Uitgave 1/2005

Kind en adolescent 1/2005 Naar de uitgave