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12-05-2020 | Uitgave 9/2020

Quality of Life Research 9/2020

Better sleep, better life? How sleep quality influences children’s life satisfaction

Tijdschrift:
Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 9/2020
Auteurs:
Courtney K. Blackwell, Lauren E. Hartstein, Amy J. Elliott, Christopher B. Forrest, Jody Ganiban, Kelly J. Hunt, Carlos A. Camargo Jr., Monique K. LeBourgeois, program collaborators for Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO)
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s11136-020-02491-9) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Purpose

To assess the association between children’s sleep quality and life satisfaction; and to evaluate the underlying mechanisms of this relationship.

Methods

Three pediatric cohorts in the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Environmental influences on Child Health (ECHO) Research Program administered Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS®) parent-proxy measures to caregivers (n = 1111) who reported on their 5- to 9-year-old children’s (n = 1251) sleep quality, psychological stress, general health, and life satisfaction; extant sociodemographic data were harmonized across cohorts. Bootstrapped path modeling of individual patient data meta-analysis was used to determine whether and to what extent stress and general health mediate the relationship between children’s sleep quality and life satisfaction.

Results

Nonparametric bootstrapped path analyses with 1000 replications suggested children’s sleep quality was associated with lower levels of stress and better general health, which, in turn, predicted higher levels of life satisfaction. Family environmental factors (i.e., income and maternal mental health) moderated these relationships.

Conclusion

Children who sleep well have happier lives than those with more disturbed sleep. Given the modifiable nature of children’s sleep quality, this study offers evidence to inform future interventional studies on specific mechanisms to improve children’s well-being.

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