Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This study assessed the efficacy of FaceSay, a computer-based social skills training program for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). This randomized controlled study (N = 49) indicates that providing children with low-functioning autism (LFA) and high functioning autism (HFA) opportunities to practice attending to eye gaze, discriminating facial expressions and recognizing faces and emotions in FaceSay’s structured environment with interactive, realistic avatar assistants improved their social skills abilities. The children with LFA demonstrated improvements in two areas of the intervention: emotion recognition and social interactions. The children with HFA demonstrated improvements in all three areas: facial recognition, emotion recognition, and social interactions. These findings, particularly the measured improvements to social interactions in a natural environment, are encouraging.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Adolph, R., Tranel, D., Damasio, H., & Damasio, A. R. (1994). Impaired recognition of emotion in facial expressions following bilateral damage to the human amygdala. Nature, 372, 669–672. CrossRef
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). DC: Washington.
Autism Society of America. (2003). New autism facts. Advocate, 36(1).
Bailey, K. J. (2001). Social competence of children with autism classified as best-outcome following behavior analytic treatment. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B the Sciences and Engineering, 61(12-B), 6696.
Baron-Cohen, S., Ring, H. A., Bullmore, E. T., Wheelwright, S., Ashwin, A., & Williams, P. (2002). Social intelligence in the normal and autistic brain: An fMRI study. European Journal of Neuroscience, 11, 1891–1898. CrossRef
Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., & Jolliffe, T. (1997). Is there a “language of the eyes”? Evidence from normal adults and adults with Autism or Asperger syndrome. Visual Cognition, 4, 311–331. CrossRef
Bernard-Opitz, V. (1989). Computer assisted instruction for autistic children. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 17, 125–130.
Bölte, S., Feineis-Matthews, S., Leber, S., Dierks, T., Hubl, D., & Poustka, F. (2002). The development and evaluation of a computer-based program to test and to teach the recognition of facial affect. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 61(Suppl 2), 61–68. PubMed
Boucher, J., & Lewis, V. (1991). Unfamiliar face recognition in relatively able autistic children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 33, 843–859. CrossRef
Chen, S. H., & Bernard-Opitz, V. (1993). Comparison of personal and computer-assisted instruction for children with autism. Mental Retardation, 31, 368–376. PubMed
Cohen, J. (1960). A coefficient of agreement for nominal scales. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 20, 37–46. CrossRef
Corbett, B. A., & Abdullah, M. (2005). Video Modeling: Why does it work for children with autism? Journal of Early and Intensive Behavior Intervention, 2(1), 2–8.
Ekman, P., & Friesen, W. V. (1975). Unmasking the face. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Fleiss, J. L. (1981). Statistical methods for rates and proportions. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Frith, U. (1989). Autism: Explaining the enigma. Oxford: Blackwell.
Golan, O., Ashwin, A., Granader, Y., McClintock, S., Day, K., Leggett, V., et al. (2010). Enhancing emotion recognition in children with autism spectrum conditions: An intervention using animated vehicles with real emotional faces. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40, 269–279. PubMedCrossRef
Goldsmith, T. R., & LeBlanc, L. A. (2004). Use of technology in interventions for children with autism. Journal of Early and Intensive Behavior Intervention, 1(2), 166–178.
Gresham, F. M. (1981). Assessment of children’s social skills. Journal of School Psychology, 19, 120–134. CrossRef
Gresham, F. M., & Elliott, S. N. (1990). Social skills rating system manual. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.
Hauck, M., Fein, D., Waterhouse, L., & Feinstein, C. (1995). Social initiations by autistic children to adults and other children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24, 129–154.
Heiman, M., Nelson, K. E., Tjus, T., & Gillberg, C. (1995). Increasing reading and communication skills in children with autism through an interactive multimedia computer program. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 25, 459–480. CrossRef
Hopkins, M., & Biasini, F. (2005). Children with fragile x syndrome and children with autism show distinct impairments in emotional understanding. Presented at the American psychological society conference, New York, NY.
Kaufman, A. S., & Kaufman, N. L. (1990). Kaufman brief intelligence test. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.
Koegel, R. L., Koegel, L. K., & McNerney, E. K. (2001). Pivotal areas in intervention for autism. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 27, 233–243.
LaCava, P., Golan, O., Baron-Cohen, S., & Smith Myles, B. (2007). Using assistive technology to teach emotion recognition to students with Asperger syndrome: A pilot study. Remedial and Special Education, 28, 174–181. CrossRef
Ozonoff, S., Pennington, B., & Rogers, S. (1990). Are there specific emotion perception deficits in young autistic children? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 31, 342–361. CrossRef
Schopler, E., Reichler, R. J., & Renner, B. R. (1988). The childhood autism rating scale (CARS). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
Sullivan, L. A. (1996). Facial recognition of emotions by children and adults. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B The Sciences and Engineering, 57(11- B), 7253.
Tanaka, J. W., Lincoln, S., & Hegg, L. (2003). A framework for the study and treatment of face processing deficits in autism. In G. Schwarzer & H. Leder (Eds.), The development of face processing (pp. 101–119). Ashland, OH: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers.
- Avatar Assistant: Improving Social Skills in Students with an ASD Through a Computer-Based Intervention
Ingrid Maria Hopkins
Michael W. Gower
Trista A. Perez
Dana S. Smith
Franklin R. Amthor
F. Casey Wimsatt
Fred J. Biasini
- Springer US