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Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 4/2019

22-11-2018

Assessing the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and life satisfaction, psychological well-being, and social well-being: United States Longitudinal Cohort 1995–2014

Auteurs: Elise Mosley-Johnson, Emma Garacci, Nick Wagner, Carlos Mendez, Joni S. Williams, Leonard E. Egede

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 4/2019

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Abstract

Background

More than half of the U.S. population has experienced adverse childhood experiences (ACE), which are linked to physical and mental health issues. This study examines the relationship between ACEs and life satisfaction, psychological well-being, and social well-being.

Methods

Data of 6323 participants from three waves of the Midlife Development in the United States (1995–1996, 2004–2006, and 2011–2014) were used. Repeated measures models were used to test the associations between ACEs and all three psychosocial scales. Generalized estimating equations (GEE) were used to account for multiple survey measures. Adjusting for demographics and survey wave, GEE models were run for each ACE construct.

Results

After controlling for demographic covariables, those reporting an ACE had significantly lower levels of life satisfaction (β = − 0.20, 95% CI − 0.26 to − 0.15) compared to those without an ACE. Those reporting higher ACE counts were associated with lower life satisfaction compared to those with no ACE (β = − 0.38, 95% CI − 0.56 to − 0.20; β = − 0.36, 95% CI − 0.46 to − 0.27; and β = − 0.13, 95% CI − 0.19 to − 0.08 for ACE counts of 3, 2, and 1, respectively). Abuse (β = − 0.41, 95% CI − 0.48 to − 0.33) and household dysfunction (β = − 0.18, 95% CI − 0.25 to − 0.10) were associated with significantly lower life satisfaction. Overall, those exposed to ACEs had significantly lower sense of social well-being.

Conclusion

In this sample of adults, ACEs were significantly associated with lower life satisfaction, lower psychological well-being, and lower social well-being, especially for those who report abuse and household dysfunction during childhood.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Assessing the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and life satisfaction, psychological well-being, and social well-being: United States Longitudinal Cohort 1995–2014
Auteurs
Elise Mosley-Johnson
Emma Garacci
Nick Wagner
Carlos Mendez
Joni S. Williams
Leonard E. Egede
Publicatiedatum
22-11-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 4/2019
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-018-2054-6