Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Although the diagnosis of dependent personality disorder (DPD) has demonstrated construct validity and clinical utility, little is known about how best to model DPD in the DSM-5’s new, alternative model for diagnosing personality disorders. The current research aimed to represent DPD using the 25 pathological personality traits of the alternative model. Self-report measures of the 25 pathological personality traits, DPD, avoidant personality disorder, borderline personality disorder, and maladaptive interpersonal dependency were administered to an undergraduate sample (N = 194). Results indicated that— as consistent with extant theory— anxiousness, submissiveness, and separation insecurity were the three traits most strongly related to DPD symptoms. As a group, anxiousness, submissiveness, and separation insecurity were more strongly related to DPD symptoms (r = 0.55) than were the remaining 22 personality traits (r = 0.34). This group of three traits was strongly associated, however, with avoidant personality disorder symptoms (r = 0.55), suggesting that additional scrutiny of DPD and avoidant personality disorder in the alternative model may be needed. Limitations and directions for future research are presented.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text revision). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing. CrossRef
Bach, B., Anderson, J., & Simonsen, E. (2016b). Continuity between tnterview-rated personality disorders and self-reported DSM-5 traits in a Danish psychiatric sample. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment. doi: 10.1037/per0000171.
Bastiaansen, L., Rossi, G., & Fruyt, F. D. (2012). Comparing five sets of five-factor model personality disorder counts in a heterogeneous sample of psychiatric patients. European Journal of Personality, 27, 377–388. CrossRef
Bornstein, R. F. (2012b). Dependent personality disorder. In T. A. Widiger (Ed.), The oxford handbook of personality disorders. New York: Oxford University Press.
Bornstein, R. F., Languirand, M. A., Geiselman, K. J., Creighton, J. A., West, M. A., Gallagher, H. A., & Eisenhart, E. A. (2003). Construct validity of the relationship profile test: a self-report measure of dependency-detachment. Journal of Personality Assessment, 80, 64–74. CrossRef
Gude, T., Hoffart, A., Hedley, L., & Rø, Ø. (2004). The dimensionality of dependent personality disorder. Journal of Personality, 18, 604–610.
Haggerty, G., Blake, M., & Siefert, C. J. (2010). Convergent and divergent validity of the relationship profile test: investigating the relationship with attachment, interpersonal distress and psychological health. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 66, 339–354. PubMed
Hyler, S. E. (1994). The personality diagnostic questionnaire 4+. New York: New York State Psychiatric Institute.
McCrae, R. R., & Costa Jr., P. T. (2003). Personality in adulthood: a five-factor theory perspective (2nd. ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
Miller, J. D., Few, L. R., Lynam, D. R., & MacKillop, J. (2015). Pathological personality traits can capture DSM-IV personality disorder types. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 6, 32–40. CrossRef
Samuel, D. B., Carroll, K. M., Rounsaville, B. J., & Ball, S. A. (2013). Personality disorder as maladaptive, extreme variants of normal personality: borderline personality disorder and neuroticism in a substance using sample. Journal of Personality Disorders, 27, 625–635. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Skodol, A. E., Bender, D. S., Morey, L. C., Alarcon, R. D., Siever, L. J., Clark, L. A., et al. (2011). Proposed changes in personality and personality disorder assessment and diagnosis for DSM-5 part I: description and rationale. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 1, 4–22. CrossRef
Zimmermann, M., Rothschild, L., & Chelminski, I. (2005). The prevalence of DSM-IV personality disorders in psychiatric outpatients. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 1911–1918. CrossRef
- An Examination of Dependent Personality Disorder in the Alternative DSM-5 Model for Personality Disorders
Andrew S. McClintock
Shannon M. McCarrick
- Springer US
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505