Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10802-015-0027-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Callous/unemotional traits (CU) moderate children’s conduct problems (CP) in numerous domains, including social functioning. The present study examined whether CU traits also moderate the aggressiveness of children’s social information processing (SIP) and responses to varying intensities of peer provocation. Sixty elementary school-age children (46 males) were grouped into those without CP or CU (controls, n = 32), those with CP but not CU (CP-only; n = 14), and those with both CP and CU (CPCU, n = 14). Participants completed a task that measured two aspects of SIP (response generation and hostile attribution bias) and a computerized reaction time task (CRTT) that measured behavior, affect, and communication before and after provocation under instrumental and hostile aggressive conditions. Children with CPCU generated more aggressive responses than controls on measures of SIP. On the CRTT, all children exhibited reactive aggression following high provocation, but only children with CPCU exhibited proactive aggression, and reactive aggression following low provocation; no differences in affect were found. In a series of exploratory analyses, CPCU children communicated antisocially, while CP-only communicated prosocially. Finally, children with CPCU did not seem to hold a grudge following the final instance of provocation, instead gradually returning to baseline like their non-CU peers. These distinct social cognitive and behavioral profiles hint at different etiologies of CP and CPCU, underscoring the variability of aggression in these populations.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Supplementary Table S1 (DOCX 23 kb)10802_2015_27_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Supplementary Table S2 (DOCX 23 kb)10802_2015_27_MOESM2_ESM.docx
Supplementary Table S3 (DOCX 22 kb)10802_2015_27_MOESM3_ESM.docx
Supplementary Table S4 (DOCX 26 kb)10802_2015_27_MOESM4_ESM.docx
Supplementary Table S5 (DOCX 31 kb)10802_2015_27_MOESM5_ESM.docx
American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th TR.). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association.
Christian, R. E., Frick, P. J., Hill, N. L., Tyler, L., & Frazer, D. R. (1997). Psychopathy and conduct problems in children: II. Implications for subtyping children with conduct problems. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 233–241. doi: 10.1097/00004583-199702000-00014. CrossRefPubMed
Dodge, K. A., Laird, R., Lochman, J. E., Zelli, A., & Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (2002). Multidimensional latent-construct analysis of children’s social information processing patterns: correlations with aggressive behavior problems. Psychological Assessment, 14, 60–73. doi: 10.1037//1040-35220.127.116.11. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
Frick, P. J., & Hare, R. D. (2001). Antisocial process screening device: Technical Manual. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
Frick, P. J., Cornell, A. H., Barry, C. T., Bodin, S. D., & Dane, H. E. (2003a). Callous-unemotional traits and conduct problems in the prediction of conduct problem severity, aggression, and self-report of delinquency. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 31, 457–470. doi: 10.1023/A:1023899703866. CrossRefPubMed
Frick, P. J., Ray, J. V., Thornton, L. C., & Kahn, R. E. (2014). Can callous-unemotional traits enhance the understanding, diagnosis, and treatment of serious conduct problems in children and adolescents? A comprehensive review. Psychological Bulletin, 140, 1–57. doi: 10.1037/a0033076. CrossRefPubMed
Kiernan, K., Tao, J., & Gibbs, P. (2012). Tips and strategies for mixed modeling with SAS/STAT procedures (Paper 332-2012). SAS Global Forum, Orlando, Florida. Available at: https://support.sas.com/resources/papers/proceedings12/332-2012.pdf.
Kimonis, E. R., Frick, P. J., Skeem, J. L., Marsee, M. A., Cruise, K., Muñoz, L. C., … Morris, A. S. (2008). Assessing callous-unemotional traits in adolescent offenders: validation of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 31, 241–252. doi: 10.1016/j.ijlp.2008.04.002.
King, S., Waschbusch, D. A., Pelham, W. E., Frankland, B. W., Andrade, B. F., Jacques, S., & Corkum, P. V. (2009a). Social information processing in elementary-school aged children with ADHD: medication effects and comparisons with typical children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37, 579–589. doi: 10.1007/s10802-008-9294-9. CrossRefPubMed
King, S., Waschbusch, D. A., Pelham, W. E., Frankland, B. W., Corkum, P. V., & Jacques, S. (2009b). Subtypes of aggression in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: medication effects and comparison with typical children. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 38, 619–29. doi: 10.1080/15374410903103619. CrossRefPubMed
Lochman, J. E., Baden, R. E., Boxmeyer, C. L., Powell, N. P., Qu, L., Salekin, K. L., & Windle, M. (2014). Does a booster intervention augment the preventive effects of an abbreviated version of the coping power program for aggressive children? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42, 367–81. doi: 10.1007/s10802-013-9727-y. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
Miller, N. V., Haas, S. M., Waschbusch, D. A., Willoughby, M. T., Helseth, S. A., Crum, K. I., … Pelham, W. E. (2014). Behavior therapy and callous-unemotional traits: effects of a pilot study examining modified behavioral contingencies on child behavior. Behavior Therapy, 45, 606–18. doi: 10.1016/j.beth.2013.10.006.
Pardini, D. A., & Byrd, A. L. (2012). Perceptions of aggressive conflicts and others’ distress in children with callous-unemotional traits: ‘I’ll show you who’s boss, even if you suffer and I get in trouble’. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53, 283–291. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02487.x. CrossRefPubMed
SAS Institute Inc. (2011). SAS/STAT 9.3 User’s Guide. Cary: SAS Institute Inc.
Shaffer, D., Fisher, P., Lucas, C. P., Dulcan, M. K., & Schwab-Stone, M. E. (2000). NIMH Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children Version IV (NIMH DISC-IV): description, differences from previous versions, and reliability of some common diagnoses. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 28–38. doi: 10.1097/00004583-200001000-00014. CrossRefPubMed
Thornton, L. C., Frick, P. J., Crapanzano, A. M., & Terranova, A. M. (2013). The incremental utility of callous-unemotional traits and conduct problems in predicting aggression and bullying in a community sample of boys and girls. Psychological Assessment, 25, 366–378. doi: 10.1037/a0031153. CrossRefPubMed
Van Baardewijk, Y., Vermeiren, R., Stegge, H., & Doreleijers, T. (2011). Self-reported psychopathic traits in children: their stability and concurrent and prospective association with conduct problems and aggression. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 33, 236–245. doi: 10.1007/s10862-010-9215-4. CrossRef
Waschbusch, D. A., Pelham, W. E., Jennings, J. R., Greiner, A. R., Tarter, R. E., & Moss, H. B. (2002). Reactive aggression in boys with disruptive behavior disorders: behavior, physiology, and affect. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 30, 641–656. doi: 10.1023/A:1020867831811. CrossRefPubMed
- Aggression in Children with Conduct Problems and Callous-Unemotional Traits: Social Information Processing and Response to Peer Provocation
Sarah A. Helseth
Daniel A. Waschbusch
Michael T. Willoughby
- Springer US