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Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 10/2022

02-06-2022

The impact of toxic oil syndrome on physical and psychological health status using the HAQ and the PHQ-9 questionnaires

Auteurs: Macarena Garrido-Estepa, Greta Arias-Merino, Verónica Alonso-Ferreira, Ana Villaverde-Hueso, Manuel Posada de la Paz

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 10/2022

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Abstract

Background

Toxic oil syndrome (TOS) is a multisystemic disease due to a massive intoxication. To evaluate physical and mental health of TOS patients, we used the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and the Patient Health Questionnaire–9 (PHQ-9). Additionally, we correlated both questionnaires with the results of the Short Form-36v2 (SF-36v2) Health Survey obtained in the same patients’ sample.

Methods

895 TOS patients who participated in the prior SF-36v2 study were invited to participate. We described patients’ demographic and clinical characteristics, HAQ and PHQ-9 results. HAQ and PHQ-9 scores were correlated to the standardised SF-36v2 results obtained in our previous study.

Results

In total, 828 (92.5%) TOS annual follow-up and HAQ and 810 (90.5%) PHQ-9 valid questionnaires were analysed. Participants’ average age was 65.4 (Standard Deviation (SD): 13.4), 521 (62.9%) were women, 725 (87.6%) reported having at least other chronic disease and 789 (95.3%) an additional TOS-related health problem. Average scores were 0.91 (SD: 0.83) for HAQ, 35.8 (SD: 10.1) for PCS and 37.8 (SD: 11.6) for MCS. Overall, 467 (57.7%) participants had moderate/severe depression (PHQ-9 ≥ 10), but only 229 (49.6%) of them reported having a depression diagnosis. Correlation between questionnaires was very strong for HAQ and physical function SF-36v2 dimension and moderate/fair for the rest of combinations.

Conclusions

TOS cohort presented low/very low health status measured with SF-36v2, moderate difficulties in performing daily activities according to HAQ, and a high prevalence of major depression measured with PHQ-9. High proportion of undiagnosed depression was detected, proving PHQ-9 useful in terms of detecting and promoting depression diagnosis in the cohort.
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Metagegevens
Titel
The impact of toxic oil syndrome on physical and psychological health status using the HAQ and the PHQ-9 questionnaires
Auteurs
Macarena Garrido-Estepa
Greta Arias-Merino
Verónica Alonso-Ferreira
Ana Villaverde-Hueso
Manuel Posada de la Paz
Publicatiedatum
02-06-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 10/2022
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-022-03161-8

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