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Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 6/2013

01-08-2013

Perceived health is partially associated with the symptomatological profile in patients with benign and severe conditions: the case of congenital heart disease

Auteurs: D. Schoormans, M. A. G. Sprangers, W. Budts, B. J. M. Mulder, S. Apers, P. Moons

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 6/2013

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Abstract

Purpose

Individuals with serious medical conditions can perceive their health status as good. This might be explained by the symptomatology inherent to the condition. Research in this respect is scarce. Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a spectrum of mild, moderate, and complex heart defects, representing more benign and severe chronic conditions. We investigated (1) symptomatology (i.e., symptom frequency and symptom distress) of CHD patients; (2) the extent to which symptomatology was independently related to perceived health; and (3) the relative importance of individual symptoms for perceived health.

Methods

A secondary data analysis on two separate patient samples (629 Belgian and 1,109 Dutch patients) was conducted. Patients’ symptomatology was measured with the TAAQOL–CHD. Perceived health was measured by the EQ-5Dvas in Belgian patients, and by a single item (EVGFP rating) of the SF-36 in Dutch patients. Linear regression analyses were performed to investigate the relationship between symptoms and perceived health, while controlling for sex, age, disease complexity, and functional status.

Results

The most frequently occurring symptoms were dizziness, palpitations, and nycturia. Symptom distress was associated with perceived health, independent of confounders. Symptom distress with respect to shortness of breath while walking; palpitations; and dizziness were independently related to perceived health.

Conclusions

Perceived health in CHD patients is partially associated with their symptomatology. This finding underscores the possibility that differences in perceived health across patient groups with more benign and severe conditions may be caused by the different impact conditions have—in terms of symptoms—on the day-to-day life.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Perceived health is partially associated with the symptomatological profile in patients with benign and severe conditions: the case of congenital heart disease
Auteurs
D. Schoormans
M. A. G. Sprangers
W. Budts
B. J. M. Mulder
S. Apers
P. Moons
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer Netherlands
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 6/2013
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-012-0241-4

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