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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 10/2019

13-06-2019 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Impact of Mindfulness Martial Arts Training on Neural and Behavioral Indices of Attention in Youth with Learning Disabilities and Co-occurring Mental Health Challenges

Auteurs: Karen Milligan, Annabel Sibalis, Trish McKeough, Christine Lackner, Louis A. Schmidt, Carson Pun, Sidney J. Segalowitz

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 10/2019

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Abstract

Objectives

Deficits in attentional control are often associated with academic and mental health challenges experienced by youth with learning disabilities (LDs). Mindfulness treatments may improve attentional control; however, findings in youth populations to date have been mixed. Neural measures of attentional control may be more sensitive to treatment effects, but have been rarely employed. We addressed this limitation by examining the impact of a 20-week mindfulness martial arts training program for youth aged 11–17 years with LD and mental health challenge on electroencephalography (EEG), parent-report, and behavioral indices of attention.

Methods

At pre- and post-treatment, a sample of 48 youth receiving treatment and 38 waitlisted controls completed two attention tasks while EEG was recorded. Task performance and P3 amplitude and latency from EEG data were calculated. Parent-reported attention was also measured.

Results

Findings varied depending on the type of measure. Controlling for pre-treatment levels of attention, significant post-treatment group differences were indicated on parent-reported attention and P3 amplitude for one attention task, with significant gains noted for the treatment but not the control group. Significant gains identified were maintained at 3-month follow-up for the treatment group. No significant post-treatment group differences were found for P3 latency or task performance measures.

Conclusions

Mindfulness-based martial arts training appears to significantly impact some, but not all, indices of attentional control. Further research using a randomized control trial design with an exercise-only control is warranted. Recommendations for future research design are discussed.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Impact of Mindfulness Martial Arts Training on Neural and Behavioral Indices of Attention in Youth with Learning Disabilities and Co-occurring Mental Health Challenges
Auteurs
Karen Milligan
Annabel Sibalis
Trish McKeough
Christine Lackner
Louis A. Schmidt
Carson Pun
Sidney J. Segalowitz
Publicatiedatum
13-06-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 10/2019
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-019-01161-3

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